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Spodoptera Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852
Spodoptera Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 153, TS: Hadena mauritia Boisduval
Laphygma Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 156, TS: Noctua exigua Hübner
= ; [NACL, 141]; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 159, TS: Hadena retina Freyer
= ; [NACL, 141]; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Calogramma Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 165, TS: Noctua picta Guerin-Meneville
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Ariathisa Walker, 1865; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 33: 747, TS: Ariathisa atrosignata Walker
= ; [NACL, 141]
Eulaphygma Butler, 1890
= ; [NACL, 141]
= Ariathisa ; [POOLE]
Rusidrina Staudinger, 1892; , TS: rasdolnia Staudinger
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Douzdrina de Laever, 1985
= ; [NE9, 56]

Spodosoma ; auth., (missp.)
Laphygma ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 267
Prodenia ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 268
Ariathisa (Amphipyrinae) ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera (Amphipyrinae) ; [POOLE]; [MOB12, 132]
Spodoptera (Amphipyrini) ; [NACL, 141]
Spodoptera (Caradrini) ; [FE]
Spodoptera (Prodeniini) ;


[sp-1.jpg] 769x513 (~82Kb) Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko

The exact identification of this species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



fiSpodoptera exigua (Hübner, [1808])
WEU, CEU, SEU, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Oriental Region, Africa, Australia, S.USA, Tropical America, Australia. See [About maps] Kulkuyökkönen Small Mottled Willow Beet Army-worm Pigweed Caterpillar
Noctua exigua Hübner, [1808]; pl. 78, f. 362, TL: Europe
Noctua fulgens Geyer, [1832]; pl. 168, f. 796, TL: Sicily
= ; [NACL, #9665]; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Caradrina pygmaea Rambur, 1834; France, Marseille
= ; [NACL, #9665]; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Caradrina junceti Zeller, 1847; Isis von Oken 1847 (6): 445, TL: Italy
= ; [NACL, #9665]; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Laphygma cycloides Guenée, 1852; 157, TL: Cap of Good Hope
= ; [NACL, #9665]
= Spodoptera cilium ; [POOLE]
Laphygma caradrinoides Walker, 1856; 190, TL: Port Natal
= ; [NACL, #9665]; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Caradrina flavimaculata Harvey, 1876; Can. Ent. 8 (3): 54, TL: Oregon; California
= ; [NACL, #9665]; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Caradrina venosa Butler, 1880
= ; [NACL, #9665]; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Caradrina sebghana Austant, 1880; 212, TL: Algeria
= ; [NACL, #9665]; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Laphygma exigua antipodea Warren, 1914; 323, TL: New South Wales
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Laphygma canior Strand, 1916
albimacula (Dannehl, 1929) (Caradrina)
decolorata (Dannehl, 1929) (Caradrina)
variegata (Dannehl, 1929) (Caradrina)
protector (de Laever, 1985) (Douzdrina)
= ; [NE9, 56]
Spodoptera exigua, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Spodoptera exigua, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera exigua, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Spodoptera exigua, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Spodoptera exigua, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Spodoptera exigua, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Spodoptera exigua, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Spodoptera exigua, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Spodoptera exigua, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Spodoptera exigua, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Caradrina flavimaculata ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 280
Laphigma exigua junceti ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 231
Spodoptera exigua ; [NACL, #9665]; [POOLE]; [AUCL]; [NE9, 56]
[exigua-1.jpg] 500x244 (~25Kb) Northern Greece, Axios Delta, 24/7/1995, Photo © Dylan Lloyd leg. [exigua.jpg] 500x306 (~22Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, 27-31.8.1972, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Taraxacum, Plantago



Spodoptera cilium Guenée, 1852
SEU, Africa, Tropical Asia, Iran, Afghanistan, India. See [About maps] Spodoptera cilium Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 156, TL: Java
Spodoptera capicola Herrich-Schäffer, [1854]; pl. 57, f. 131, TL: Cape
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Laphygma cycloides Guenée, 1852
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Caradrina latebrosa Lederer, 1855; 205, pl. 2, f. 11, TL: Cyprus
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Caradrina orbicularis Walker, 1857; 294, TL: South Africa
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Caradrina praeterita Walker, 1857; 294, TL: South Africa
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Caradrina insignata Walker, 1857; 295 (preocc. Prodenia insignata Walker, 1856)
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Laphygma procedens Walker, 1857; 721, TL: Sierra Leone
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Agrotis infixa Walker, 1862; 186, TL: Borneo, Sarawak
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Laphygma obliterans Walker, 1862; 87, TL: Cape
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Laphygma imperviata Walker, 1865; 651, TL: South Africa
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Spodoptera insulsa Walker, 1865; 648, TL: Java
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Laphygma retrahens Walker, 1870; 126, TL: Egypt, Mount Sinai
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Spodoptera abyssinia var. europaea Fernandez, 1928; 215, f. 19, TL: [Spain] Murcia, Cazada
= Ariathisa abyssinia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 56]
Spodoptera cilium, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Spodoptera cilium ; Brown & Dewhurst, 1975, Bul. Ent. Res. 65: 251; [POOLE]; [MOB12: 134, pl. 4, f. 204, 206]; [NE9, 56]

Larva on Oryza [MOB12, 135]


Spodoptera connexa (Wileman, 1914)
Formosa Laphygma connexa Wileman, 1914; Formosa, kanshirei
Spodoptera connexa ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]

Spodoptera depravata (Butler, 1879)
Japan, Korea, SE.Siberia. See [About maps] Agrotis depravata Butler, 1879; 360, TL: Japan, near Yokohama
Rusidrina rasdolnia Staudinger, 1892; 491, pl. 7, f. 9, TL: Amur distr., Rasdolnaja
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Luperina inutilis Alphéraky, 1897; 171, pl. 12, f. 10, TL: Korea
= ; [POOLE]
Euxoa kaolina Bryk, 1948; 57, TL: Korea, Shuotsu
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Spodoptera depravata ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]

Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval, 1833)
SEU, Africa, Madagascar. See [About maps] Hadena littoralis Boisduval, 1833; Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (2) : 239, pl. 13, f. 8, TL: Mauritius, Bourbos; Madagascar, "Coast of Africa"
Hadena retina Freyer, 1845; Neuere Beitr. Schmett. 5 : 161, pl. 478, f. 2-3, TL: Crete
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia testaceoides Guenée, 1852; 165, pl. 6, f. 7, TL: Mauritius
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia metriodes Bethune-Baker, 1911; 511, TL: N.Nigeria
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Spodoptera littoralis, African Moths [AFM]
Spodoptera littoralis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Spodoptera littoralis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Spodoptera littoralis ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
[littoralis.jpg] 500x309 (~22Kb) FINLAND: ES: Mäntyharju, ex.o 1967 (import), Osmo Heikinheimo leg.

 

Spodoptera picta (Guérin-Méneville, [1838])
Oriental Region, Australia, Japan. See [About maps] Noctua picta Guérin-Méneville, [1838]; Voyage Coquille, 2 (2) : 285, : pl. 19, f. 7 (Polia?), TL: "Port Jackson" [Japan]
Phalaena festiva Donovan, 1805; (preocc. Phalaena festiva Cramer, 1775)
= ; [POOLE]
Polia picta Boisduval, 1832; (repl., preocc. Noctua picta Guérin-Méneville, [1831])
Spodoptera picta, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Spodoptera picta ; [POOLE]; [MOB12: 138, pl. 4, f. 205]; [AUCL]
[picta-1l.jpg] 513x769 (~88Kb) larva Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko
Spodoptera picta det. Matti Ahola

Larva on Crinum asiaticum, C. pedonculatum Holloway, 1979, Series Entom. 15: 416



Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775)
India, Oriental Tropics. See [About maps] Noctua litura Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 601
Noctua histrionica Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 612, TL: India
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Noctua elata Fabricius, 1781; Spec. Ins. 2 : 220, TL: Tranquebarie
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia ciligera Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 164, TL: Java
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia tasmanica Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 163, TL: Tasmania
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia subterminalis Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 9: 196, TL: Punjab
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia glaucistriga Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 9: 197, TL: N. India
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia declinata Walker, 1857; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 11: 723, TL: Hindostan
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Mamestra albisparsa Walker, 1862; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. (Zool.) 6 : 186, TL: Borneo, Sarawak
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia evanescens Butler, 1884; Mem. Nat. Acad. Sci. 2: 94, TL: Caroline Is.
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
conjuncta (Rebel, 1921) (Orthosia)
Spodoptera litura, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Spodoptera litura ; Holloway, 1976, Moths of Borneo with special reference to Mt. Kinabalu: 12; [POOLE]; [MOB12: 136, pl. 4, 8, f. 202, 213]; [AUCL]; [NE9, 56]

Larva on Allium, Mangifera, Carissa, Alocasia, Colocasia, Basella, Begonia, Canna, Carica, Casuarina, Terminalia, Blumea, Dahlia, Helianthus, Lactuca, Synedrella, Zinnia, Ipomoea, Brassica, Cucurbita, Dioscorea, Diospyros, Euphorbia, Ricinus, Andropogon, Lepturus, Saccharum, Thuarea, Zea, Cassytha, Acacia, Canavalia, Dolichos, Glycine, Indigofera, Inocarpus, Medicago, Mimosa, Mucuna, Phaseolus, Sesbania, Asparagus, Eucharis, Geniostoma, Gossypium, Sida, Ficus, Musa, Psidium, Boerhavia, Passiflora, Piper, Polygonum, Eichhornia, Rosa, Morinda, Citrus, Antirrhinum, Lycopersicon, Nicotiana, Solanum, Theobroma, Camellia, Triumfetta, Daucus, Laportea, Lantana, Tectona [MOB12, 137-138]


Spodoptera mauritia (Boisduval, 1833)
Mauritius, Sierra Leone. See [About maps] Hadena mauritia Boisduval, 1833; Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (2) : 240, TL: Mauritius, Bourbon
Agrotis aliena Walker, 1865; 694, TL: Mauritius
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Celaena bisignata Walker, 1865; 679, TL: Sierra Leone
= ; [POOLE]
Laphygma gratiosa Walker, 1865; 651, TL: Sierra Leone
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia margarita Hawthorne, 1897
= ; [NE9, 56]
filium Swinhoe, 1900; (missp.?)
= ; [NE9, 56]
effeminata Warren, 1911
= ; [NE9, 56]
Agrotis yernauxi Hulstaert, 1924
= ; [NE9, 56]
Spodoptera mauritia, African Moths [AFM]
Spodoptera mauritia, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Spodoptera mauritia ; Brown & Dewhurst, 1975, Bul. Ent. Res. 65: 247; Holloway, 1976, Moths of Borneo with special reference to Mt. Kinabalu: 12; [POOLE]; [AUCL]; [NE9, 56]
Indian Ocean Spodoptera mauritia mauritia ; [MOB12, 133]
S. m. acronyctoides Guenée, 1852
Oriental Tropics, Australia, Pacific Tropics, Japan Spodoptera acronyctoides Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 154, TL: Tahiti
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera acronyctiformis Guenée, 1852; 399 (repl. Spodoptera acronyctoides Guenée, 1852), TL: Tahiti
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Spodoptera filum Guenée, 1852
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Spodoptera nubes Guenée, 1852; 155, TL: Java; India
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Euxoa ogasawarensis Matsumura, 1926; 6, pl. 1, f. 10, TL: Japan, Bonin Is., Ogasawarajima
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Prodenia infecta Walker, 1856; 196, TL: N. India
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Prodenia insignata Walker, 1856; 197, TL: India
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Prodenia permunda Walker, 1857; 723, TL: Siam
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Agrotis transducta Walker, [1857]; 344, TL: Ceylon
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Agrotis bisignata Walker, 1865; 702 (preocc. Celaena bisignata Walker, 1865), TL: [Queensland] Moreton Bay
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Laphygma squalida Walker, 1865; 651, TL: North Hindostan
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Agrotis submarginalis Walker, 1865; 699, TL: Java
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Hadena obliqua Walker, 1865; 736, TL: Shanghai
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Prodenia venustula Walker, 1865; 654, TL: South Hindostan
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
Hermonassa formosana Matsumura, 1913; 509, TL: Formosa
= Spodoptera mauritia ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE9, 57]
ogaswarae ; Inoue & Sugi, 1958, (missp.)
permbuda ; Druce, 1888, (missp.)
Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides ; [MOB12, 133]; [NE9, 57]

Spodoptera pecten Guenée, 1852
Oriental Tropics, Australia. See [About maps] Spodoptera pecten Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 155, TL: Java
Spodoptera pecten Butler, 1880
= ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera erica Butler, 1880; 675, TL: Formosa
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 57]
Spaelotis uniformis Swinhoe, 1890; 226, TL: Bhamo [Burma]
= ; [POOLE]
Caradrina pectinata Hampson, 1894; 264, TL: Nagas
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 57]
Elydna speciosa Rothschild, 1920; 117, TL: Sumatra, Pasir Ganting
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 57]
Spodoptera pecten ; Holloway, 1976, Moths of Borneo with special reference to Mt. Kinabalu: 12; [POOLE]; [MOB12: 134, pl. 4, f. 207, 209]; [NE9, 57]

Larva on (seeds) Shorea curtisii [MOB12, 134]


Spodoptera pectinicornis (Hampson, 1895)
NE.Himalaya - Sundaland, New Guinea. See [About maps] Xanthoptera pectinicornis Hampson, 1895; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1895 (2) : 302
Caradrina hennia Swinhoe, 1901; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 7 (42): 495
= ; [MOB12, 135]
Spodoptera pectinicornis ; [MOB12: 135, pl. 4, f. 211-212]

Larva on Pistia stratiotes, Eichhornia crassipes [MOB12, 135]


Spodoptera apertura (Walker, 1865)
Tropical Africa, Tropical Asia, Australia. See [About maps] Prodenia apertura Walker, 1865; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 32: 654, TL: Ceylon
Prodenia synstictis Hampson, 1896; Fauna Br. India (Moths) 4 : 511, TL: Nilgiri; Ceylon
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia leucophlebia Hampson, 1902; Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 2 (10): 288, TL: Natal, Karkloof
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Spodoptera apertura ; Brown & Dewhurst, 1975, Bul. Ent. Res. 65: 253; [POOLE]; [MOB12: 135, pl. 4, f. 203]; [AUCL]; [NE9, 56]

Larva on (reared on) Nicotiana [MOB12, 136]


Spodoptera malagasy Viette, 1967
Madagascar. See [About maps] Spodoptera leucophlebia malagasy Viette, 1967; 540, f. 382, TL: Madagascar, Ifanadiana Distr., Ranomafana region
Spodoptera malagasy ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera exempta (Walker, [1857])
Tropical Africa, Tropical Asia, Australia. See [About maps] Agrotis exempta Walker, [1857]; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 10: 355
Prodenia bipars Walker, 1857; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 11: 724, TL: [Queensland] Moreton Bay
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Prodenia ingloria Walker, 1858; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 15: 1679, TL: [Queensland] Moreton Bay
= ; [POOLE]; [NE9, 56]
Spodoptera exempta, African Moths [AFM]
Spodoptera exempta, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Spodoptera exempta ; Brown & Dewhurst, 1975, Bul. Ent. Res. 65: 243; [POOLE]; [MOB12: 136, pl. 4, f. 221]; [AUCL]; [NE9, 56]

Larva on Gramineae, Cyperaceae [MOB12, 136]


Spodoptera umbraculata (Walker, 1858)
Australia (Queensland). See [About maps] Eumichtis umbraculata Walker, 1858; 1717, TL: Queensland, Moreton Bay
Agrotis enunciatus Lucas, 1892; Queensland, Brisbane
= ; [POOLE]
Hadena andrias Meyrick, 1902; Queensland, Brisbane
= ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera umbraculata ; [POOLE]; [AUCL]

The "NA" species-group

Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith, 1797)
Missouri, NA.Georgia, Jamaica, ..., Mexico - Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil (Amazonas). See [About maps] Fall Armyworm
Phalaena frugiperda Smith, 1797; 191, pl. 95, TL: Georgia
Laphygma macra Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 157, Atlas (Noctuelites): pl. 4, f. 6, TL: Colombia
= ; [NACL, #9666]; [POOLE]
Laphygma inepta Walker, 1856; 190, TL: [Amazonas], Santarem; Venezuela
= ; [NACL, #9666]; [POOLE]
Prodenia plagiata Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 9: 194, TL: Jamaica
= ; [NACL, #9666]; [POOLE]
Prodenia signifera Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 9: 193, TL: Georgia; Venezuela
= ; [NACL, #9666]; [POOLE]
Prodenia autumnalis Riley, 1871; 109, TL: Missouri
= ; [NACL, #9666]; [POOLE]
Laphygma frugiperda var. fulvosa Riley, 1871; 49, f. 27b, TL: Missouri
= ; [NACL, #9666]; [POOLE]
Laphygma frugiperda var. obscura Riley, 1876; 49, f. 27c, TL: Missouri
= ; [NACL, #9666]; [POOLE]
Spodoptera frugiperda, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera frugiperda, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Spodoptera frugiperda, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Spodoptera frugiperda, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Spodoptera frugiperda, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Laphygma macra ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 267
Prodenia signifera ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 269
Spodoptera frugiperda ; [NACL, #9666]; [POOLE]; Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 21, f. 24-25

Spodoptera praefica (Grote, 1875)
California, .... See [About maps] Prodenia praefica Grote, 1875; 44, TL: California, Mendocino
Spodoptera praefica, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Spodoptera praefica, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera praefica, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Spodoptera praefica, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Spodoptera praefica ; [NACL, #9667]; [POOLE]

Spodoptera pulchella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1868)
Florida, Greater Antilles, Jamaica. See [About maps] Laphygma pulchella Herrich-Schäffer, 1868; 116, TL: Cuba
Prodenia exquisita Möschler, 1886; Abh. senckenb. nat. Ges. 14 (3) : 41, pl. f. 23, TL: Jamaica
= ; [NACL, #9668]; [POOLE]
Spodoptera pulchella, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera pulchella ; [NACL, #9668]; [POOLE]; Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 21, f. 28

Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée, 1852)
California, Texas, .... See [About maps] ornithogalli (Guenée, 1852); 163, TL: North America
Prodenia eudiopta Guenée, 1852; 164, TL: North America
= ; [NACL, #9669]; [POOLE]
Prodenia lineatella Harvey, 1875; 275, TL: Texas
= ; [NACL, #9669]; [POOLE]
Prodenia flavimedia Harvey, 1875; 274
= ; [NACL, #9669]; [POOLE]
Prodenia praefica f. eudioptoides Barnes & Benjamin, 1923; 81, TL: California, San Diego
= ; [NACL, #9669]; [POOLE]
Spodoptera ornithogalli, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera ornithogalli, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Spodoptera ornithogalli, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Spodoptera ornithogalli, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Spodoptera ornithogalli, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Spodoptera ornithogalli ; [NACL, #9669]; [POOLE]

Spodoptera latifascia (Walker, 1856)
Costa Rica - Argentina, Texas - Florida, Antilles, Dominican Republic. See [About maps] Prodeia latifascia Walker, 1856; 195, TL: Jamaica
Prodenia variolosa Walker, 1857; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 11: 722, TL: St. Domingo
= ; [NACL, #9670]; [POOLE]
Prodenia cosmioides Walker, 1858; 1678, TL: Para
= ; [NACL, #9670]; [POOLE]
Spodoptera latifascia, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera latifascia, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Prodenia variolosa ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 269
Spodoptera latifascia ; [NACL, #9670]; [POOLE]; Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 21, f. 26-27

Spodoptera dolichos (Fabricius, 1794)
NA.Georgia, Florida - Texas - Costa Rica. See [About maps] Noctua dolichos Fabricius, 1794; 95, TL: "Americae Meridionalis"
Phalaena commelinae Smith, 1797; in Smith & Abbot, Nat. Hist. Rarer Lepid. Ins. Georgia, 2: 189, pl. 95, TL: Georgia
= ; [NACL, #9671]; [POOLE]
Phalaena marmorea Sepp, [1840]; 109, pl. 51, TL: Surinam
= ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera dolichos, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera dolichos, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Spodoptera dolichos, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Prodenia commelinae ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 268
Spodoptera dolichos ; [NACL, #9671]; Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 22, f. 29

Spodoptera eridania (Stoll, 1782)
Texas, Florida, NA.Georgia, West Indies, Jamaica, Puerto Rico..., Brazil (Amazonas, Rio de Janeiro, ...). See [About maps] Phalaena eridania Stoll, 1782; 133, pl. 358, f. E, F, (index) 249
Nocua linea Fabricius, 1794; 106, TL: "Americae Meridionalis Insulis" [West Indies]
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Phalaena phytolaccae Smith, 1797; 193, pl. 97, TL: Georgia
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Xylomyges putrida Guenée, 1852; 148, TL: Guadelope
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Xylomyges amygia Guenée, 1852; Brazil, Nova Friburgo
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Leucania externa Walker, 1856; 114
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Xylina inquieta Walker, 1857; 632
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Xylina bipunctata Walker, 1857; 629, TL: Brazil
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Prodenia strigifera Walker, 1858; 1678, TL: Amazonas, Tefe
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Actinotia derupta Morrison, 1875; 62, TL: Texas
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Prodenia ignobilis Butler, 1878; Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1878 : 485, TL: Jamaica, near Kingston
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Leucania nigrofascia Hulst, 1881; 77, TL: Florida, Tallahassee
= ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]
Callierges recondita Möshcler, 1890; 140, TL: Puerto Rico
= ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera eridania, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera eridania, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Spodoptera eridania ; [NACL, #9672]; [POOLE]

Spodoptera albulum (Walker, 1857)
Dominican Republic, Honduras, .... See [About maps] Xylina albula Walker, 1857; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 11: 629, TL: Dominican Republic, St. Domingo; Honduras
Laphygma orbicularis Walker, 1857; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 11: 719 (preocc. Caradrina orbicularis Walker, [1857]), TL: St. Domingo
= Spodoptera albula ; [POOLE]
Laphygma caudata Walker, 1865; 32
= Spodoptera albula ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera albula, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera albula, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Laphygma orbicularis ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 267
Xylina albula ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 296
Spodoptera albula ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera albulum ; Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 21, f. 23
Misidentified/misapplied:
Xylomyges sunia;
Spodoptera sunia; [NACL, #9673]

Larva on Amaranthus sp.


Spodoptera hipparis (Druce, 1889)
Mexico, .... See [About maps] Heliophobus hipparis Druce, 1889; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 272, 3: pl. 26, f. 19, TL: Mexico, Durango, Milpas; Mexico City
Leucochlaena pallens Draudt, 1925; 178, pl. 26, row b
= ; [NACL, #9674]; [POOLE]
Leucochlaena hipparis f. colossa Draudt, 1924; 178, pl. 26, row a, b
= ; [NACL, #9674]; [POOLE]
Spodoptera hipparis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Leucochlaena hipparis ; [NACL, #9674]
Spodoptera hipparis ; [POOLE]

 

Spodoptera androgea (Stoll, [1782])
Panama - Surinam, Jamaica, .... See [About maps] Phalaena androgea Stoll, [1782]; REF#: 42, pl. 310, f. D, (index) 247, TL: Surinam
Prodenia rubrifusa Hampson, 1909; 240, f. 61, TL: Jamaica, Runaway Bay
= ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera androgea, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Spodoptera androgea, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Prodenia androgea ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 269
Spodoptera androgea ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera peruviana (Walker, 1865)
Peru, .... See [About maps] Laphygma peruviana Walker, 1865; 650, TL: Peru
Laphygma communicata Walker, 1869; 31, TL: Peru
= ; [POOLE]
Spodoptera peruviana ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera compta (Walker, 1869)
Peru. See [About maps] Laphygma compta Walker, 1869; 30, TL: Peru, Lima
Spodoptera compta ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera evanida Schaus, 1914
French Guiana. See [About maps] Spodoptera evanida Schaus, 1914; 490, TL: French Guiana, Cayenne
Spodoptera evanida ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera excelsa Rougeot & Laporte, 1983
Ethiopia. See [About maps] Spodoptera excelsa Rougeot & Laporte, 1983; 230, f. 14, TL: Ethiopia, Semyen, Sankabar
Spodoptera excelsa ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera marima (Schaus, 1904)
Brazil (Parana, ...). See [About maps] Prodenia marima Schaus, 1904; 150, TL: Parana, Castro
Spodoptera marima ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera ochrea (Hampson, 1909)
Peru, .... See [About maps] Xylomyges ochrea Hampson, 1909; 273, pl. 129, f. 1, TL: Peru, Callao
Spodoptera ochrea ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera roseae (Schaus, 1923)
Galapagos Trachea roseae Schaus, 1923; 33, f. 4, TL: Galapagos, Indefatigable, Conway Bay
Spodoptera roseae ; [POOLE]

 

Spodoptera abyssinia Guenée, 1852
Ethiopia, South Africa. See [About maps] Spodoptera abyssinia Guenée, 1852; 154, pl. 6, f. 6, TL: Abyssinie
Spodoptera excisa Herrich-Schäffer, [1854]; pl. 27, f. 129, TL: [Cape Province] Vom Cap.
= ; [POOLE]
Atriathisa atrosignata Walker, 1865; 747, TL: Natal
= ; [POOLE]
Ariathisa abyssinia, African Moths [AFM]
Ariathisa abyssinia ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera angulata (Gaede, 1935)
Cameroon, .... See [About maps] Ariathisa angulata Gaede, 1935; 84, pl. 9, row i, TL: Cameroon
Ariathisa angulata ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera fasciculata (Berio, 1973)
Eritrea, ... Ariathisa fasciculata Berio, 1973; 141, f. 47, TL: Eritrea, Tessenei
Ariathisa fasciculata ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera semiluna (Hampson, 1909)
Uganda, .... See [About maps] Nitocris semiluna Hampson, 1909; pl. 4, f. 13, TL: Uganda, Ruwenzori
Ariathisa semiluna ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera teferii Laporte, 194
Ethiopia, .... See [About maps] Spodoptera teferii Laporte, 194; 29, pl. 8, f. 96, TL: Ethiopia, Koffole region
Spodoptera teferii ; [POOLE]

Spodoptera triturata (Walker, [1857])
Sierra Leone, .... See [About maps] Caradrina triturata Walker, [1857]; 295, TL: Sierra Leone
Spodoptera triturata, African Moths [AFM]
Spodoptera triturata ; [POOLE]


26.2.2013 (37)

References:
[AFM]
African Moths
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[AUCL]
Nielsen & Rangsi, 1996; Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia; CSIRO, Australia
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[Dylan Lloyd]
Hafanedd, Deiniol Rd., Bangor, Wales, U.K., LL57 2UP; e-mail: Dylan Lloyd
[FE]
Fauna Europaea; Fauna Europaea
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MOB12]
Holloway, 1989; The Moths of Bornee, Part 12; Family Noctuidae, trifine subfamilies: Noctuinae, Heliothina, Hadeninae, Acronictinae, Amphipyrinae, Agaristinae
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NE9]
Fibiger & Hacker, 2007; Noctuidae Europaeae 9: 410pp; Amphipyrinae, Condicinae, Eriopinae, Xyleninae (Part)
[NOCTS]
Noctuid Search; An Interactive Key to Identify the Noctuidae of North America; e-mail: Thomas D. Eichlin; e-mail: Scott A. Kinnee; Dennis E. Mayhew; Ronald E. Somerby; Charles S. Papp
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[Olli Vesikko]
http://koti.welho.com/ovesikko/
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[POOLE]
Poole, 1989; Lepidopterorum catalogus (n.s.) 118 - Noctuidae
[Pierre Zagatti]
WWW pages; Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the French Antilles; e-mail: Pierre Zagatti
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)


Some related literature:
Becker & Miller, 2002
The large moths of Guana Island, British Virgin Islands: a survey of efficient colonizers J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 9-44
Boisduval, 1833
[Mémoire sur les Lépidoptères de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice] Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (2) : 149-270
Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Cinquiéme. Noctuélites. Tome 1 Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 1-407, Atlas (Noctuelites): pl. 1-24 (1858)
Brown & Dewhurst, 1975
The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East Bul. Ent. Res. 65: 221-262, 3pls
Butler, 1878
On a small collection of Lepidoptera from Jamaica Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1878 : 480-495
Butler, 1884
The Lepidoptera collected by Herr Palisa at Caroline Island in May, 1883 Mem. Nat. Acad. Sci. 2: 93-96
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Fabricius, 1781
Species Insectorum Exhibentes Eorum Differentia Specifica, Synonyma Auctorum, Loca Natalia, Metamorphosin Adiectis, Observationibus, Descriptionibus. Tom II Spec. Ins. 2 : 1-494 (1781), : 495-514 (appendix), 515-517 (index) ([1782])
Freyer, 1845
Neuere Beiträge zur Schmetterlingskunde mit Abbildungen nach der Natur. (65-80) Neuere Beitr. Schmett. 5 : 1-40 (1842), : 41-92 (1844), : 93-164 (1845)
Druce in Godman & Salvin, 1889; Godman & Salvin, 1889
Biologia Centrali-Americana; or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna of Mexico and Central America. Zoology. Lepidoptera. Heterocera Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 1-490, 3: pl. 1-101
Guérin-Méneville, [1838]
Crustacés, arachnides et insectes. 319pp, 22pls [lepidoptera 271-286] Voyage Coquille, 2 (2) : pl. 13-17 (1830), : pl. 14bis (1831), : pl. 18-19 (1831), : 271-286, 316-319 [index?] (1838)
Hampson, 1895
Descriptions of New Heterocera from India Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1895 (2) : 277-315, 16fgs
Hampson, 1896
The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma Fauna Br. India (Moths) 4 : ix-xxviii, : 1-594
Hampson, 1902
The moths of South Africa (Part I & II) Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 2 (3): 33-66 (1900), (10): 255-446 (1902)
Harvey, 1876
New Californian and Texas moths Can. Ent. 8 (2): 35-38, (3): 52-56
Holloway, 1979
A survey of the Lepidoptera, Biogeography and Ecology of New Caledonia Series Entom. 15: 588pp, 153fgs, 87pls
Möschler, 1886
Beiträge zur Schmetterlings-Fauna von Jamaica Abh. senckenb. nat. Ges. 14 (3) : 25-87, f. 1-30
Rothschild, 1915
Lepidoptera of the M'Zab country, south Algeria, collected by Dr Ernest Hartert and Carl Hilgert in 1914 Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 228-243
Swinhoe, 1901
New Genera and Species of Eastern and Australian Moths Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 7 (41): 463-473, (42): 489-501
Walker, 1856; Walker, 1857; Walker, 1858
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 9: 1-252 (1856), 10: 253-492 ([1857]), 11: 493-764 (1857), 12: 765-982 ([1858]), 13: 983-1236 ([1858]), 14: 1237-1520 (1858), 15: 1521-1888 (1858)
Walker, 1862
Catalogue of the Heterocerous Lepidopterous Insects collected at Sarawak, in Borneo, by Mr. A. R. Wallace, with Descriptions of New Species J. Proc. Linn. Soc. (Zool.) 6 : 82-145, 171-198
Walker, 1865
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 31: 1-322 ([1865]), 32: 323-706 (1865), 33: 707-1120 (1865), 34: 1121-1534 ([1866]), 35: 1535-2040 (1866)
Zeller, 1847
Bemerkungen über die auf einer Reise Nach Italien und Sicilien Beobachteten Schmetterlingsarten Isis von Oken 1847 (2): 121-159, (3): 213-233, (4): 284-308, (6): 401-457, (7): 481-522, (8): 561-594, (9): 641-673, (10): 721-771, (11): 801-859, (12): 881-914


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.