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Xestia Hübner, 1818
Xestia Hübner, 1818; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 16, TS: Noctua ochreago Hübner
Amathes Hübner, [1821]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (14): 222, TS: Noctua baja Denis & Schiffermüller
= ; [NACL, 156]; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3: 101]; [NE3, 175]
Megasema Hübner, [1821]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (14): 222, TS: Phalaena triangulum Hufnagel
= ; [NACL, 156]; [POOLE]; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 101]
Lytaea Stephens, 1829; Ill. Br. Ent. (Haustellata) 2 (2): 107, TS: Noctua umbrosa Hübner
= ; [NACL, 156]; [POOLE]; [NE2, 134]; ::MNA27.3: 101
Segetia Stephens, 1829; Ill. Br. Ent. (Haustellata) 2 (2): 153, TS: Noctua xanthographa Denis & Schiffermüller
= ; [NACL, 156]; [POOLE]; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 101]
Pachnobia Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 341, TS: Noctua tecta Hübner (missid. Pachnobia carnea, Thunberg)
= ; [POOLE]; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 101]
Hiptelia Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 399, TS: Noctua ochreago Hübner
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 134]; [MNA27.3: 101]
Anomogyna Staudinger, 1871; in Staudinger & Wocke, Cat. Lepid. eur. Faunegeb. (Edn. 2) : 110, TS: Hadena laetabilis Zetterstedt
= ; [POOLE]; [NE3, 174]; [MNA27.3: 101]
Anepilecta Warren; , TS: accipiter Felder & Rogenhofer
= ; [MOB8, 68]
Pteroscia Morrison, 1875; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 17 : 155, TS: Pteroscia atrata Moore
= Anomogyna ; [NACL, 156]
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 134]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Agrotiphila Grote, 1876; Ann. Lyc. nat. Hist. N.Y. 11 : 108, TS: Agrotiphila colorado Smith
= ; [MOB12, 68]; [POOLE]; [NE2, 134]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Schoyenia Aurivillius, 1883; Ent. Tidskr. 4 : 191, TS: Schoyenia arctica Aurivillius
= ; [POOLE]; [NE3, 174]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Platagrotis Smith, 1890; Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 38 : 43, TS: Noctua speciosa Hübner
= Anomogyna ; [NACL, 156]
= ; [POOLE]; [NE3, 174]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Raddea Alphéraky, 1892; Horae Soc. ent. ross. 26 (3-4) : 450, TS: Raddea digna Alphéraky
= ; [MNA27.3: 102]
Hyptioxesta Rebel, 1901; in Staudinger & Rebel, Cat. Lep. palaearct. Faunengeb. 1 : 231, TS: Erastria penthima Erschoff
= ; [MNA27.3: 102]
Lena Herz, 1903; Öfvers. finska Vetensk.Soc. Förh. 45 (15) : 9 (preocc. Lena Casey, 1886 (Coleoptera)), TS: Lena poppiusi Herz
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 134]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Hypoxestia Hampson, 1903; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 4: 600, TS: Mesogona dilatata Butler
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 134]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Barrovia Barnes & McDunnough, 1916; Can. Ent. 48 (8) : 291, TS: Psychophora fasciata Skinner
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 134]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Estimata Kozhanchikov, 1923; Revue Russe Ent. 22: 94, TS: Estimata herrichschaefferi Alphéraky
= ; [MNA27.3: 102]; [MOB8, 68]
Archanarta Barnes & Benjamin, 1929; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 24 : 173, TS: Noctua quieta Hübner
= ; [POOLE]; [NE3, 174]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Epipsiliamorpha Barnes & Benjamin, 1929; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 24 : 173, TS: Agrotis alaskae Grote
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 134]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Agrotimorpha Barnes & Benjamin, 1929; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 24 : 174, TS: Agrotis staudinger Möschler
= Agrotiphila ; [NACL, 156]
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 134]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Hemigraphiphora McDunnough, [1929]; Nat. Mus. Canada, Bull. 55: 69, TS: Noctua plebeia Smith
= ; [MNA27.3: 102]
Palaeamathes Boursin, 1954; Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 5 (3-4): 271, TS: Palaeamathes hoenei Boursin
= ; [MNA27.3: 102]
Paramathes Boursin, 1954; Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 5 (3-4): 276, TS: Agrotis perigrapha Püngeler
= ; [MNA27.3: 102]
Erebophasma Boursin, 1963; Forsch. Nordrhein-Westfalen 1170: 73, TS: Erebophasma haematina Boursin
= ; [MNA27.3: 102]
Knappia Nye, 1975; Gen. Names Moths World 1: 265 (repl. Lena Herz, 1903), TS: Lena poppiusi Herz
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3: 102]
Synanomogyna Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 81, TS: Agrotis speciosa var. rhaetica Staudinger
= ; [NE3, 174]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Peranomogyna Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 81, TS: Agrotis gelida Sparre-Schneider
= ; [NE3, 174]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Calamogyna Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 81, TS: Agrotis sincera Herrich-Schäffer
= ; [NE3, 174]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Ericathia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 83, TS: Noctua agathina Duponchel
= ; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Lankialaia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 85, TS: Agrotiphila lyngei Rebel
= ; [NE3, 174]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Xenopachnobia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Hadena alpicola Zetterstedt
= ; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Lorezia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Hiptelia? lorezi Staudinger
= ; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Monticollia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Noctua collina Boisduval
= ; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Ashworthia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Agrotis ashworthii Doubleday
= ; [MNA27.3: 103]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Cenigria Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Phalaena c-nigrum Linnaeus
= ; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Megarhomba Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 87, TS: Phalaena rhomboidea Esper
= ; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Castanasta Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 87, TS: Phalaena castanea Esper
= ; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Caloxestia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 87, TS: Noctua trifida Fischer von Waldheim
= ; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 103]
Palkermes Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 87, TS: Noctua kermesina Mabille
= ; [NE3, 175]; [MNA27.3: 103]

Anomacyna ; Benjamin, 1933, (missp.)
Anomogyna (Noctuini) ; [NACL, 156]
Agrotiphila (Noctuini) ; [NACL, 156]
Archanarta (Noctuini) ; [NACL, 156]
Barrovia (Noctuini) ; [NACL, 156]
Epipsiliamorpha (Noctuini) ; [NACL, 156]
Hemigraphiphora (Noctuini) ; [NACL, 157]
Pachnobia (Noctuini) ; [NACL, 156]
Xestia (Noctuinae) ; [POOLE]
Xestia ; [NE2, 134]; [NE3, 174]
Xestia (Noctuini) ; [NACL, 156]; [MNA27.3: 102]

about 180spp [NE2, 134]


Subgenus Xestia Hübner, 1818
Xestia Hübner, 1818; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 16, TS: Noctua ochreago Hübner
Amathes Hübner, [1821]; , TS: Noctua baja [Schiffermüller]
Lytaea Stephens, 1829; , TS: Noctua umbrosa Hübner
Segetia Stephens, 1829; , TS: Noctua xanthographa [Schiffermüller]
Hiptelia Guenée, 1852; , TS: Noctua ochreago Hübner
Hypoxestia Hampson, 1903; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 4: 600, TS: Mesogona dilatata Butler
Hemigraphiphora McDunnough, [1929]; Nat. Mus. Canada, Bull. 55: 69, TS: Noctua plebeia Smith
Palaeamathes Boursin, 1954; Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 5 (3-4): 271, TS: Palaeamathes hoenei Boursin
Paramathes Boursin, 1954; Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 5 (3-4): 276, TS: Agrotis perigrapha Püngeler
Ericathia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 83, TS: Noctua agathina Duponchel
Monticollia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Noctua collina Boisduval
Castanasta Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 87, TS: Phalaena castanea Esper
Caloxestia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 87, TS: Noctua trifida Fischer von Waldheim
Palkermses Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 87, TS: Noctua kermesina Mabille
Xestia ; [NE2, 165]; [NE3, 191]; [MNA27.3: 112]

The baja species-group
baja ; [NE3, 191]; [MNA27.3: 112]
xanthographa ; [NE3, 192]

Xestia kermesina (Mabille, 1869)
Corsica, Spain, Marocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya. See [About maps] Noctua kermesina Mabille, 1869; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (4) 9 : 55, pl. 2, f. 10, TL: Corsica, near Bocognagno
Lycophotia cermesina Hampson, 1903; 526 (emend.)
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 177]
grisea Fernández, 1908
= ; [NE2, 177]
albida Ribbe, 1912
= pallida ; [NE2, 177]
selinoides Ribbe, 1912
= ; [NE2, 177]
darroensis Ribbe, 1912
= selinoides (Ribbe, 1912);
Caradrina flavida Oberthür, 1918; 57, TL: Algeria, Maafa; Lambese; Guelt-Es-Stel
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 177]
Athetis astigmata Rothschild, 1914; 336, TL: Algeria, Guelt-Es-Stel
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 177]
Caradrina flavida var. delectans Oberthür, 1918; 58, pl. 491, f. 4056-4057, TL: Guelt-Es-Stel; Lambese
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 177]
Caradrina suavis Oberthür, 1918; 56, pl. 491, f. 4055, TL: Lambese
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 177]
Caradrina divitefimbriata Oberthür, 1918; 58, pl. 491, f. 4058, TL: Aflou
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 177]
Rhyacia uclesina Fernández, 1918; 161, TL: Spain
= ; [NE2, 177]
Monima sylvicola Turati, 1930; 59, TL: Cirenaica, Ain Mara [Libya]
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 177]
f. viridibrunnea Bytinski-Salz, 1937
= ; [NE2, 177]
Rhyacia (of authors) uclesina ; [POOLE]
Xestia kermesina ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) kermesina ; [NE2: 177, pl. 9, f. 38-41, pl. 11, f. 44-45]; [NE3: 196, f. 104]; [MNA27.3, 112 (note)]
X. k. virescens Turati, 1912
Agrotis kermesina f. virescens Turati, 1912; 305, TL: Sardinia, Monte Cugnada
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]
Xestia kermesina f. virescens ; [NE2: pl. 11, f. 44-45]
Xestia (Xestia) kermesina virescens ; [NE3, 196]

fiXestia xanthographa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, EU, Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Armenia, C.Asia, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Syria, Iraq, Iran, introduced(British Columbia, Washington, W.Oregon). See [About maps] Ketomaayökkönen Square-spot Rustic
Noctua xanthographa Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 83, TL: Vienna region
Noctua tetragona Haworth, 1809; Lepid. Britannica (2): 205, TL: Great Britain
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 113]
Agrotis budensis Freyer, 1838; Neuere Beitr. Schmett. 3 : 56, pl. 232, f. 1, TL: Ofen [Switzerland]
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 113]
Agrotis xanthographa var. elutior Alphéraky, 1887; Stettin Ent. Ztg 48 (4-6) : 168, TL: Taschkent
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 113]
Agrotis xanthographa ab. unicolor Failla, 1888; Nat. Siciliano 7: 271, TL: Sicily, Italy
= ; [MNA27.3, 113]
Noctua xanthographa var. rufescens Tutt, 1892; Br. Noct. Var. 2: 125, TL: Great Britain
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 113]
Noctua xanthographa var. rufa Tutt, 1892; Br. Noct. Var. 2: 125, TL: Great Britain
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 113]
Noctua xanthographa var. obscura Tutt, 1892; Br. Noct. Var. 2: 125, TL: Great Britain
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 113]
Noctua xanthographa var. nigra Tutt, 1892; Br. Noct. Var. 2: 125, TL: Great Britain
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 113]
Noctua xanthographa f. obsoletarufa Tutt, 1892; Br. Noct. Var. 2: 126, TL: Great Britain
= ; [MNA27.3, 113]
Noctua xanthographa f. obsoletaobscura Tutt, 1892; Br. Noct. Var. 2: 126, TL: Great Britain
= ; [MNA27.3, 113]
Noctua xanthographa f. obsoletanigra Tutt, 1892; Br. Noct. Var. 2: 126, TL: Great Britain
= ; [MNA27.3, 113]
funerea Gauckler, 1901
= ; [NE2, 173]
Noctua trumani Smith, 1903; Can. Ent. 35 (5) : 128, TL: South Dakota, Volga
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 113]
Episilia praecipuina Rothschild, 1914; Novit. Zool. 21: 321, TL: Algeria, Guelt-Es-Stel
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Agrotis xanthographa almohada Wagner, 1918; Zs. Öst. Ent.-Ver. 3: 43, TL: Andalusia
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Epipsilia faroulti Rothschild, 1920; 116, TL: El Mahouna [Algeria]
= ; [POOLE]
Agrotis lepida Constantini, 1922; Neue Beitr. Syst. Ins. 2: 97, TL: Italy
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Agrotis xanthographa f. astixis Dannehl, 1925; Ent. Z. 39 : 123, TL: South Tirol
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Agrotis xanthographa f. xanthostatis Dannehl, 1925; Ent. Z. 39 : 123, TL: South Tirol
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Rhyacia algirica Corti & Draudt, 1933; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde, Suppl. 3: 78, pl. 11 row l, TL: Lambessa
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Agrotis xanthographa ab. margineornata Dannehl, 1933; Ent. Z. 46: 247, TL: Bolzano
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa f. signata Lempke, 1939; Tijdschr. Ent. 82 : 249, TL: Apeldoorn, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa ab. alba Cockayne, 1944; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 56 : 53, TL: Bedford Purlieus, Great Britain
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa ab. pallidior Cockayne, 1946; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 58 (6): 73, (7-8): pl. 1, f. 3, TL: North Shoeburyness, Essex, Great Britain
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa ab. semifasciata Richardson, 1958; Entomologist's Gaz. 9: 129, pl. 9, f. 10, TL: Tresco, Isles os Scilly, Cornwall, Great Britain
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa f. diluta Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 220, TL: Beemster, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa f. brunnea Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 221, TL: Simpleveld, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa f. bicolor Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 221, TL: Wageningen, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa f. cinerascens Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 221, TL: Numasdorp, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa f. juncta Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 221, TL: Utrecht, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Amathes xanthographa f. semiconfluens Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 221, TL: Aerdenhout, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Agrotis xanthographa ab. homanni Koutsaftikis, 1976; Ann. Museo Goulandris 1: 202, TL: Tharos, Skala Primos
= ; [NE2, 173]; [MNA27.3, 114]
Xestia xanthographa, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia xanthographa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia xanthographa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia xanthographa, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia xanthographa, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia xanthographa, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia trumani ; [NACL, #10945]; [POOLE]
Xestia xanthographa ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) xanthographa ; [NE2: 173, pl. 9, f. 22-26, 29]; [NE3, 196]; [MNA27.3, 113]
[xanthographa-1.jpg] 671x706 (~112Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.8.2010 (36°25'E, 56°23'N), Photo © D. Smirnov [xanthographa.jpg] 500x502 (~35Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 15-20.8.1976, Markku Savela leg.;Al: Mariehamn, f 6-9.8.1970, M. Landtman leg.

Flight from end of July to beginning of September.

Larva on Galium verum



Xestia cohaesa (Herrich-Schäffer, [1849])
-. See [About maps] Caradrina cohaesa Herrich-Schäffer, [1849]; Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 2 (37): 209, (11): (ix) pl. 20, f. 95-97, TL: Southern Europe
Xestia cohaesa ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) cohaesa ; [NE3, 197]; [MNA27.3, 112 (note)]
Italy, Greece - Bulgaria, Turkey, Transcaucasia, Lebanon, Israel, Iraq, Iran Lycophotia pulverea Hampson, 1903; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 4: xx, 567, 5: pl. 78, f. 7, TL: Cyprus
= Xestia cohaesa ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE3, 197]
Xestia (Xestia) cohaesa cohaesa ; [NE2: 175, pl. 9, f. 30-35]
X. c. lineata Fibiger, 1997
Ukraine, Crimea, Caucasus, Turkmenistan Xestia (Xestia) cohaesa lineata Fibiger, 1997; Noctuidae Europaeae, 3 (Noctuinae III): 197, TL: Crimea, Kertsh
Misidentified/misapplied:
Xestia (Xestia) cohaesa pulverea; [NE2: 176, pl. 11, f. 28-29]

Xestia palaestinensis (Kalchberg, 1897)
Greece, S.Turkey, Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Iraq, Iran. See [About maps] Agrotis xanthographa palaestinensis Kalchberg, 1897; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 10 : 168, TL: Haifa
Xestia palaestinensis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) palaestinensis ; [NE2: 176, pl. 9, f. 36-37]; [NE3, 197]; [MNA27.3, 112 (note)]; [NE12, 177, pl. 12, f. 57-58]

Xestia tabida (Butler, 1878)
Taeniocampa tabida Butler, 1878; 166, TL: Yokohama
Hypoxestia ohtaniensis Matsumura, 1925; 144, pl. 8, f. 6, TL: Sakhalin, Ichinosawa; Ohtani; Sakayehama; Nyiwo
= ; [POOLE]
Hypoxestia sachalinensis Matsumura, 1925; 144, pl. 9, f. 1 (preocc.), TL: Sakhalin, Ichinosawa
= ; [POOLE]
Hypoxestia sachalinensis rikovskensis Matsumura, 1925; 145, pl. 9, f. 17, TL: Sakhalin, Rikvskoie
= ; [POOLE]
Agrotis baja f. cinigera Filipjev, 1927; 237, TL: Ussuri region, Sidemi
= ; [POOLE]
Diarsia baja chosenbaja Bryk, 1949; 68, TL: Korea, Chidisan
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia tabida ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) tabida ; [MNA27.3, 112 (note)]

fiXestia baja (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
EU, Turkey, N.Iran, Transcaucasia, Caucasus, C.Asia, Siberia - Ussuri, Mongolia, Tibet, China, Korea, Japan. See [About maps] Pilkkumaayökkönen Dotted Clay
Noctua baja Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 77, TL: Vienna region
Agrotis baja var. punctata Aurivillius, 1888; 115, TL: Lapland
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 165]
f. coerulescens Tutt, 1892
= ; [NE2, 165]
f. grisea Tutt, 1892
= ; [NE2, 165]
f. purpurea Tutt, 1892
= ; [NE2, 165]
immaculata Hoffman, 1910
= ; [NE2, 165]
f. brevipennis Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 165]
f. centrifasciata Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 165]
f. juncta Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 165]
f. nictitans Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 165]
Xestia baja, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia baja, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia baja, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia baja ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) baja ; [NE2: 165, pl. 9, f. 1-3]; [NE3, 192]; [MNA27.3, 112 (note)]
[baja-1a.jpg] 654x705 (~106Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.8.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [baja-1b.jpg] 595x722 (~100Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 13.8.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [baja-2.jpg] 802x678 (~95Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 21.7.2010 (36°25'E, 56°23'N), Photo © D. Smirnov
[baja.jpg] 500x515 (~39Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 22-27.7.1979, f 22.7.1977, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from first half of July to beginning of September.

Larva on Betula sp., Betula verrucosa, Rubus idaeus, Salix phylicifolia, Vaccinium myrtillus, Antirrhinum majus, Rheum rhaponticum


X. b. bajula (Staudinger, 1881)
C.Asia - Ussuri? Agrotis baja var. bajula Staudinger, 1881; 411, TL: Lepsa
= Xestia baja ; [POOLE]
Xestia baja bajula ; [NE2, 165 (note)]

Xestia smithii (Snellen, 1896)
Alaska - British Columbia, W.Canada, E.Canada, N.USA, Appalachians, Washington - N.California, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona. See [About maps] Agrotis smithii Snellen, 1896; Tijdschr. Ent. 39 : 157, TL: North America
= Xestia baja ; [NE2, 165]
Xestia smithii, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia smithii, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia smithii, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia smithii, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Xestia smithii ; [NACL, #10944]; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) smithii ; [MNA27.3, 115]

Xestia normaniana (Grote, 1874)
Nova Scotia - W.Alberta, NE.USA - North Carolina, Kentucky, South Dakota. See [About maps] Agrotis normanianus Grote, 1874; Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 5 : 89, TL: New York
triangulum var. A (Guenée, 1852)
= ; [NACL, #10943]
Agrotis obtusa Speyer, 1875; 124, TL: New York
= Xestia normanianus ; [POOLE]
= ; [NACL, #10943]
Xestia normanianus, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia normaniana, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia normaniana, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia normaniana ; [NACL, #10943]
Xestia normanianus ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) normaniana ; [MNA27.3, 116]
Misidentified/misapplied:
triangulum; Grote, 1874

Xestia fuscostigma (Bremer, 1861)
SE.Siberia, Japan. See [About maps] Noctua fuscostigma Bremer, 1861; 487, TL: [SE.Siberia] Kengka-See
Graphiphora lubentia Butler, 1879; 362, TL: Japan, near Yokohama
= ; [POOLE]
Noctua hysgina Oberthür, 1880; 76, pl. 7, f. 8, TL: Askold
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia fuscostigma ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) fuscostigma ; [MNA27.3, 112 (note)]

Xestia conchis (Grote, 1879)
Colorado, Utah. See [About maps] Agrotis conchis Grote, 1879; North Amer. Ent. 1 (6): 43, TL: Idaho Springs, Colorado
Xestia conchis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia conchis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia conchis, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Xestia conchis ; [NACL, #10946]; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) conchis ; [MNA27.3, 117]

Xestia oblata (Morrison, 1875)
Quebec, Newfoundland - Yukon, British Columbia - N.California, Utah, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, New England, Michigan, Wisconsin. See [About maps] Agrotis oblata Morrison, 1875; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 18 : 116, TL: Anticosti Island, Quebec
Agrotis hilliana Harvey, 1878; Can. Ent. 10 (3) : 55, TL: New York
= ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10947]; [MNA27.3, 118]
Triphaena oblata r. streckeri Barnes & Benjamin, 1927; 4, TL: California, Tuolumne Co., Tuolumne Meadows
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 118]
Xestia oblata, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia oblata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia oblata, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia oblata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia oblata streckeri ; [NACL, #10947a]
Xestia oblata ; [NACL, #10947]; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) oblata ; [MNA27.3, 117]

Xestia rosifunda (Dyar, 1916)
Mexico. See [About maps] Agrotis rosifunda Dyar, 1916; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 51 (2139) : 9, TL: Mexico, Hidalgo, Guerrero Mill
Xestia rosifunda ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) rosifunda ; [MNA27.3, 118]

The cinerascens species-group
cinerascens ; [MNA27.3, 119]

Xestia cinerascens (Smith, 1891)
Washington - California, Montana, Idaho. See [About maps] Pachnobia cinerascens Smith, 1891; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 18 : 103, TL: California, Alameda Co.
Xestia cinerascens, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia cinerascens, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia cinerascens, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia cinerascens ; [NACL, #10949]; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) cinerascens ; [MNA27.3, 119]

The plebeia species-group
plebeia ; [MNA27.3, 119]

Xestia plebeia (Smith, 1898)
S.Alberta, British Columbia - California, Montana, Utah, Colorado. See [About maps] Noctua plebeia Smith, 1898; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 6 : 105, TL: Vancouver, British Columbia
Triphaena plebeia r. bajoides Barnes & Benjamin, 1929; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 24 : 178, TL: Plumas Co., California
= ; [MNA27.3, 120]
Xestia plebeia, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia plebeia, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia plebeia, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Hemigraphiphora plebeia, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Hemigraphiphora plebeia, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Hemigraphiphora plebeia bajoides ; [NACL, #11011a]
Hemigraphiphora plebeia ; [NACL, #11011]
Xestia (Xestia) plebeia ; [MNA27.3, 120]

The mustelina species-group
mustelina ; [MNA27.3, 120]

Xestia mustelina (Smith, 1900)
S.British Columbia - California, Idaho. See [About maps] Hadena mustelina Smith, 1900; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22 (1203) : 469, TL: California, Santa Cruz Mtns
Aplectoides occidens Hampson, 1913; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 12 (72) : 588, TL: British Columbia, Sicamous
= ; [NACL, #10971]; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 121]
Xestia mustelina, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia mustelina, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia mustelina, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna mustelina ; [NACL, #10971]
Xestia mustelina ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) mustelina ; [MNA27.3, 121]

The vernilis species-group
vernilis ; [MNA27.3, 121]

Xestia vernilis (Grote, 1879)
Rocky Mountains (S.Alberta, Montana, Idado, Utah, Colorado), N.New Mexico, Arizona. See [About maps] Agrotis vernilis Grote, 1879; Can. Ent. 11 (3) : 57, TL: Colorado
Xestia vernilis, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia vernilis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia vernilis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna vernilis ; [NACL, #10973]
Xestia vernilis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) vernilis ; [MNA27.3, 122]

Xestia verniloides Lafontaine, 1998
S.British Columbia. See [About maps] Xestia (Xestia) verniloides Lafontaine, 1998; Moths Am. N of Mexico 27.3 [MNA27.3]: 122, pl. 3, f. 5-6, TL: Squamish, British Columbia
Xestia verniloides, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia verniloides, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia verniloides, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]

Xestia infimatis (Grote, 1880)
S.British Columbia - California, W.Montana. See [About maps] Agrotis infimatis Grote, 1880; North Amer. Ent. 1 (11): 93, TL: California, Havilah
Setagrotis filiis Smith, 1907; Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 33 : 127, TL: Washington, Pullman
= Anomogyna vernilis ; [NACL, #10973]
= Xestia vernilis ; [POOLE]
= ; [MNA27.3, 124]
Setagrotis dernarius Smith, 1907; Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 33 : 128, TL: Washington, Easton
= ; [NACL, #10972]; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 124]
Xestia infimatis, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia infimatis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia infimatis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna infimatis ; [NACL, #10972]
Xestia infimatis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) infimatis ; [MNA27.3, 124]

Xestia finatimis Lafontaine, 1998
S.British Columbia - California. See [About maps] Xestia (Xestia) finatimis Lafontaine, 1998; Moths Am. N of Mexico 27.3 [MNA27.3]: 124, pl. 3, f. 10-14, TL: Frissell Point, Lane Co., Oregon
Xestia finatimis, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]

The elimata species-group
elimata ; [MNA27.3, 126]

Xestia elimata (Guenée, 1852)
S.Maine - N.Florida. See [About maps] Noctua elimata Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 333, TL: Georgia
Semiophora grisatra Smith, 1907; Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 33 : 125, TL: New Jersey, Lakehurst
= ; [NACL, #10967]; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 127]
Xestia elimata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia elimata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna elimata ; [NACL, #10967]
Xestia elimata ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) elimata ; [MNA27.3, 127]

Xestia badicollis (Grote, 1873)
Newfoundand - Wisconsin, Massachusetts, N.West Virginia, Ohio, New York. See [About maps] Ammoconia badicollis Grote, 1873; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 1 : 136, pl. 4, f. 18, TL: New York, Albany
Xestia badicollis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia badicollis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna badicollis ; [NACL, #10968]
Xestia badicollis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) badicollis ; [MNA27.3, 128]

Xestia praevia Lafontaine, 1998
S.Canada, Massachusetts, Michigan, Wisconsin, West Virginia, North Carolina. See [About maps] Xestia (Xestia) praevia Lafontaine, 1998; Moths Am. N of Mexico 27.3 [MNA27.3]: 128, pl. 3, f. 19-21, TL: Smooth Rock Falls, Ontario
Xestia praevia, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia praevia, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia praevia, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia praevia, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]

Larva on Pinus banksiana, P. contorta, P. resinosa, Picea glauca, P. mariana, Abies balsamea, Larix laricina, Tsuga canadensis [MNA27.3, 129]


Xestia dilucida (Morrison, 1875)
Maine - FLorida, SE.Texas, Ohio. See [About maps] Agrotis dilucida Morrison, 1875; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 27 : 55, TL: New Hamsphire, Milford
Agrotis janualis Grote, 1878; Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv. 4 : 169, TL: New York, Albany
= ; [NACL, #10969]; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 129]
Xestia dilucida, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia dilucida, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna dilucida ; [NACL, #10969]
Xestia dilucida ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) dilucida ; [MNA27.3, 129]

Xestia youngii (Smith, 1902)
Newfoundland - Quebec, Ontario - New Jersey, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York - South Carolina. See [About maps] Semiophora youngii Smith, 1902; Can. Ent. 34 (2) : 29, TL: Ontario, Ottawa
Semiophora atoma Smith, 1907; Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 33 : 126, TL: New Jersey, Lakehurst
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 130]
Xestia youngii, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna youngii atoma ; [NACL, #10970a]
Anomogyna youngii ; [NACL, #10970]
Xestia (Xestia) youngii ; [MNA27.3, 130]
Xestia youngii ; [POOLE]

The rhomboidea species-group
rhomboidea ; [NE3, 192]

Xestia sareptana (Herrich-Schäffer, [1851])
Sarepta, Turkey, Lebanon, Transcaucasia, Armenia, NW.Iran, SW.Iran. See [About maps] Noctua sareptana Herrich-Schäffer, [1851]; Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 2 (47): 359, (50): (ix) pl. 107, f. 546, TL: Sarepta
Rhyacia (Diarsia) iobaphes Boursin, 1936; 225, TL: Libya, near Djebel Sannin, Shwir
= ; [NE2, 166]
Rhyacia (Diarsia) iobaphes Boursin, 1940; 496, pl. 9, f. 39, TL: Libya, near Djebel Sannin, Shwir
Xestia iobaphes ; [POOLE]
Xestia sareptana ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) sareptana ; [NE2: 166, pl. 9, f. 4]; [NE3, 192]; [NE12, 177, pl. 12, f. 50-51]

Xestia rhomboidea (Esper, 1790)
CEU, SEU, Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Kasakhstan, N.Turkey, N.Iran. See [About maps] Phalaena (Noctua) rhomboidea Esper, 1790; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 1 (40): pl. 149, f. 3 (Noct. 70), TL: Schwaben, Unteressendort
Phalaena (Noctua) rhomboidea Esper, [1803]; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 2 (Abs. 1) (51): 485
Noctua stigmatica Hübner, [1813]; pl. 100, f. 470-471, TL: Europe
= ; [NE2, 167]; [POOLE]
f. tristigma Stephens, 1829; Ill. Br. Ent. (Haustellata) 2 (2): 132
= ; [NE2, 167]
Agrotis stigmatica f. stigmatula Hartig, 1924; 45, TL: South Tirol
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 167]
tristigma Stephan, 1930
= ; [NE2, 167]
pallida Turner, 1939
= ; [NE2, 167]
Xestia rhomboidea, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia rhomboidea, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia rhomboidea, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia rhomboidea ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) rhomboidea ; [NE2: 167, pl. 9, f. 5-6]; [NE3, 193]

The trifida species-group
trifida ; [NE3, 192, 193]

Xestia trifida (Fischer von Waldheim, 1820)
-. See [About maps] Noctua trifida Fischer von Waldheim, 1820; Entomographia Imp. ross., 1: 200, pl. 5, f. 6, TL: Sarepta
Xestia trifida ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) trifida ; [NE3, 193]
Turkey, Crimea, SW.Russia Agrotis rogneda Staudinger, 1870; 113, TL: Crimea
= Xestia trifida ; [POOLE]
Xestia trifida trifida; [NE2, 168]
Phleboeis rogneda var. atra Bang-Haas, 1912; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 26 (3): 143, TL: Sarepta; Amasia; Valladolid
= Xestia trifida ; [POOLE]
Xestia trifida trifida; [NE2, 168]
Xestia (Xestia) trifida trifida ; [NE2: 168, pl. 9, f. 9]
X. t. hispanica Fibiger, 1993
N.Spain Xestia (Xestia) trifida hispanica Fibiger, 1993; Noctuidae Europaeae, 2 (Noctuinae II): 168, pl. 9, f. 7-8, TL: Spain, Valladolid, San Cebrian, Mt. San Manuel

The castanea species-group
castanea ; [NE3, 192, 194]

fiXestia castanea (Esper, 1798)
EU, Morocco, Aturkey, Lebanon, Syria. See [About maps] Punamaayökkönen Grey Rustic Neglected
Phalaena (Noctua) castanea Esper, 1798; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 2 (Abs. 2) (49-50): 27, (Abs. 1) (49-50): pl. 187, f. 8-11 (Noct. 108), TL: "Bluthen"
Noctua neglecta Hübner, [1803]; pl. 34, f. 160, TL: Europe
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 169]
Cerastis cerasina Freyer, 1840; 38, pl. 312, f. 1
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 169]
f. pallida Tutt, 1892
= ; [NE2, 169]
Noctua castanea var. xanthe Woodforde, 1901; 116, TL: North Staffordshire [England]
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 169]
Agrotis obsolescens Petersen, 1905; 119, f. 1, TL: Estonia
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 169]
f. fumosa Meves, 1914
= ; [NE2, 169]
syriae Strand, 1916
= ; [NE2, 169]
Agrotis castanea f. subrubra Dannehl, 1925; 122, TL: South Tirol
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 169]
f. glaucoptera Schultz, 1930
= ; [NE2, 169]
f. signata Lempke, 1939
= ; [NE2, 169]
Rhyacia castanea alliatai Hertig, 1949; 2, TL: Macedonia, Castelbuono
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 169]
f. albida Cockayne, 1952
= ; [NE2, 169]
Xestia castanea, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia castanea, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia castanea, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia castanea ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) castanea ; [NE2: 169, pl. 9, f. 13-16]; [NE3, 194]
Misidentified/misapplied:
laevis; Haworth, 1809
[castanea.jpg] 500x500 (~34Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 10-16.8.1975, f 10-16.8.1985, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from end of July to beginning of September.

Larva on Calluna vulgaris



Xestia jordani (Turati, 1912)
Corsica, Sardinia, Italy. See [About maps] Agrotis (Euxoa) jordani Turati, 1912; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 24 : 304, TL: Sardinia, Monte Cugnada
f. chalybaea Turati, 1921
= ; [NE2, 108]
Rhyacia jordani rufescentior Bytinski-Salz, 1937; 200, TL: Corsica, Col di Savi
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 108]
Eugraphe jordani ; [POOLE]
Coenophila jordani ; [NE2: 108, pl. 6, f. 3-4]; [MNA27.3, 169 (note)]
Xestia (Xestia) jordani ; [NE3, 194]; [NE12, 176, pl. 12, f. 52-56]

Xestia agathina (Duponchel, 1827)
WEU, Morocco. See [About maps] Noctua agathina Duponchel, 1827; in Godart & Duponchel, Hist. nat. Lépid. Fr. 7 (1) : 359, pl. 122, f. 2, TL: France, Montpellier
lidia Boisduval, 1829
= ; [NE2, 178]
Graphiphora albimacula Stephens, 1829; 137, pl. 19, f. 3, TL: Wittlesea-mere; Ringwood
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 178]
Lytaea leucographa Stephens, 1829; 199, TL: York
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 178]
scopariae Millière, 1864
= ; [NE2, 178]
f. rosea Tutt, 1892
= ; [NE2, 178]
Agrotis agathina var. hebridicola Staudinger, 1901; in Staudinger & Rebel, Cat. Lep. palaearct. Faunengeb. 1 : 138, TL: Hebrides Island
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 178]
turonica Culot, 1909
= ; [NE2, 178]
Agrotis agathina var. provincialis Culot, 1909; 39, pl. 6, f. 8, TL: Vannes [France]
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 178]
virgata Wightman, 1944
= ; [NE2, 178]
cingulata Loritz, 1947
= ; [NE2, 178]
tangens Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 178]
Xestia agathina, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia agathina, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia agathina ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) agathina ; [NE2: 178, pl. 10, f. 1-5]; [NE3, 194]

Larva on Calluna vulgaris [NE2]


The ochreago species-group
ochreago ; [NE3, 192, 195]

Xestia ochreago (Hübner, 1790)
N.Spain, Alps, Balkans. See [About maps] Phalaena (Noctua) ochreago Hübner, 1790; Beitr. Ges. Schmett. 2 (1): 10, TL: Augsburg region
Xestia ochrojois Hübner, [1821]; 233 (repl. Phalaena ochreago Hübner, 1790)
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 170]
rubecula Treitschke, 1837
= ; [NE2, 170]
Hiptelia habichi Rebel, 1909; 107, TL: Schneeberg
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 170]
pallida Schuring, 1918
= ; [NE2, 170]
Xestia ochreago ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) ochreago ; [NE2: 170, pl. 9, f. 10-12]; [NE3, 195]

The collina species-group
collina ; [NE3, 192, 195]

fiXestia collina (Boisduval, 1840)
Alps, S.France - S.Poland, Romania, from (S.Finland, Estonia) - Urals, Siberia, N.Mongolia. See [About maps] Juomumaayökkönen
Noctua collina Boisduval, 1840; Genera Index Eur. Lepid. : 105, TL: Valesia, Diniae
Noctua montana Freyer, 1850; 138, pl. 569, f. 3, TL: "Schreiberhau"
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 170]
Agrotis collina var. kenteana Staudinger, 1892; 353, TL: Kentei
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 170]
Agrotis eversmanni Petersen, 1905; 121, f. 4-5, TL: Urals; Estonia
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 170]
Agrotis peterseni Krulikovsky, 1909; Rev. russ. Ent. 8 (3-4) : 272 (repl. Agrotis eversmanni Petersen, 1905), TL: Urals; Estonia
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 170]
nigromaculata Hoffmann, 1917
= ; [NE2, 170]
ab. nigromarginata Lange, 1917
= ; [NE2, 170]
roeggeri Schawerda, 1919
= ; [NE2, 170]
loebeli Rebeli, 1920
= ; [NE2, 170]
Xestia collina, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia collina ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) collina ; [NE2: 171, pl. 9, f. 17-21]; [NE3, 195]
[collina.jpg] 500x296 (~22Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, 5-15.7.1996, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from end of June to latter half of July.


The sexstrigata species-group
sexstrigata ; [NE3, 192]

fiXestia sexstrigata (Haworth, 1809)
WEU - to (S.Sweden, S.Finland, Estonia, Poland, Germany). See [About maps] Viirumaayökkönen Six-striped Rustic Sechslinien-Bodeneule
Noctua sexstrigata Haworth, 1809
= Xestia umbrosa ; [POOLE]
Noctua 6-strigata Haworth, 1809; Lepid. Britannica (2): 228, TL: Great Britain
= Xestia umbrosa ; [POOLE]
Phalaena umbrosa Hübner, 1790; Beitr. Ges. Schmett. 2 : 112 (preocc. Phalaena umbrosa Esper, 1788), TL: Augsburg
= ; [NE2, 172]
f. fusca Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 172]
Xestia sexstrigata, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia sexstrigata, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia sexstrigata, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia umbrosa ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Xestia) sexstrigata ; [NE2: 172, pl. 9, f. 27-28]; [NE3, 198]
[sexstrigata-1.jpg] 464x615 (~72Kb) Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Ötisheim, Eckhau (8°48'E, 48°58'N, 250m), 01.08.2000, Photo © Karl Hofsäß [sexstrigata-2.jpg] 506x564 (~73Kb) Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Ötisheim, Scharrkessel (8°49'E, 48°58'N, 300m), 12.08.1999, Photo © Karl Hofsäß [sexstrigata-3.jpg] 660x729 (~103Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 4.8.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov
[sexstrigata.jpg] 500x539 (~37Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 25-30.7.1976, f 8-13.8.1976, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from latter half of July to August.

Larva on Elymus arenarius, Plantago


Subgenus Megasema Hübner, [1821]
Megasema Hübner, [1821]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (14): 222, TS: Phalaena triangulum Hufnagel
Agrotiphila Grote, 1876; Ann. Lyc. nat. Hist. N.Y. 11 : 108, TS: Agrotiphila colorado Smith
Agrotimorpha Barnes & Benjamin, 1929; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 24 : 174, TS: Agrotis staudinger Möschler
Ashworthia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Agrotis ashworthii Doubleday
Cenigria Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Phalaena c-nigrum Linnaeus
Megarhomba Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 87, TS: Phalaena rhomboidea Esper
Megasema ; [NE2, 156]; [NE3, 187]; [MN27.3]

Xestia bolteri (Smith, 1898)
SE.Wyoming, S.Utah - New Mexico, Arizona. See [About maps] Noctua bolteri Smith, 1898; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 6 : 104, TL: New Mexico, Las Vegas
Xestia bolteri, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia bolteri, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia bolteri, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Xestia bolteri ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10941]
Xestia (Megasema) bolteri ; [MNA27.3, 131]

The c-nigrum species-group
c-nigrum ; [NE3, 187, 188]

fiXestia c-nigrum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Palearctic, Arabia. See [About maps] Kilpimaayökkönen Setaceous Hebrew Character Spotted Cutworm Schwarzes C
Phalaena (Noctua) c-nigrum Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 516, TL: Europe
Bombyx gothica var. nunatrum Esper, 1786; Die. Schmett., Th. III (28): 385
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Bombyx gothica var. singularis Esper, 1786; Die. Schmett., Th. III (27): pl. 76, f. 3
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Agrotis degenerata Staudinger, 1889; Stettin Ent. Ztg 50 (1-3) : 26, TL: S of Issyk
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Noctua c-nigrum var. rosea Tutt, 1892; Br. Noct. Var. 2: 111, TL: Pondicherry [India]
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Agrotis c-nigrum ab. umbrata Schultz, 1908; Soc. Ent. 22 (24) : 185, TL: Niederschlesien [Germany]
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Agrotis c-nigrum ab. fritschi Culot, 1910; Noct. et Géom. Europe 1 : 45, pl. 7, f. 4, TL: Besançon [France]
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Agrotis c-nigrum var. depravata Bang-Haas, 1912; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 26 (3): 139, TL: Yarkend, Mus-tag-ata [Xinjiang]
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Agrotis c-nigrum f. nigrescens Buresch, 1914; Trans. Soc. Bulg. Sci. Nat. 7: 100, TL: Bulgaria?
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Agrotis c-nigrum f. maerens Dannehl, 1925; Ent. Z. 39 : 123, TL: South Tirol
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Amathes c-nigrum f. immaculata Lempke, 1939; Tijdschr. Ent. 82 : 247, TL: Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Amathes c-nigrum f. juncta Lempke, 1939; Tijdschr. Ent. 82 : 247:Netherlands
= ; [MNA27.3, 132]
Amathes c-nigrum f. confluens Lempke, 1939; Tijdschr. Ent. 82 : 247, TL: Netherlands
= ; [MNA27.3, 132]
Noctua c-nigrum ab. grisea Turner, 1939; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 51 (Suppl.) : 165, TL: Gorleson, Great Britain
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Diarsia c-nigrum kurilana Bryk, 1942; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 56 : 38, TL: Kurile Islands, Urup, Tokontabi
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 132]
Amathes c-nigrum ab. albinotica Cockayne, 1952; Ent. Rec. J. Var. 64 : 130, pl. 5, f. 5, TL: Alton, Hants, Great Britain
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 133]
Amathes c-nigrum f. pallida Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 214, TL: Zeist, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 133]
Amathes c-nigrum f. fuscolimbata Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 214, TL: Wiessel, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 133]
Amathes c-nigrum f. semiconfluens Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 215, TL: Apeldoorn, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 133]
Amathes c-nigrum f. cruda Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 215, TL: Slijk-Ewijk, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 133]
Amathes c-nigrum f. signata Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 215, TL: Slijk-Ewijk, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 133]
Amathes c-nigrum f. brevipennis Lempke, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 215, TL: Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht, Netherlands
= ; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 133]
Amathes c-nigrum ignorata Eitschberger, 1972; Atalanta 4: 14, pl. f. 1, TL: Spain, Granada, 1km W of Dudar
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 156]; [MNA27.3, 133]
Xestia c-nigrum, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia c-nigrum, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia c-nigrum, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia c-nigrum, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia c-nigrum, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia c-nigrum, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia c-nigrum, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Xestia c-nigrum, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
?Agrotis c-nigrum ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 283
Xestia c-nigrum ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasema) c-nigrum ; [NE2: 156, pl. 8, f. 21-22]; [NE3, 188]; [MNA27.3, 132]
[c-nigrum-1.jpg] 467x640 (~73Kb) Russia, Kaluga area, 5.9.2006 © D. Smirnov [c-nigrum-2.jpg] 588x717 (~91Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 6.9.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [c-nigrum.jpg] 500x469 (~31Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 3-15.9.1972, f 10-16.9.1988, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from latter half of July to first half of August. Occasional second generation from latter half of August to beginning of October.

Larva on Chamaenerion angustifolium, Stellaria media


X. c. adela Franclemont, 1980
New York - North Carolina, Newfoundland - S.Canada - Northwest Territories, Alaska, Rocky Mountains, British Columbia - California, Mexico, El Salvador Xestia adela Franclemont, 1980; Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 82 (4) : 584, TL: Snyder Heights, 1100, Ithaca, Tompkins Co., New York
= Xestia c-nigrum ; [MNA27.3, 133]
Xestia adela, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Xestia adela ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10942]
Xestia c-nigrum adela ; [NE2, 158 (note)]

Xestia dolosa Franclemont, 1980
Nova Scoita - New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Missouri. See [About maps] Xestia dolosa Franclemont, 1980; Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 82 (4) : 579, TL: Snyder Hights, 1100ft, Ithaca, Tompkins Co., New York
?Noctua c-nigrum var. B Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 328
= ?; [MNA27.3, 134]
?Noctua c-nigrum var. suffusa Tutt, 1892; Br. Noct. Var. 2: 111
= Xestia c-nigrum ; [NE2, 156]
= ?; [MNA27.3, 134]
Xestia dolosa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia dolosa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia dolosa ; [NACL, #10942.1]; [POOLE]; [NE2, 158 (note)]
Xestia (Megasema) dolosa ; [MNA27.3, 134]

Xestia praetermissa (Warren, 1912)
India, Sumatra, Java, S.Sulawesi, Luzon. See [About maps] Rhyacia praetermissa Warren, 1912; 6, TL: India, Nilgiri Hills; Ooty
Rhyacia praetermissa insulata Warren, 1912; 6, TL: Celebes, Bonthain
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia praetermissa ; [POOLE]; [MOB12: 69 (note)]

Xestia ditrapezium (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
SEU, CEU, N.Turkey, N.Iran, Transcaucasia, Caucasus, C.Asia, Altai - Ussuri, AMur, Kurile Is., N.Mongolia, Tibet, China, Korea, Japan. See [About maps] Noctua ditrapezium Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 312, TL: Vienna region
Noctua tristigma Treischke, 1825; 242, TL: Germany
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 158]
nigrescens Wehrli, 1913
= ; [NE2, 158]
pallida Hoffmann, 1915
= ; [NE2, 158]
ab. orientalis Strand, 1916; (nec Staudinger, nec Bryk, nec Boursin)
= ; [NE2, 158]
f. signata Lempke, 1939
= ; [NE2, 158]
f. immaculata Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 158]
f. rufescens Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 158]
f. umbrata Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 158]
f. unimacula Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 158]
Amathes ditrapezium orientalis Boursin, 1963; 33, TL: Japan, Hakodate; Ta-cihen-lu; Hung-mu-chang
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia ditrapezium, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia ditrapezium, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia ditrapezium, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia ditrapezium ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasema) ditrapezium ; [NE2: 158, pl. 8, f. 23-24]; [NE3, 188]
[ditrapezium-1.jpg] 573x714 (~103Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 14.7.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov


fiXestia triangulum (Hufnagel, 1766)
EU - C.Siberia, N.Turkey, Transcaucasia, Caucasus. See [About maps] Kolmiomaayökkönen Double Square-spot
Phalaena triangulum Hufnagel, 1766; Berlin. Magazin, 3 (3) : 306, TL: Berlin region
intermedia Tutt, 1892
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. avellana Hirschke, 1910
= ; [NE2, 160]
obscurior Sälzl, 1928
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. immaculata Lempke, 1939
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. signata Lempke, 1939
= ; [NE2, 160]
ab. unimaculata Chalmers-Hunt, 1961
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. basilinea Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. cruda Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. fuscolimbata Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. grisea Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. obscura Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. pallida Lempke, 1962
= ; [NE2, 160]
f. brevipennis Lempke, 1964
= ; [NE2, 160]
Xestia triangulum, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia triangulum, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia triangulum, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia triangulum ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasema) triangulum ; [NE2: 160, pl. 8, f. 25-26]; [NE3, 188]
[triangulum-1.jpg] 585x702 (~79Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 17.06.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov [triangulum-1x.jpg] 902x466 (~75Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 17.06.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov [triangulum.jpg] 500x500 (~39Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 17-23.6.1995; N: Helsinki, f 2.7.1970, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from latter half of July to August.

Larva on Rubus idaeus


The kollari species-group
kollari ; [NE3, 187, 189]

Xestia kollari (Lederer, 1853)
S.Urals - Amur, N.Mongolia, Korea, Japan. See [About maps] Graphophora kollari Lederer, 1853; Verh. zool.-bot. Ver. Wien 3 : 366, pl. 4, f. 1, TL: Siberia
collari Hampson, 1903
Xestia (Megasema) kollari ; [NE2: 160, pl. 8, f. 27-28]; [NE3, 189]
X. k. plumbata Butler, 1881²
China, Ussuri, Kamchatka Xestia kollari plumbata ; [NE2, 160 (note)]

The ashworthii species-group
ashworthii ; [NE3, 188, 189]

fiXestia ashworthii (Doubleday, 1855)
. See [About maps] Sinertävä maayökkönen Ashworth's Rustic
Agrotis ashworthii Doubleday, 1855; Zoologist 13 : 4749, TL: North Wales, Llangollen
Xestia ashworthii, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia ashworthii, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasema) ashworthii ; [NE3, 189]
[ashworthii.jpg] 500x302 (~22Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 28-2.8.1996, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from end of June to beginning of August.

Larva on Taraxacum sp., Hieracium pilosella


N.Wales vallesiaca Stainton, 1855
= ; [NE2, 162]
f. virgata Tutt, 1892
= ; [NE2, 162]
substriata Mansbridge, 1906
= ; [NE2, 162]
Xestia (Megasema) ashworthii ashworthii ; [NE2: 161, pl. 8, f. 29-30]
X. a. candelarum (Staudinger, 1871)
Pyrenees - Alps, from (Germany - Greece) - S.Siberia, Turkey, N.Turkmenistan, Tibet Agrotis candelarum Staudinger, 1871; in Staudinger & Wocke, Cat. Lepid. eur. Faunegeb. (Edn. 2) : 82, TL: Germany, Switzerland, France and Urals
= Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
Agrotis candelarum var. signata Staudinger, 1871; in Staudinger & Wocke, Cat. Lepid. eur. Faunegeb. (Edn. 2) : 82 (preocc. Agrotis signata Boisduval, [1837]), TL: Hungary; "Balkans"
= Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 162]
Agrotis grisescens var. nivescens Rebel, 1907; 35, TL: [Sweden] Boden
= Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 162]
f. rubescens Schawerda, 1921
= ; [NE2, 162]
Rhyacia candelarum var. inalpina Hartig, 1938; 253, TL: Madonna di Campiglio [Italy]
= Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 162]
f. rutila Nordström, 1945
= ; [NE2, 162]
Xestia (Megasema) ashworthii candelarum ; [NE2: 162, pl. 8, f. 31-33, 36-38]
X. a. jotunensis (Schöyen, 1887)
Fennoscandia, Estonia, Lithuania Agrotis candelarum var. jotunensis Schöyen, 1887; Christ. Vidensk. Selsk. Förhandl. 3: 122, TL: Norway, Röisheim in Baeverdalen nr northern entrance to Jotunheimen
Agrotis candelarum var. jotunensis Aurivillius, 1888; 122
= Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 163]
Amathes ashworthii arenaria Nordström, 1945; 88, pl. 2, f. 9-12, TL: Bisby; Oestergarn; När [Norway]
= Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 163]
Amathes ashworthii burraui Nordström, 1945; 89, pl. 3, f. 1-12, TL: Öland, Vickleby [Norway]
= Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 163]
ab. albisignata Nordström, 1945
ab. uniformis Nordström, 1945
Xestia (Megasema) ashworthii jotunensis ; [NE2, 163, pl. 8, f. 34-35, 41-44]
X. a. latescens (Turati, 1919)
Italy (Apennines, Abruzzi) Rhyacia (Agrotis) candelarum f. lactescens Turati, 1919; Naturalista sicil. 23 (7-12) : 270, pl. 3, f. 26, TL: Italy, Mt. Sibilini, Piceo in C. Appennines
Rhyacia candelarum var. calcinia Sohn-Rethel, 1929; 7, pl. 2, f. 11, TL: Italy, Abruzzen, Majella region
= Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 164]
Agrotis candelarum var. molisana Dannehl, 1929; 104, TL: Monte Agatone; Pescasseroli; Camp di Giove
= Xestia ashworthii ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 164]
Xestia (Megasema) ashworthii lactescens ; [NE2, 164, pl. 8, f. 39-40]
X. a. artvina de Freina & Hacker, 1985
NE.Turkey, Transcaucasia, Caucasus Xestia ashworthii artvina de Freina & Hacker, 1985; Entomofauna 6 (19): (?)
Xestia ashworthii artvina ; [NE2, 165 (note)]

The ? species-group

Xestia wockei (Möschler, 1862)
-. See [About maps] Agrotis wockei Möschler, 1862; Wien. Ent. Monats. 6 : 130, pl. 1, f. 2, TL: Labrador
Agrotis (Episilia) wockei tundrana Bang-Haas, 1912; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 26 (3): 139, TL: Ala-Tau
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 135]
Anomogyna (Pachnobia) desiderata Corti & Draudt, 1933; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde, Suppl. 3: 86, pl. 12 row i, TL: Sajan, Tunkun
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 135]
Xestia wockei, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Pachnobia wockei ; [NACL, #10937]
Xestia wockei ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasema) wockei ; [MNA27.3, 135]; [NE12, 177, pl. 12, f. 59-62]
Labrador, Newfoundland Episilia voccei Hampson, 1903; 498 (emend.)
Xestia (Megasema) wockei wockei ; [MNA27.3, 135]
X. w. aldani (Herz, 1903)
Sajan - Magadan (Kolyma R.) Agrotis aldani Herz, 1903; Öfvers. finska Vetensk.Soc. Förh. 45 (15) : 6, TL: Russia, Aldan-Mündung
= Xestia wockei ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 135]
X. w. troubridgei Lafontaine, 1998
Yukon Xestia (Megasema) wockei troubridgei Lafontaine, 1998; Moths Am. N of Mexico 27.3 [MNA27.3]: 136, pl. 3, f. 33, TL: Nickel Creek, St Elias Range, Yukon

Xestia scropulana (Morrison, 1875)
New Hampshire, Quebec, Labrador. See [About maps] Agrotis scropulana Morrison, 1875; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 17 : 165, TL: Mt Washington [New Hampshire]
Agrotis (Epipsilia) moeschleri Bang-Haas, 1910; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (3) : 32, pl. 3, f. 7-8, TL: Labrador
= ; [NACL, #10938]; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 136]
Xestia scropulana, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia scropulana, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Pachnobia scropulana ; [NACL, #10938]
Xestia scropulana ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasema) scropulana ; [MNA27.3, 136]

Xestia staudingeri (Möschler, 1862)
Labrador. See [About maps] Agrotis staudingeri Möschler, 1862; Wien. Ent. Monats. 6 : 132, pl. 1, f. 4, TL: Labrador
Xestia staudingeri, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia staudingeri, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Agrotiphila staudingeri ; [NACL, #10980]
Xestia staudingeri ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasema) staudingeri ; [MNA27.3, 137]

Xestia inuitica Lafontaine, 1998
N.Northwest Territories. See [About maps] Xestia (Megasema) inuitica Lafontaine, 1998; Moths Am. N of Mexico 27.3 [MNA27.3]: 137, pl. 3, f. 37-38, TL: Arviat, Keewatin District, Northwest Territories
Xestia inuitica, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia inuitica, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]

Xestia colorado (Smith, 1891)
Colorado, .... See [About maps] Agrotiphila colorado Smith, 1891; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 18 : 133, TL: Colorado
Xestia colorado, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia colorado, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Agrotiphila colorado ; [NACL, #10982]
Xestia colorado ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasema) colorado ; [MNA27.3, 138]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Agrotis montana; Grote, 1876

Xestia maculata (Smith, 1893)
British Columbia, ...?. See [About maps] Agrotiphila maculata Smith, 1893; Ent. News, 4 (3) : 100, pl. 6, f. 7, TL: British Columbia, Laggan
Agrotiphila maculate[sic] Smith, 1894; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 21 : 53, TL: British Columbia, Laggan
Xestia maculata, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia maculata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia maculata, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia maculata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Agrotiphila maculata ; [NACL, #10981]
Xestia maculata ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasemia) maculata ; [MNA27.3, 139]

Xestia morandi (Benjamin, 1934)
Pachnobia morandi Benjamin, 1934
Pachnobia morandi ; [NACL, #10940]

Xestia ottonis (Alphéraky, 1895)
Agrotis staudingeri var. ottonis Alphéraky, 1895; 190, TL: Ourga [Mongolia]
Xestia ottonis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Megasema) ottonis ; [MNA27.3, 131 (note)]

Subgenus Pachnobia Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852
Pachnobia Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 341, TS: Noctua tecta Hübner (missid. Pachnobia carnea, Thunberg)
Anomogyna Staudinger, 1871; in Staudinger & Wocke, Cat. Lepid. eur. Faunegeb. (Edn. 2) : 110, TS: Hadena laetabilis Zetterstedt
Pteroscia Morrison, 1875; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 17 : 155, TS: Pteroscia atrata Moore
Schoyenia Aurivillius, 1883; Ent. Tidskr. 4 : 191, TS: Schoyenia arctica Aurivillius
Platagrotis Smith, 1890; Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 38 : 43, TS: Noctua speciosa Hübner
Hyptioxesta Rebel, 1901; in Staudinger & Rebel, Cat. Lep. palaearct. Faunengeb. 1 : 231, TS: Erastria penthima Erschoff
Lena Herz, 1903; Öfvers. finska Vetensk.Soc. Förh. 45 (15) : 9 (preocc. Lena Casey, 1886 (Coleoptera)), TS: Lena poppiusi Herz
Barrovia Barnes & McDunnough, 1916; Can. Ent. 48 (8) : 291, TS: Psychophora fasciata Skinner
Archanarta Barnes & Benjamin, 1929; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 24 : 173, TS: Noctua quieta Hübner
Epipsiliamorpha Barnes & Benjamin, 1929; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 24 : 173, TS: Agrotis alaskae Grote
Knappia Nye, 1975; Gen. Names Moths World 1: 265 (repl. Lena Herz, 1903), TS: Lena poppiusi Herz
Synanomogyna Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 81, TS: Agrotis speciosa var. rhaetica Staudinger
Peranomogyna Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 81, TS: Agrotis gelida Sparre-Schneider
Calamogyna Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 81, TS: Agrotis sincera Herrich-Schäffer
Lankialaia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 85, TS: Agrotiphila lyngei Rebel
Xenopachnobia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Hadena alpicola Zetterstedt
Lorezia Beck, 1996; Neue Ent. Nachr. 36: 86, TS: Hiptelia? lorezi Staudinger
Schoyenia ; [NE2, 136]; [NE3, 175]
Anomogyna ; [NE2, 140]; [NE3, 176]
Pachnobia ; [MNA27.3, 139]; [NE2, 153]; [NE3, 183]; [NE12, 177]

The speciosa species-group
speciosa ; [MNA27.3, 140]

fiXestia speciosa (Hübner, [1813])
. See [About maps] Kirjoharmoyökkönen
Noctua speciosa Hübner, [1813]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : pl. 104, f. 491, TL: Europe
Xestia speciosa, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia speciosa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia speciosa, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia speciosa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia speciosa, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Anomogyna speciosa ; [NACL, #10959]
Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) speciosa ; [NE2, 148]; [NE3, 179]
Xestia (Pachnobia) speciosa ; [MNA27.3, 140, 141]; [NE12, 179, pl. 13, f. 18-26]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Xestia speciosa (= Xestia viridescens); [NE2, pl. 7, f. 42]
[speciosa-1.jpg] 500x504 (~51Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 12-13.8.1969, f 8-14.8.1981, Markku Savela leg. [speciosa-2.jpg] 500x515 (~43Kb) FINLAND: Ks: Kuusamo, 733:60, m+m 16.7.1981, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from latter half of July to beginning of September.

In north only until beginning of August

Larva on Vaccinium myrtillus, Betula nana


Germany Xestia speciosa speciosa; [NE2: 148, pl. 7, f. 41-42]
Ophiusa schoenherri Herrich-Schäffer, [1852]; 60 (preocc. Anarta schoenherri Zetterstedt, [1839]), TL: Lappland
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 148]
Aplecta schoennherri Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 6 (Noct. 2) : 79, Atlas (Noctuelites): pl. 7, f. 7, TL: Laponie
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 141]
= ; [NE2, 148]
Agrotis speciosa var. obscura Frey, 1880; 117, TL: Switzerland, Ober-Engadin
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 141]
= ; [NE2, 148]
ab. millieri Culot, 1910
= obscura ; [NE2, 148]
X. s. modesta (Warnecke, 1962)
Alps Aplectoides speciosa modesta Warnecke, 1962; Mitt. ent. Ges. Basel 12: 8, TL: Switzerland, Pontresina
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 141]
Xestia (Anomogyna) speciosa modesta ; [NE2: 149, pl. 7, f. 46]
X. s. arctica (Zetterstedt, 1839)
NEU, Siberia, Mongolia, Northwest Territories Hadena arctica Zetterstedt, 1839; Insecta Lapponica : 939, TL: Lapponia borealis
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]
Platagrotis speciosa var. aegrota Alphéraky, 1897; in Romanoff, Mém. Lép. 9 : 211, TL: Mongolia, Ourga; Tchangla
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]
= ; [MNA27.3, 141, 142]
Agrotis (Platagrotis) speciosa janae Herz, 1903; Ann. Mus. Zool. Acad. Sci. St.-Petersb. 8 (1) : 78, TL: near Verchojansk, Janathal
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]
= ; [MNA27.3, 141, 143]
Perigea topsenti Oberthür, 1921; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 18 (2) : 20, pl. 489, f. 4032, TL: Siao-Lou, China
= ; [MNA27.3, 141, 143]
Anomogyna sachalinensis Matsumura, 1925; J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 129, pl. 10, f. 4, TL: Sakhalin, Pubny, Nyiwo
= ; [MNA27.3, 141, 143]
Aplectoides speciosa rybatchiensis Kotzsch, 1933; Ent. Zs. 47: 130, TL: Russia, Rybatsschi Peninsula
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 149]; [MNA27.3, 142]
Anomogyna aklavicensis Benjamin, 1933; 56, TL: Northwest Territories, Aklavik
= Anomogyna speciosa livalis ; [NE2, 150]
= ; [MNA27.3, 142]
ab. elisabethae Kotzsch, 1934
= ; [NE2, 149]
ab. diffusa Rangnov, 1935
= ; [NE2, 149]
Agrotis (Aplectoides) speciosa baltica Valle, 1940; Animalia Fennica 4, Macrolep. 3: 90, TL: Finland
= Xestia speciosa ; [MNA27.3, 141]
= ; [NE2, 149]

Xestia aklavicensis ; [POOLE]
Xestia sachalinensis ; [POOLE]
Anomogyna aklavicensis ; [NACL, #10961]
Xestia speciosa aklavicensis ; [NE2, 150 (note)]
Xestia speciosa aegrota ; [NE2, 150 (note)]
Anomogyna speciosa arctica ; [NACL, #10959a]
Xestia (Anomogyna) speciosa arctica ; [NE2: 149, pl. 7, f. 43-44]
Xestia (Pachnobia) speciosa arctica ; [MNA27.3, 141, 142]
X. s. ussurica Kononenko, 1984
NE.Siberia - Korea, Japan Xestia speciosa ussurica Kononenko, 1984; Ent. Obozr. 63: 629, TL: Primorie, gora Licaya Benesvkaya
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 141]
Xestia speciosa ussurica ; [NE2, 150 (note)]
X. s. apropitia (Benjamin, 1933)
S.Alberta, S.British Columbia, N.Washington, W.Montana, Colorado Anomogyna apropitia Benjamin, 1933; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 56, TL: Alberta, Banff
Xestia apropitia, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna apropitia ; [NACL, #10960]
Xestia apropitia ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) speciosa apropitia ; [MNA27.3, 142, 143]

Xestia viridiscens (Turati, 1919)
Alps. See [About maps] Aplectoides speciosa f. viridescens Turati, 1919; Naturalista sicil. 23 (7-12) : 272, pl. 3, f. 29, TL: Italy, Valdieri, Alpi Maritime
Xestia (Anomogyna) speciosa viridescens ; [NE2: 149, pl. 7, f. 45]
Xestia (Anomogyna) viridescens ; [NE3, 179]
Xestia (Pachnobia) viridescens ; [MNA27.3, 140]; [NE12, 179, pl. 13, f. 27-29]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Xestia speciosa; [NE2, pl. 7, f. 42]

Xestia mixta (Walker, 1856)
Newfoundland, Labrador, Northwest Territories, Alberta, N.New England. See [About maps] Acronycta mixta Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 62, TL: Hudson's Bay, Albany River, St. Martin's Falls
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]
Aplectoides livalis Smith, 1910; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 18 : 86, TL: Newfoundland
= Xestia speciosa ; [POOLE]
= ; [NACL, #10959b]; [MNA27.3, 143]
Xestia mixta, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia mixta, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia mixta, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia mixta, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna speciosa mixta ; [NACL, #10959b]
Xestia (Pachnobia) mixta ; [MNA27.3, 140, 143]

Larva on Vaccinium myrtilloides [MNA27.3, 143]


Xestia albonigra (Kononenko, 1981)
SE.Siberia, ..., Urals. See [About maps] Amathes albonigra Kononenko, 1981; Trudy zool. Inst. Leningr. 92: 92, TL: Russian Far East, Primorye terroritory, S. Sikhote-Alin
Xestia (Pachnobia) albonigra ; [MNA27.3, 140]; [NE12, 178, pl. 13, f. 11-13]

The alpicola species-group
alpicola ; [MNA27.3, 140]

fiXestia alpicola (Zetterstedt, 1839)
. See [About maps] Puneharmoyökkönen Northern Dart
Hadena alpicola Zetterstedt, 1839; Insecta Lapponica : 938, TL: Sweden: Stoettingfjellet, Norway: Dovre
Xestia alpicola, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia alpicola, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Xestia alpicola, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Xestia alpicola ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) alpicola ; [NE3, 180]
Xestia (Pachnobia) alpicola ; [MNA27.3, 140]; [NE12, 180, pl. 13, f. 30-39]
[alpicola.jpg] 500x508 (~39Kb) FINLAND: Om: Perho, Jänkä, 7020:376, m 5.8.1971, f 3.8.1971, Markku Savela leg.

Flight South from latter half of July to August. North in July

Larva on Betula nana, Arctostaphylos, Empetrum


NEU - C.Siberia? Hadena hyperborea Zetterstedt, [1839]; 938, TL: Lapponia Borealis
= Xestia alpicola ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 150]
Hadena aquilonaris Zetterstedt, [1839]; 940, TL: Lapponia borealis
= Xestia alpicola ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 150]
norvegica Strand, 1904
= ; [NE2, 150]
Xestia (Anomogyna) alpicola alpicola ; [NE2: 150, pl. 8, f. 1-4]
X. a. alpina (Humphreys & Westwood, 1843)
N.British Isles Agrotis alpina Westwood, 1843; in Humphreys & Westwood, Br. Moths, 1: 118, pl. 23, f. 13, TL: Scotland, Perthshire, Cairn Gowr
= Xestia alpicola ; [POOLE]
f. rufistigma Cockayne, 1952
= ; [NE2, 151]
f. uniformis Cockayne, 1952
= ; [NE2, 151]
f. suffusa Richardson, 1952
= ; [NE2, 151]
Xestia alpicola atlantica Kaaber, 1996
= ; [NE12, 180]
Xestia (Anomogyna) alpicola alpina ; [NE2: 151, pl. 8, f. 5-6]
X. a. carnica (Hering, 1846)
Alps Agrotis carnica Hering, 1846; Stettin ent. Z. 7 : 236, TL: Klagenfurt [Austria]
= Xestia alpicola ; [POOLE]
Orthosia glacialis Herrich-Schäffer, 1849; 198, Noctuides pl. 82, f. 421-424, TL: Alps
= Xestia alpicola ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 151]
Agrotis iveni Hüber, 1870; 135, pl. 3, f. 6
= Xestia alpicola ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 151]
coerulescens Tutt, 1872
= ; [NE2, 151]
Agrotis carnica Hering, 1846
Xestia (Anomogyna) alpicola carnica ; [NE2: 151, pl. 11, f. 49]
X. a. ryffelensis (Oberthür, 1904)
Alps Pachnobia hyperborea var. ryffelensis Oberthür, 1904; Étud. Lépid. Comp. 1: 60, pl. 1, f. 11, TL: [France] Ryffelalp
= Xestia alpicola ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) alpicola ryffelensis ; [NE2: 152, pl. 8, f. 7-8]

Xestia albuncula (Eversmann, 1851)
N.Urals - Far East, Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territory. See [About maps] Cymatophora albuncula Eversmann, 1851; Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 24 (2) : 627, TL: Russia, Irkutsk
Agrotis vega Herz, 1903; Ann. Mus. Zool. Acad. Sci. St.-Petersb. 8 (1) : 77, TL: Janthal
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 145]
Anomogyna tamanukii Matsumura, 1925; J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 130, pl. 10, f. 2, TL: Sakhalin, Nyiwo
= ; [MNA27.3, 145]
Anomogyna griseola Matsumura, 1925; J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 130, pl. 11, f. 22, TL: Sakhalin, Nyiwo
= ; [MNA27.3, 145]
Anomogyna laetabilis kononis Matsumura, 1925; J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 130, pl. 10, f. 5, TL: Sakhalin, Nyiwo
= Xestia laetabilis ; [POOLE]
= ; [MNA27.3, 145]
Anomogyna acuminata Matsumura, 1925; J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 131, pl. 11, f. 11, TL: N.Sakhalin, Nyiwo
= ; [MNA27.3, 145]
Euxoa daisetsuzana Matsumura, 1927; Ins. Matsumurana 1 (3) : 115, f. 4, TL: Hokkaido, Mt. Kurodake
= Xestia imperita ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE3, 181]; [MNA27.3, 145]
Anomagyna[sic] mallochi Benjamin, 1933; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 55, TL: North West Territories, Aklavik
= ; [MNA27.3, 145]
Anomogyna mallochi var. arufoides Benjamin, 1933; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 55, TL: North West Territories, Aklavik
= Anomogyna mallochi ; [NACL, #10966]
= Xestia mallochi ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE3, 181]; [MNA27.3, 145]
Anomogyna mallochi stejnigeri Benjamin, 1933; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 55, TL: Bering Island
= Xestia mallochi ; [POOLE]
= ; [MNA27.3, 145]
Xestia albuncula, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia albuncula, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]

Xestia tamanukii ; [POOLE]
Xestia griseola ; [POOLE]
Xestia albuncula ; [POOLE]
Xestia acuminata ; [POOLE]
Anomogyna mallochi ; [NACL, #10966]
Xestia mallochi ; [POOLE]
Xestia albuncula mallochi ; [NE3, 181 (note)]
Anomogyna mallochi stejnigeri ; [NACL, #10966a]
Xestia albuncula stejnigeri ; [NE3, 181 (note)]
Xestia (Anomogyna) albuncula ; [NE3: 181, f. 99-100]
Xestia (Pachnobia) albuncula ; [MNA27.3, 140, 144]; [NE12, 180, pl. 13, f. 40-44]

Xestia imperita (Hübner, [1831])
New England, New Hampshire, Newfoundland, Labrador - Yukon, British Columbia, Wyoming, Colorado. See [About maps] Ogygia imperita Hübner, [1831]; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 3 : 16, : pl. [77], f. 447-448, TL: Labrador
Agrotis comparata Möschler, 1862; 132, pl. 1, f. 5, TL: Labrador
= ; [NACL, #10965]; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 144]
Bryophila discitincta Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 27, TL: Hudson's Bay, Albany River, St. Martin's Falls
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 144]
Agrotis saxigena Morrison, 1875; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 17 : 162, TL: New Hampshire, White Mtns
= ; [NACL, #10965]; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 144]
Aplectoides arufa Smith, 1905; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 13 : 192, TL: Wyoming, Yellowstone Park
= Anomogyna imperita discitincta ; [NACL, #10965a]
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 144]
Xestia imperita, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia imperita, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia imperita, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia imperita, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna imperita discitincta ; [NACL, #10965a]
Anomogyna imperita ; [NACL, #10965]
Xestia imperita ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) imperita ; [MNA27.3, 140, 143]

The tecta species-group
tecta ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia ursae (McDunnough, 1940)
Transbaikalia - NE.Siberia, Alaska - Northwest Territory. See [About maps] Anomogyna atrata var. ursae McDunnough, 1940; Can. ent. 72: 197, TL: Northwest Territory, Great Bear Lake, Cameron Bay
= Xestia atrata ; [POOLE]
Pachnobia xena Boursin, 1948; 119, pl. 2, f. 17, TL: Transbaikal, Moworotnaja, Shilka River
= ; [MNA27.3, 146]
Xestia ursae, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia ursae, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia xena ; [POOLE]
Anomogyna atrata ursae ; [NACL, #10957b]
Xestia (Pachnobia) ursae ; [MNA27.3, 140, 145]

fiXestia atrata (Morrison, 1875)
. See [About maps] Pteroscia atrata Morrison, 1875; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 17 : 156, TL: New Hampshire, Mt. Washington, Half Way House
Xestia atrata, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia atrata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia atrata, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia atrata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia atrata, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Anomogyna atrata ; [NACL, #10957]
Xestia atrata ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) atrata ; [NE3: 184, f. 101-102]; [MNA27.3, 140, 146]; [NE12, 177, pl. 13, f. 1-6]
[atrata-1.jpg] 1000x651 (~86Kb) Finland, Photo © Jari Kaitila

First record from Finland, Kuusamo 2m, 1f, 1999.


S.Canada, Colorado, New England Xestia (Pachnobia) atrata atrata ; [MNA27.3, 147]
X. a. yukona (McDunnough, 1921)
N.British Columbia?, Yukon, E.Alaska Pteroscia atrata var. yukona McDunnough, 1921; Can. Ent. 53 (8) : 180, TL: Yukon Territory, Upper Ramparts
= Xestia atrata ; [POOLE]
Anomogyna atrata yukona ; [NACL, #10957a]
Xestia (Pachnobia) atrata yukona ; [MNA27.3, 146, 147]
X. a. filipjevi (Sheljuzhko, 1926)
E.Siberia Rhyacia filipjevi Sheljuzhko, 1926; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 40: 62, f. 4, TL: E.Siberia, Dzhugdzhur Mts, Dzhelinda River
Xestia filipjevi ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) atrata filipjevi ; [MNA27.3, 146]
X. a. haraldi Fibiger, 1997
N.Sweden Xestia (Pachnobia) atrata haraldi Fibiger, 1997; Noctuidae Europaeae, 3 (Noctuinae III): 180, f. 103, TL: Sweden, Härjedalen, Tänndalen, Skarvruet
X. a. montana Kononenko, 1984
SE.Siberia Xestia atrata montana Kononenko, 1984; Ent. Obozr. 63: 625, f. 7-8 (preocc. Noctua montana Freyer, 1850), TL: Primorie, southern Sixote-Alin, gora Oblachnaya
= Xestia atrata ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) atrata montana ; [MNA27.3, 146]

Xestia kolymae (Herz, 1903)
Sajan, ..., Yukon. See [About maps] Agrotis kolymae Herz, 1903; Ann. Mus. Zool. Acad. Sci. St.-Petersb. 8 (1) : 79, TL: Janathale
Anomogyna (Pachnobia) veruta Corti & Draudt, 1933; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde, Suppl. 3: 86, pl. 12 row i, TL: Sajan, Munku Sardyk
= Xestia wockei ; [POOLE]
= ; [MNA27.3, 147]
Anomogyna (Pachnobia) helenae Corti & Draudt, 1933; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde, Suppl. 3: 86, pl. 12 row i, TL: Sajan Mtns
= Xestia wockei ; [POOLE]
= ; [MNA27.3, 147]
Xestia kolymae, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia kolymae ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) kolymae ; [MNA27.3, 140, 147]

fiXestia tecta (Hübner, [1808])
. See [About maps] Ruskoharmoyökkönen
Noctua tecta Hübner, [1808]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : pl. 81, f. 377, TL: Europe
Xestia tecta, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia tecta, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia tecta, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia tecta, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Pachnobia tecta ; [NACL, #10936]
Xestia tecta ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) tecta ; [NE2: 155, pl. 8, f. 15-20]; [NE3, 184]; [MNA27.3, 140, 148]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Pachnobia carnea Thunberg; Treitschke, 1825
[tecta.jpg] 500x316 (~24Kb) FINLAND: Ks: Kuusamo, 736:61, 16.7.1983, Markku Savela leg.

Flight in July

Larva on Betula nana, Vaccinium


N.Fennoscandia, N.Siberia, C.Siberia, Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territory Noctua ampla Hübner, [1809]; pl. 90, f. 425, TL: Europe
= Xestia tecta ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 155]
= ; [MNA27.3, 148]
Pachnobia roosta Smith, 1903; Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 29 : 203, TL: Alaska, Nashagak
= Xestia tecta ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 155]
= ; [MNA27.3, 148]
Anomogyna (Pachnobia) nolens Corti & Draudt, 1933; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde, Suppl. 3: 86, pl. 12 row i, TL: Tannuola Mtns, Shawyr
= Xestia tecta ; [NE2, 155]
= ; [MNA27.3, 148]
Pachnobia tecta ab. gaunitzi Nordström, 1937; Svenska Fjärilar, II syst. del.: 106
= Xestia tecta ; [NE2, 155]
= ; [MNA27.3, 148]
Pachnobia tecta roosta ; [NACL, #10936a]
Xestia nolens ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) tecta tecta ; [MNA27.3, 149]
X. t. tectoides (Corti, 1926)
Labrador Agrotis tectoides Corti, 1926; Verh. III Int. Ent.-Kongress Zürich 2: 133, TL: Labrador, 56° 30'N
= Pachnobia tecta roosta ; [NACL, #10936a]
= ; [NE2, 156 (note)]; [MNA27.3, 148]

The okakensis species-group
okakensis ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia okakensis (Packard, [1867])
-. See [About maps] Agrotis okakensis Packard, [1867]; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 11 : 38, TL: Labrador, Okak
Xestia okakensis, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia okakensis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia okakensis, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia okakensis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Pachnobia okakensis ; [NACL, #10939]
Xestia okakensis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) okakensis ; [MNA27.3, 140, 149]
Labrador, N.British Columbia Episilia ocacensis Hampson, 1903; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 4: 481 (emend.)
Pachnobia cinerea Staudinger, 1871; in Staudinger & Wocke, Cat. Lepid. eur. Faunegeb. (Edn. 2) : 114, TL: Labrador
= Pachnobia okakensis ; [NACL, #10939]
= ; [MNA27.3, 150]
Episilia cinerea ; Hampson, 1903, Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 4: 490, pl. 73, f. 10
Xestia okakensis okakensis ; [MNA27.3, 150]
X. o. morandi (Benjamin, 1934)
Northwest Territories - Alaska, W.Siberia - NE.Siberia Pachnobia morandi Benjamin, 1934; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 10: 88, TL: Alaska, McKinley National Park
Xestia morandi ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) okakensis morandi ; [MNA27.3, 149]

The lorezi species-group
lorezi ; [MNA27.3, 140]

fiXestia lorezi (Staudinger, 1891)
. See [About maps] Tunturiharmoyökkönen
Hiptelia? lorezi Staudinger, 1891; Soc. Ent. 6: 137, TL: Switzerlan, Graubünden Canton
Xestia lorezi, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia lorezi, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia lorezi, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia lorezi ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lorezi ; [NE3, 183]; [MNA27.3, 140, 150]
[lorezi.jpg] 500x301 (~23Kb) FINLAND: Enl: Saana, 767:25, 6.7.1978, O. Helminene leg.

Flight in July

Larva on (unknown)


Alps Episilia loresi Hampson, 1903; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 4: 492 (emend.)
Xestia (Pachnobia) lorezi lorezi ; [NE2: 154, pl. 8, f. 13-14]
X. l. kongsvoldensis (Grönlien, 1922)
N.Fennoscandia Agrotis tecta var. kongsvoldensis Grönlien, 1922; Norsk Ent. Tidsskr. 1: 183, TL: Near Köder, Kongsvold
= Xestia sajana ; [POOLE]
Rhyacia fennoscandica Clayhills, 1930; Notulae Ent. 10: 80, f. 1-4, TL: Petsamo
= ; [NE2, 154]
= Xestia lorezi ; [MNA27.3, 151]
Xestia fennoscandica ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lorezi kongsvoldensis ; [NE2: 154, pl. 8, f. 9-12]; [MNA27.3, 150]
X. l. sajana (Tschetverikov, 1904)
Sajan Agrotis (Platagrotis) sajana Tschetverikov, 1904; Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 4 (2-3): 77, TL: West Sajan, Lake Oja
Anomogyna (Pachnobia) amathusia Corti & Draudt, 1933; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde, Suppl. 3: 86, pl. 12 row h, TL: Sajan region, Muku-Sardyk
= Xestia sajana ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 155]; [MNA27.3, 151]
Anomogyna (Pachnobia) amatoria Corti & Draudt, 1933; in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde, Suppl. 3: 86, pl. 12 row h, TL: Mnts around Baikal
= Xestia sajana ; [POOLE]
= ; [NE2, 155]; [MNA27.3, 151]
Xestia sajana ; [POOLE]
Xestia lorezi sajana ; [NE2, 155 (note)]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lorezi sajana ; [MNA27.3, 150]
X. l. katuna Mikkola, 1987
Altai Xestia (Pachnobia) lorezi katuna Mikkola, 1987; Ent. Scandinavica 18: 319, TL: 30km ESE Ust-Koksa, SW Altaiskiy Krai, Katunskiy Range
Xestia lorezi katuna ; [NE2, 155 (note)]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lorezi katuna ; [MNA27.3, 151]
X. l. monotona Kononenko, 1984
Magadan Xestia sajana monotona Kononenko, 1984; Ent. Obozr. 63: 623, f. 3-4, TL: Magadanskaya oblast, Kolima
= Xestia sajana ; [POOLE]
Xestia lorezi monotona ; [NE2, 155 (note)]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lorezi monotona ; [MNA27.3, 151]
X. l. ogilviana Lafontaine, 1987
Yukon, Alaska Xestia (Pachnobia) lorezi ogilviana Lafontaine, 1987; Ent. Scandinavica 18: 322, TL: km 82 Dempster Highway, Ogilvie Mtns, Yukon
Xestia lorezi ogilviana ; [NE2, 155 (note)]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lorezi ogilviana ; [MNA27.3, 151]

The sincera species-group
sincera ; [MNA27.3, 140]

fiXestia sincera (Herrich-Schäffer, [1851])
NEU, Alps. See [About maps] Vaalea harmoyökkönen
Agrotis sincera Herrich-Schäffer, [1851]; Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 2 (47): 412, (49): (ix) pl. 100, f. 513-514 [512-513], TL: Dresden
zelleri Herrich-Schäffer, 1851
= ; [NE2, 145]
Xestia sincera, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia sincera, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Xestia sincera ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) sincera ; [NE2: 145, f. 31, pl. 7, f. 39-40]; [NE3, 178]
Xestia (Pachnobia) sincera ; [MNA27.3, 140]
[sincera.jpg] 500x275 (~22Kb) FINLAND: Ks: Kuusamo, 736:61, f 15.7.1985, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from latter half of June to first half of July.

Larva on Picea abies



Xestia perquiritata (Morrison, 1875)
-. See [About maps] Polia perquiritata Morrison, 1875; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 17 : 136, TL: New Hampshire, White Mtns
Xestia perquiritata, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia perquiritata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia perquiritata, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia perquiritata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna perquiritata ; [NACL, #10962]
Xestia perquiritata ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) perquiritata ; [MNA27.3, 140, 152]
Yukon, Newfoundland, New Hampshire, ... Agrotis baileyana Grote, 1880; North Amer. Ent. 1 (11): 92, TL: New York, St. Lawrence Co.; New Hamsphire, White Mts
= Anomogyna perquiritata ; [NACL, #10962]
= Xestia perquiritata ; [POOLE]
= ; [MNA27.3, 152]
Aplectoides beddeci Hampson, 1913; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 12 (72) : 589, TL: Newfoundland, Doyles Cadroy Valley
= Xestia perquiritata ; [POOLE]
= Anomogyna perquiritata beddeci ; [NACL, #10962b]
= ; [MNA27.3, 153]
Anomogyna perquiritata beddeki[sic, recte beddeci] ; [NACL, #10962b]
Xestia (Pachnobia) perquiritata perquiritata ; [MNA27.3, 152, 153]
X. p. partita (McDunnough, 1921)
S.Alberta, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, Rocky Mountains, Colorado Anomogyna partita McDunnough, 1921; Can. Ent. 53 (8) : 179, f. 1, TL: Alberta, Banff
= Xestia perquiritata ; [POOLE]
Anomogyna perquiritata clarkei Benjamin, 1933; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 147, TL: Shuksan, Washington
= Xestia perquiritata ; [POOLE]
= ; [MNA27.3, 152, 153]
Anomogyna perquiritata clarkei ; [NACL, #10962c]
Anomogyna perquiritata partita ; [NACL, #10962a]
Xesita (Pachnobia) perquiritata partita ; [MNA27.3, 152, 153]

fiXestia borealis (Nordström, 1933)
N.Scandinavia, C.Siberia. See [About maps] Pohjan harmoyökkönen
Aplectoides borealis Nordström, 1933; Int. ent. Z. 27: 317, TL: Sweden, Jämtland, Vällistafjäll
Agrotis imandrensis Lingonblad, 1933; 87, f. 1-3, TL: Kola Peninsula
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 140]
Xestia borealis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia borealis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) borealis ; [NE2: 140, pl. 7, f. 19-22]; [NE3, 177]
Xestia (Pachnobia) borealis ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Flight from end of June to latter half of July.

Larva on Vaccinium myrtillus [NE2]


fiXestia brunneopicta (Matsumura, 1925)
N.Finland, C.Siberia - Amur, Magadan, upper Kolyma R.. See [About maps] Anomogyna brunneopicta Matsumura, 1925; J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 131, TL: N.Sakhalin, Nyiwo, Rikovskoie
Xestia (Anomogyna) brunneopicta ; [NE2: 144, pl. 11, f. 42-43]; [NE3, 178]
Xestia (Pachnobia) brunneopicta ; [MNA27.3, 140]

fiXestia gelida (Sparre-Schneider, 1883)
N.Fennoscandia, N.Siberia. See [About maps] Savuharmoyökkönen
Agrotis gelida Sparre-Schneider, 1883; Ent. Tidskr. 1883: 88, TL: Norway, Eide, Syd-Varangen
comparata Sparre-Schneider, 1883; (preocc.)
= ; [NE2, 143]
Agrotis gelida var. mevesi Aurivillius, 1891; 116, f. 22, TL: Jemtland, Enafors
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 143]
Acronycta pfizenmayeri Herz, 1903; 75, TL: Jakutsk
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 143]
obscura Lingonblad, 1946
= ; [NE2, 143]
f. inferna Mikkola, 1989
= ; [NE2, 143]
Xestia gelida, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia gelida ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) gelida ; [NE2, 143]; [NE3, 178]
Xestia (Pachnobia) gelida ; [MNA27.3, 140]
[gelida.jpg] 500x272 (~23Kb) FINLAND: Ks: Kuusamo, 736:61, f 15.7.1985, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from end of June to latter half of July.

Larva on Vaccinium myrtillus, Taraxacum



Xestia fabulosa (Ferguson, 1965)
New Hampshire, Quebec, Newfoundland, Labrador - Yukon, British Columbia, N.Washingon, Colorado. See [About maps] Anomogyna fabulosa Ferguson, 1965; Postilla (Yale) 89: 2, f. 4-6, TL: New Hampshire, Jefferson Notch
Xestia fabulosa, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia fabulosa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia fabulosa, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia fabulosa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna fabulosa ; [NACL, #10958]
Xestia fabulosa ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) fabulosa ; [MNA27.3, 140, 153]

The rhaetica species-group
rhaetica ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia rhaetica (Staudinger, 1871)
-. See [About maps] Agrotis speciosa var. rhaetica Staudinger, 1871; in Staudinger & Wocke, Cat. Lepid. eur. Faunegeb. (Edn. 2) : 82, TL: Switzerland, Rhaetia
Xestia rhaetica, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia rhaetica, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia rhaetica, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Xestia rhaetica ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) rhaetica ; [NE3, 179]
Xestia (Pachnobia) rhaetica ; [MNA27.3, 140]; [NE12, 179, pl. 13, f. 16-17]

Larva on Galebadolon luteum, Pulmonaria Beck, 1960, Abhandlunge zur Larvalsystemtik der Insekten, No. 4:165

Alps obscura Helbig, 1932
= ; [NE2, 146]
Xestia (Anomogyna) rhaetica rhaetica ; [NE2: 146, pl. 7, f. 35]
X. r. norica (Löberbauer, 1936)
Austria (N.Alps), Tatra Anomogyna rhaetica norica Löberbauer, 1936; Zeitschr. Wien. Ent. Ges. 37: 167, TL: Höllen Mts, Kalkalpen, Switzerland
= Xestia rhaetica ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) rhaetica norica ; [NE2: 147, f. 32, pl. 7, f. 38]

fiXestia fennica (Brandt, 1936)
NEU. See [About maps] Nuoliharmoyökkönen
Anomogyna rhaetica fennica Brandt, 1936; Ent. Z. 49: 459, TL: Kuusamo, Paanajärvi, Finland
= Xestia rhaetica ; [POOLE]
Anomogyna rhaetica fennica Brandt, 1937; 97, TL: Finland, Paanajärvi
Xestia (Anomogyna) rhaetica fennica ; [NE2: 146, pl. 7, f. 36-37]; [NE3, 179 (note)]
Xeasia (Pachnobia) fennica ; [NE12, 179, pl. 13, f. 16-17]
[fennica-1.jpg] 500x289 (~25Kb) FINLAND: Ks: Kuusamo, 736:61, m 15.7.1983, Markku Savela leg. [fennica.jpg] 460x577 (~67Kb) FINLAND: Ks: Kuusamo, Jäkälänmutkantie, 13.7.1995, Photo © Juha Salokannel

Flight from first half of July to beginning of August.

Larva on Vaccinium?



Xestia homogena (McDunnough, 1921)
-. See [About maps] Anomogyna homogena McDunnough, 1921; Can. Ent. 53 (8) : 178, f. 3, TL: Alberta, Banff
Xestia homogena, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia homogena, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia homogena, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia homogena, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anomogyna homogena ; [NACL, #10964]
Xestia homogena ; [POOLE]
Xestia rhaetica homogena ; [NE2, 148 (note)]
Xestia (Pachnobia) homogena ; [MNA27.3, 140, 154]; [NE12, 179 (note)]
S.Alberta, British Columbia, N.Washington, Colorado Xestia (Pachnobia) homogena homogena ; [MNA27.3, 155]
X. h. conditoides (Benjamin, 1933)
Newfoundland, Labrador - Yukon, Alaska, Alberta, New England Anomogyna homogena conditoides Benjamin, 1933; 149, TL: Newfoundland, Salmonier
= Xestia rhaetica homogena ; [NE2, 148]
= Xestia homogena ; [POOLE]
Anomogyna homogena conditoides ; [NACL, #10964a]
Xestia (Pachnobia) homogena conditoides ; [MNA27.3, 154]

Xestia yatsugadakeana (Matsumura, 1926)
Anomogyna yatsugadakeana Matsumura, 1926; 8, pl. 1, f. 11, TL: Honshu, Yatsugadake
Xestia yatsugadakeana ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) yatsugadakeana ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia fuscogrisea Kononenko, 1984
Magadan. See [About maps] Xestia rhaetica fuscogrisea Kononenko, 1984; Ent. Obozr. 63: 625, f. 13-15, TL: Magadansckaya, Kolima, 18km from Kulu
= Xestia rhaetica ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) fuscogrisea ; [MNA27.3, 140]; [NE12, 179 (note)]

The banghaasi species-group
banghaasi ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia banghaasi (Corti & Draudt, 1933)
Sajan. See [About maps] Anomogyna banghaasi Corti & Draudt, 1933; 86, pl. 12 row h, TL: Sajan Mtns, Mondy
Xestia banghaasi ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) banghaasi ; [MNA27.3, 140]

The alaskae species-group
alaskae ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia intermedia (Kononenko, 1981)
Yukon, Alaska, NE.Siberia. See [About maps] Agrotiphila intermedia Kononenko, 1981; Proc. Zool. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR 103: 112, f. 9, TL: Chukotka, Chaplino, Mozovaya tundra
Xestia intermedia, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia intermedia, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia intermedia ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) intermedia ; [MNA27.3, 140, 155]

Xestia thula Lafontaine & Kononenko, 1983
Arctic Canada. See [About maps] Xestia (Schoyenia) thula Lafontaine & Kononenko, 1983; Ent. Scandinavica 14: 340, f. 3-4, TL: Canada, Southampton Islan, Coral Harbor
Xestia thula, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia thula, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia thula ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) thula ; [MNA27.3, 140, 156]

Xestia alaskae (Grote, 1876)
Alaska, Yukon, NE.Siberia. See [About maps] Agrotis (Pachnobia) alaskae Grote, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 3 : 84, pl. 4, f. 1, TL: Alaska
Agrotiphila alascae Hampson, 1903; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 4: 133 (emend.)
Agrotiphila singularis Kononenko, 1981; Proc. Zool. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR 103: 106 (preocc. Bombyx gothica var. singularis Esper, 1786), TL: Chukotka Chaplino, Gornaya Tundra
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 140, 157]
Xestia alaskae, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia alaskae, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia alaskae ; [POOLE]
Epipsiliamorpha alaskae ; [NACL, #10983]
Xestia (Pachnobia) alaskae ; [MNA27.3, 140, 157]

Xestia aequaeva (Benjamin, 1934)
-. See [About maps] Epipsiliamorpha aequaeva Benjamin, 1934; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 10: 87, TL: Alaska, Goodnews River
Xestia aequaeva, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia aequaeva, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Epipsiliamorpha aequaeva ; [NACL, #10984]
Xestia aequaeva ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Schoyenia) aequaeva ; [NE3, 175]
Xestia (Pachnobia) aequaeva ; [MNA27.3, 140, 157]
W.Alaska, NE.Siberia Agrotiphila brachiptera Kononenko, 1981; Proc. Zool. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR 103: 107, TL: Magadanskaja Oblast, Chukotka, Chaplino
= Xestia aequaeva ; Kononenko, Lafontaine & Mikkola, 1996
= ; [MNA27.3, 157]
Xestia (Schoyenia) brachiptera ; [NE2: 139, pl. 11, f. 40-41]
Xestia brachiptera ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) aequaeva aequaeva ; [MNA27.3, 158]
X. a. glaucina Lafontaine & Mikkola, 1995
Yukon, Alaska Xestia aequaeva glaucina Lafontaine & Mikkola, 1995; Acta Zool. Fennica 200: 85, TL: km 155, Dempster Hwy, Ogilvie Mtns, Yukon, 950m
Xestia (Pachnobia) aequaeva glaucina; [MNA27.3, 157, 158,#]

The quieta species-group
quieta ; [MNA27.3, 140]

fiXestia quieta (Hübner, [1813])
N.Scandinavia, N.Siberia, Arctic America. See [About maps] Tuhkapaljakkayökkönen
Noctua quieta Hübner, [1813]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : pl. 103, f. 485, TL: Europe
Anarta schönherri Zetterstedt, [1839]; 950, TL: Lapponia
= ; [NACL, #10985]; [POOLE]; [NE2, 137]; [MNA27.3, 159]
Anarta schoenherri Zetterstedt, 1839; Insecta Lapponica : 950, TL: [northern Lappland]
Anarta constricta Walker, 1857; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 11: 701, TL: Arctic Coast
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 137]; [MNA27.3, 159]
Anarta rigida Walker, 1857; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 11: 701, TL: Arctic Coast
= Xestia quieta constricta ; [NACL, #10985a]
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 137]; [MNA27.3, 159]
Anarta quieta var. nigricans Aurivillius, 1891; Nordens Fjärilar. Handbok I: 177
= ; [NE2, 137]; [MNA27.3, 159]
Lena poppiusi Herz, 1903; Öfvers. finska Vetensk.Soc. Förh. 45 (15) : 9, TL: Shijansk
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 137]; [MNA27.3, 159]
Xestia quieta, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia quieta, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia quieta, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Archanarta quieta constricta ; [NACL, #10985a]
Xestia quieta ; [POOLE]
Archanarta quieta ; [NACL, #10985]
Xestia (Schoyenia) quieta ; [NE2: 137, pl. 7, f. 15-17]; [NE3, 175]
Xestia (Pachnobia) quieta ; [MNA27.3, 140, 159]
[quieta.jpg] 500x513 (~47Kb) FINLAND: Li: Utsjoki, Ailigas, 775:50, m+f 8.7.1983, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from beginning of July to latter half of July.

Larva on Empetrum?



Xestia rodionovi Mikkola, 1996
Xestia (Pachnobia) rodionovi ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia bryanti (Benjamin, 1933)
tundra or above treeline (Northwest Territories, Alaska, Yukon, N.British Columbia). See [About maps] Archanarta bryanti Benjamin, 1933; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 54, TL: North West Territories, Aklavik
Archanarta acraea Benjamin, 1934; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 10: 86, TL: Alaska, McKinely National Park, Stony Creek
= ; [POOLE]; [MNA27.3, 160]
Xestia bryanti, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia bryanti, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia bryanti, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Archanarta acraea ; [NACL, #10987]
Archanarta bryanti ; [NACL, #10986]
Xestia bryanti ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) bryanti ; [MNA27.3, 140, 160]

fiXestia lyngei (Rebel, 1923)
. See [About maps] Agrotiphila lyngei Rebel, 1923; Rep. Norw. Exp. Novaya Zemlja (7): 1, pl. 1, f. 1, 2, TL: Novaya Zemlya, Maschigin Fjord
Xestia lyngei, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia lyngei, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia lyngei, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia lyngei, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia lyngei ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Schoyenia) lyngei ; [NE3, 175]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lyngei ; [MNA27.3, 140, 160]

Flight from beginning of July to latter half of July.

Larva on Empetrum

N.Siberia, NW.Alaska, Yukon Xestia (Schoyenia) lyngei lyngei ; [NE2, 136]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lyngei lyngei ; [MNA27.3, 160]
X. l. lankialai (Grönblom, 1962)
N.Finland, N.Sweden Liuskepaljakkayökkönen
Schoyenia (Archanarta) lankialai Grönblom, 1962; Cat. Lep. Fenn. reg. adiacent.: 14 (repl. Schoyenia glacialis Lankiala, 1937), TL: Finland, Saana
= Xestia lyngei ; [POOLE]
Schoyenia glacialis Lankiala, 1937; Ann. Ent. Fennica 3: 13, f. 2-3 (preocc. Orthosia glacialis Herrich-Schäffer, 1849), TL: Finland, Saana
= Xestia lyngei ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Schoyenia) lyngei lankialai ; [NE2: 136, pl. 7, f. 12-13]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lyngei lankialai ; [MNA27.3, 160]
X. l. aborigenea Kononenko, 1983
Magadan Xestia (Schoyenia) lyngei aborigenea Kononenko, 1983; Ent. Scandinavica 14: 358, f. 18, TL: Magadanskaya Oblast, 25km NW Vetrenyy
= Xestia lyngei ; [POOLE]
Xestia lyngei aborigenea ; [NE2, 137]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lyngei aborigenea ; [MNA27.3, 160]

Xestia similis (Kononenko, 1981)
Agrotiphila similis Kononenko, 1981; 110, f. 8, TL: Magadanskaya Oblast, Bilibino
Xestia similis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) similis ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia ochrops Kononenko, 1996
Xestia (Pachnobia) ochrops ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia woodi Lafontaine & Kononenko, 1983
N.Yukon, NW.Canada. See [About maps] Xestia (Schoyenia) woodi Lafontaine & Kononenko, 1983; Ent. Scandinavica 14: 261, f. 20-21, TL: Northwest Territories, Richardson Mtns, km 491 Dempster Hwy
Xestia woodi, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia woodi, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia woodi ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) woodi ; [MNA27.3, 140, 161]

Xestia magadanensis Kononenko & Lafontaine, 1983
Xestia (Schoyenia) magadanensis Kononenko & Lafontaine, 1983; in Lafontaine & Kononenko, Ent. Scandinavica 14: 361, f. 25-26, TL: Magadanskaya Oblast, Chukotka, km. 83 on Egvekinot-lultin Road
Xestia magadanensis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) magadanensis ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia fergusoni Lafontaine, 1983
Alaska, Yukon, Taimyr Peninsula. See [About maps] Xestia (Schoyenia) fergusoni Lafontaine, 1983; in Lafontaine & Kononenko, Ent. Scandinavica 14: 363, f. 22, TL: Alaska, Seward Peninsula, delta at mouth of Arctic River, 2mi SE of Shishmaref
Xestia fergusoni, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia fergusoni ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) fergusoni ; [MNA27.3, 140, 162]

Xestia liquidaria (Eversmann, 1848)
N.Siberia, Alaska, Yukon. See [About maps] Amphidasis liquidaria Eversmann, 1848; Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 21 (3) : 222, TL: "Steppen der Kirgisen jenseit des Uralflusses" [error, prob. Ural Mts.]
Amphidasis unifascia Ménétriés, 1851; in Middendorf, Reise in Sibirien. Zool. 2 (1): 58, pl. 3, f. 12
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 138]; [MNA27.3, 163]
Schoyenia arctica Aurivillius, 1883; Ent. Tidskr. 4 : 193 (preocc. Hadena arctica Zetterstedt, [1839]), TL: Novaya Zemlya
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 138]; [MNA27.3, 163]
Psychophora fasciata Skinner, 1902; Ent. News 13 (4) : 141, TL: Alaska, Point Barrow
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 138]; [MNA27.3, 163]
Schoeneyia[sic] simplicissima Tschetverikov, 1911; Ann. Zool. Mus. Imp. Acad. Sci. 16: 34, TL: Jurjubej River, Yamal Island
= ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 138]; [MNA27.3, 163]
Xestia liquidaria, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia liquidaria, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Barrovia fasciata ; [NACL, #10934]
Xestia liquidaria ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Schoyenia) liquidaria ; [NE2: 138, pl. 7, f. 18, pl. 11, f. 1]; [NE3, 175]
Xestia (Pachnobia) liquidaria ; [MNA27.3, 140, 162]

The laetabilis species-group
laetabilis ; [MNA27.3, 140]

fiXestia laetabilis (Zetterstedt, 1839)
. See [About maps] Hento harmoyökkönen
Hadena laetabilis Zetterstedt, 1839; Insecta Lapponica : 939, TL: "Lapponia borealis"
Hadena obliterata Zetterstedt, 1839; Insecta Lapponica : 941, TL: Lapponia borealis
= ; [NE2, 141]
Xestia laetabilis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia laetabilis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia obliterata ; [POOLE]
Anomogyna laetabilis ; [NACL, #10963]
Xestia laetabilis ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) laetabilis ; [NE2: 141, f. 29, pl. 7, f. 23-26, 28]; [NE3, 177]
Xestia (Pachnobia) laetabilis ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Flight in July

Larva on Vaccinium myrtillus

N.Scandinavia
X. l. minor (Herz, 1903)
N.Siberia Anomogyna laetabilis var. minor Herz, 1903; 81, TL: Verchojansk
= Xestia laetabilis ; [POOLE]
Xestia laetabilis minor ; [NE2, 143 (note)]
X. l. pergratiosa (Kovaçs & Varga, 1973)
N.Mongolia Anomogyna laetabilis pergratiosa Kovaçs & Varga, 1973; 336, pl. 2, f. 5, TL: Mongolia, Chovsgol Aimak, N of Somon Chatgal, SW side of Chovsgol nuur
= Xestia laetabilis ; [POOLE]
Xestia laetabilis pergratiosa ; [NE2, 143 (note)]

fiXestia distensa (Eversmann, 1851)
N.Scandinavia. See [About maps] Caradrina distensa Eversmann, 1851; Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 24 (2) : 633, TL: Irkutsk
Xestia distensa, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Xestia distensa ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Anomogyna) distensa ; [NE2, 143]; [NE3, 177]
Xestia (Pachnobia) distensa ; [MNA27.3, 140]
[distensa.jpg] 550x432 (~32Kb) FINLAND: Ks: Kuusamo, 15.7.1995, Photo © Juha Salokannel


Xestia lupa Lafontaine & Mikkola, 1998
Yukon - Labrador, N.British Columbia. See [About maps] lupa Lafontaine & Mikkola, 1998; in Lafontaine, Moths Am. N of Mexico 27.3 [MNA27.3]: 163, pl. 4, f. 46-48, TL: km 155 Dempster Hwy, Ogilvie Mtns
Xestia lupa, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Xestia lupa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia lupa, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Xestia lupa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia (Pachnobia) lupa ; [MNA27.3, 140]

The penthima species-group
penthima ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia kurentzovi (Kononenko, 1984)
Xestia (Pachnobia) kurentzovi ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia penthima (Erschoff, 1870)
E.Siberia. See [About maps] Erastria penthima Erschoff, 1870
Xestia (Pachnobia) penthima ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia laxa Lafontaine & Mikkola, 1998
Yukon. See [About maps] Xestia (Pachnobia) laxa Lafontaine & Mikkola, 1998; in Lafontaine, Moths Am. N of Mexico 27.3 [MNA27.3]: 140, 164, pl. 4, f. 49, TL: Yukon, British Mtns
Xestia laxa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Xestia laxa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Xestia (Pachnobia) laxa ; [MNA27.3, 140]

Xestia magadanica (Kononenko, 1981)
Xestia (Pachnobia) magadanica ; [MNA27.3, 140]

The ? species-group

Xestia subgrisea (Staudinger, 1897)
Agrotis subgrisea Staudinger, 1897; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris, 10 (2) : 330, pl. 9, f. 25, TL: Apfel Mtns
Anomogyna excavata Matsumura, 1925; 131, pl. 10, f. 20, TL: Sakhalin, Nyiwo
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia subgrisea ; [POOLE]
Xestia (Pachnobia) subgrisea ; [NE12, pl. 13, f. 7-10]

Subgenus ?

Xestia caelebs (Staudinger, 1895)
Agrotis caelebs Staudinger, 1895; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 313, TL: between Lob Noor and Kuku Noor
Cerastis caelebs ; [POOLE]
Xestia caelebs ; [NE2, 183]

Xestia dilatata (Butler, 1879)
Japan. See [About maps] Mesogona dilatata Butler, 1879; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 4 (23): 364, TL: Japan, near Yokohama
Megasema cinnamomea Moore, 1881; 352, pl. 38, f. 6, TL: Darjiling
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia dilatata ; [POOLE]

Xestia latinigra (Prout, 1928)
Sumatra. See [About maps] Agrotis latinigra Prout, 1928; 63, TL: Slopes of Mt Korintji [Sumatra]
Xestia latinigra ; [MOB12: 69]; [POOLE]

Xestia crassipuncta (Wileman & West)
Luzon. See [About maps] Xestia crassipuncta ; [MOB12: 69 (comb. n.)]

Xestia isolata (Holloway, 1976)
Borneo. See [About maps] Amathes isolata Holloway, 1976; Moths of Borneo with special reference to Mt. Kinabalu: 6, pl. 2, f. 25, TL: Mt. Kinabalu, Radio Sabah
Xestia isolata ; [MOB12: 69, pl. 1, f. 12, 50-52]; [POOLE]

Xestia dyris (Zerny, 1934)
Morocco (High Atlas). See [About maps] Rhyacia dyris Zerny, 1934; 33, pl. 6, f. 13-14, TL: Morocco, between Tachdirt and Tizi
Xestia dyris ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 26 (note)]

The "yellow hindwings" species-group

Xestia efflorescens (Butler, 1879)
E.Asia, Amurland, Japan. See [About maps] Triphaenopsis efflorescens Butler, 1879; 361, TL: Japan, near Yokohama
Triphaena jankowski Oberthür, 1884; 20, pl. 2, f. 10, TL: Sidemi
= ; [POOLE]
Noctua efflorescens ;
Xestia efflorescens ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 71 (note)]

Xestia semiherbida (Walker, 1857)
W.China, N.India, Japan. See [About maps] Triphaena semiherbida Walker, 1857; 743, TL: Northern India
Epilecta decorata Butler, 1879; 361, TL: Japan, near Yokohama
= ; [POOLE]
Noctua semiherbida ;
Xestia semiherbida ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 71 (note)]

Xestia pseudaccipiter (Boursin, 1948)
Sichuan, .... See [About maps] Amathes pseudaccipiter Boursin, 1948; Z. Wien. Ent. Ges. 33: 120, pl. 3, f. 3-4, TL: Sichuan, Ta-Tsien-lu
Xestia pseudaccipter[sic, recte pseudaccipiter] ; [POOLE]
Xestia pseudoaccipiter[sic, recte pseudaccipiter] ; [NE2, 71 (note)]

Xestia flavilinea (Wileman, 1912)
Formosa Epilecta flavilinea Wileman, 1912; 130, TL: Formosa, Arizan
Xestia flavilinea ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 71 (note)]

Xestia sternecki (Boursin, 1948)
Sichuan. See [About maps] Amathes sternecki Boursin, 1948; 123, pl. 3, f. 7, TL: Sichuan
Xestia sternecki ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 71 (note)]

Xestia draesekei (Boursin, 1948)
Sichuan. See [About maps] Amathes draesekei Boursin, 1948; 124, pl. 3, f. 5-6, TL: Sichuan, Sunpanting
Xestia draesekei ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 71 (note)]

Xestia bryocharis (Boursin, 1963)
Yunnan. See [About maps] Amathes bryocharis Boursin, 1963; 40, pl. 2, f. 28-29, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia bryocharis ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 71 (note)]

Xestia triphaenoides (Boursin, 1948)
Sichuan. See [About maps] Amathes triphaenoides Boursin, 1948; 125, pl. 3, f. 8, TL: Sichuan, Ta-tsien-lu
Xestia triphaenoides ; [POOLE]; [NE2, 71 (note)]

Xestia geochroa (Boursin, 1940)
W.Kansu. See [About maps] Agrotis (Chersotis) geochroa Boursin, 1940; 306, pl. 9, f. 2, TL: West Kansu, Richthofen Mtns
Rhyacia geochroa ; [POOLE]
Xestia geochroa ; [NHM]

Xestia senescens (Staudinger, 1881)
Agrotis senescens Staudinger, 1881; 416, TL: Saisan
Agrotis kungessi Alphéraky, 1882; 62, pl. 1, f. 49, TL: Kouldja, Kounguesse [Xinjiang]
= ; [POOLE]
Agrotis senescens var. senilis Staudinger, 1888; 1, TL: Kuldja distr.; Alexander Mtns
= ; [POOLE]
Episilia cungessi Hampson, 1903; 485 (emend.)
= ; [POOLE]
Agrotis senescens var. semota Corti, 1925; 37, f. 3, TL: Sajan region
= ; [POOLE]
Eugraphe senescens ; [POOLE]
Xestia senescens ; [NHM]

 

Xestia adducta (Herz, 1898)
Palatagrotis sincera var. adducta Herz, 1898; 255, TL: NE.Siberia, Wilui
Xestia adducta ; [POOLE]

Xestia agalma (Püngeler, 1899)
Agrotis agalma Püngeler, 1899; 289, pl. 8, f. 7, TL: Kuku-Noor
Xestia agalma ; [POOLE]

Xestia agnorista (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes agnorista Boursin, 1963; 43, pl. 3, f. 34, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia agnorista ; [POOLE]

Xestia amydra (Boursin, 1948)
Amathes amydra Boursin, 1948; 126, pl. 3, f. 9-10, TL: China, Sichuan, Ta-tsien-lu
Xestia amydra ; [POOLE]

Xestia aplectoides (Draudt, 1950)
Bombycia aplectoides Draudt, 1950; 62, pl. 4, f. 18, TL: [Yunnan] A-tun-tse
Bombycia aplectoides f. fulvipicte Draudt, 1950; 62, TL: [Yunnan] A-tun-tse
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia aplectoides ; [POOLE]

Xestia argyrea (Boursin, 1969)
Amathes argyrea Boursin, 1969; 219, f. 9-10, TL: Afghanistan, E of Band i Amir
Xestia argyrea ; [POOLE]

Xestia australiae (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874)
Pachnobia? australiae Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874; pl. 111, f. 27, TL: Australia
Xestia australiae ; [POOLE]

Xestia perigrapha (Püngeler, 1900)
Agrotis perigrapha Püngeler, 1900; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 12 (2) : 290, pl. 8, f. 10
Paramathes perigrapha ;

Xestia picata (Bang-Haas, 1912)
Algeria. See [About maps] Agrotis picata Bang-Haas, 1912; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 26 (3): 140, TL: Batna, Algeria
Paramathes picata ;

 

Xestia bdelygma (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes bdelygma Boursin, 1963; 59, pl. 3, f. 54-55, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia bdelygma ; [POOLE]

Xestia brunneago (Staudinger, 1895)
Hiptelia brunneago Staudinger, 1895; 326, TL: between Lob Noor and Kuku Noor
Xestia brunneago ; [POOLE]

Xestia cervina (Moore, 1867)
Mythimna cervina Moore, 1867; 47, pl. 6, f. 18, TL: Bengal
Xestia cervina ; [POOLE]

Xestia c-fuscum (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes c-fuscum Boursin, 1963; 30, pl. 1, f. 8, TL: Si-kang, Batang [Sichuan]
Xestia c-fuscum ; [POOLE]

Xestia consanguinea (Moore, 1881)
Ochropleura consanguinea Moore, 1881; 353, TL: Solun; Dahlhousie [Himachal Pradesh]
Xestia consanguinea ; [POOLE]

Xestia costaestriga (Staudinger, 1895)
Agrotis costaestriga Staudinger, 1895; 305, pl. 5, f. 14, TL: between Lob Noor and Kuku Noor
Xestia costaestriga ; [POOLE]

Xestia curviplena (Walker, 1865)
Orthosia curviplena Walker, 1865; 715, TL: Darjiling
Xestia curviplena ; [POOLE]

Xestia deraiota (Hampson, 1902)
Agrotis deraiota Hampson, 1902; 198, pl. B, f. 7, TL: Ceylon, Maturatta
Xestia deraiota ; [POOLE]

Xestia descripta (Bremer, 1861)
Noctua descripta Bremer, 1861; 487, TL: Bureja Mtns
Agrotis pachnobides Staudinger, 1888; 246, TL: Wladiwostok; Askold
= ; [POOLE]
Rhyacia pelita Corti & Draudt, 1933; 77, pl. 11 row h, TL: Raddeffka
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia descripta ; [POOLE]

Xestia destitua (Leech, 1900)
Graphiphora destitua Leech, 1900; 41, TL: Pu-tsu-fong
Xestia destitua ; [POOLE]

Xestia diagrapha (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes diagrapha Boursin, 1963; 51, pl. 3, f. 45, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia diagrapha ; [POOLE]

Xestia dianthoecioides (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes dianthoecioides Boursin, 1963; 50, pl. 3, f. 43, TL: South Sensi, Tsinling, Tapai-shan
Xestia dianthoecioides ; [POOLE]

Xestia effundens (Corti, 1927)
Xestia? effundens Corti, 1927; 10, pl. 1, f. 5, TL: Sichuan
Xestia effundens ; [POOLE]

Xestia erschoffi (Staudinger, 1896)
Agrotis erschoffi Staudinger, 1896; 248 (repl. Agrotis ledereri Staudinger, 1888), TL: Margelan; Samarkand; Osch
Agrotis ledereri Staudinger, 1888; 2 (preocc.), TL: Margelan; Samarkand; Osch
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia erschoffi ; [POOLE]

Xestia erythraea (Corti & Draudt, 1933)
Rhyacia (Diarsia) erythraea Corti & Draudt, 1933; 76, pl. 11 row g, TL: Sichuan, Ta-tsien-lu
Xestia erythraea ; [POOLE]

Xestia erythroxantha (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes erythroxantha Boursin, 1963; 56, pl. 3, f. 51, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia erythroxantha ; [POOLE]

Xestia eugnorista (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes eugnorista Boursin, 1963; 46, pl. 3, f. 37, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia eugnorista ; [POOLE]

Xestia exoleta (Leech, 1900)
Agrotis exoleta Leech, 1900; 26, TL: Sichuan, Omei-shan
Rhyacia exoleta var. infuscata Draeseke, 1928; 299, TL: "Sungp."
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia exoleta ; [POOLE]

Xestia forsteri (Boursin, 1964)
Amathes forsteri Boursin, 1964; 16, pl. 1, f. 19, TL: Nepal, Gunsa, Nanangbhot
Xestia forsteri ; [POOLE]

Xestia hemitragidia (Boursin, 1964)
Amathes hemitragidia Boursin, 1964; 17, pl. 1, f. 20, TL: Nepal, Managbhot, Jargen-Khola
Xestia hemitragidia ; [POOLE]

Xestia hoeferi (Corti, 1928)
Epipsilia? höferi Corti, 1928; 59, pl. 1, f. 6, TL: Sichuan, Ta-tsien-lou
Xestia hoeferi ; [POOLE]

Xestia hoenei (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes hoenei Boursin, 1963; 38, pl. 2, f. 24-25, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia hoenei ; [POOLE]

Xestia homochroma (Hampson, 1903)
Episilia homochroma Hampson, 1903; 493, pl. 73, f. 14, TL: Tibet, Yatung
Xestia homochroma ; [POOLE]

Xestia infantilis (Staudinger, 1895)
Agrotis infantilis Staudinger, 1895; 305, TL: between Lob Noor and Kuku Noor
Xestia infantilis ; [POOLE]

Xestia isochroma (Hampson, 1903)
Episilia isochroma Hampson, 1903; 502, pl. 73, f. 20, TL: Tibet, Yatung
Xestia isochroma ; [POOLE]

Xestia junctura (Moore, 1881)
Agrotis junctura Moore, 1881; 351, TL: Dalhousie [Himachal Pradesh]
Xestia junctura ; [POOLE]

Xestia khadoma (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes khadoma Boursin, 1963; 54, pl. 3, f. 49-50, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia khadoma ; [POOLE]

Xestia kollari (Lederer, 1853)
Graphophora[sic] kollari Lederer, 1853; 366, pl. 4, f. 1, TL: Siberia
Ochropleura plumbata Butler, 1881; 180, TL: Japan, Tokyo
= ; [POOLE]
Agrotis collari Hampson, 1903; 399 (emend.)
Xestia kollari ; [POOLE]

Xestia leptophysa (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes leptophysa Boursin, 1963; 53, pl. 3, f. 47, TL: Sichuan, Si-kang, Batang
Xestia leptophysa ; [POOLE]

Xestia lobbichleri (Boursin, 1964)
Amathes lobbichleri Boursin, 1964; 15, pl. 1, f. 16, TL: Nepal, Mangbhot, Naurgaon
Xestia lobbichleri ; [POOLE]

Xestia lycophotioides (Rothschild, 1914)
Euxoa lycophotioides Rothschild, 1914; 319, TL: Algeria, Guelt-Es-Stel
Euxoa straminea Rothschild, 1914; 318, TL: Algeria, Guelt-Es-Stel
= ; [POOLE]
Lycophotia inconspicua Rothschild, 1914; 320, TL: Guelt-Es-Stel
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia lycophotioides ; [POOLE]

Xestia mandarina (Leech, 1900)
Ochropleura mandarina Leech, 1900; 36, TL: Chia-kou-ho
Xestia mandarina ; [POOLE]

Xestia mejiasi (Pinker, 1961)
Amathes mejiasi Pinker, 1961; 65, pl. 3, f. 4, TL: Gran Canaria, Tamadaba
Xestia mejiasi ; [POOLE]

Xestia metagrapha (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes metagrapha Boursin, 1963; 57, pl. 3, f. 52, TL: Sichuan, Si-kang, Batang
Xestia metagrapha ; [POOLE]

Xestia murtea (Corti & Draudt, 1933)
Rhyacia (Diarsia) murtea Corti & Draudt, 1933; 76, pl. 11 rw f, TL: Sichuan, Ta-tsien-lu
Xestia murtea ; [POOLE]

Xestia mysarops (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes mysarops Boursin, 1963; 60, pl. 3, f. 57-58, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia mysarops ; [POOLE]

Xestia nisseni (Rothschild, 1912)
Agrotis nisseni Rothschild, 1912; 125, TL: Tunisia, Ain Draham
Rhyacia baja var. durandi Lucas, 1932; 185, TL: Algeria, Le Tarf
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia nisseni ; [POOLE]

Xestia nyei Plante, 1979
Xestia nyei Plante, 1979; 136, f. 5, TL: Nepal, Chakabot, 3km SE of Sangda
Xestia nyei ; [POOLE]

Xestia nyiwonis (Matsumura, 1925)
Hypoxestia nyiwonis Matsumura, 1925; 145, pl. 9, f. 3, TL: Sakhalin, Nyiwo
Xestia nyiwonis ; [POOLE]

Xestia olivascens (Hampson, 1894)
Agrotis olivascens Hampson, 1894; 182, TL: Sikkim
Xestia olivascens ; [POOLE]

Xestia orthosioides (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes orthosioides Boursin, 1963; 48, pl. 3, f. 39-40, TL: Sichuan, Si-kang, Batang
Xestia orthosioides ; [POOLE]

Xestia pachyceras (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes pachyceras Boursin, 1963; 63, pl. 4, f. 64-65, TL: Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia pachyceras ; [POOLE]

Xestia pallidago (Staudinger, 1900)
Xanthia pallidago Staudinger, 1900; 377, TL: SE.Taurus, Zeitung
Xestia pallidago ; [POOLE]

Xestia pancta (Püngeler, 1906)
Episilia (Agrotis) pancta Püngeler, 1906; 86, pl. 7, f. 14, TL: Alexander Mtns
Xestia pancta ; [POOLE]

Xestia patricia (Staudinger, 1895)
Agrotis patricia Staudinger, 1895; 312, TL: between Lob Noor and Kuku Noor
Xestia patricia ; [POOLE]

Xestia perornata (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes perornata Boursin, 1963; 49, pl. 3, f. 41-42, TL: Yunnan, A-tun-tse
Xestia perornata ; [POOLE]

Xestia propitia (Püngeler, 1906)
Aplectoides (Agrotis) propitia Püngeler, 1906; 89, pl. 7, f. 15, TL: Kuku-Noor
Anomogyna propitia argentea Boursin, 1963; 28, TL: [Sichuan] Si-Kang, Batang
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia propitia ; [POOLE]

Xestia pyrrhothrix (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes pyrrhothrix Boursin, 1963; 64, pl. 4, f. 66, TL: N.Yunnan, Li-kiang
Xestia pyrrhothrix ; [POOLE]

Xestia renalis (Moore, 1881)
Axylia renalis Moore, 1881; 341, TL: Kashmir, Sind Valley; [Himachal Pradesh] Solon
Ochropleura subpurpurea Leech, 1900; 35, TL: Sichuan, Omei-shan; Wa-ssu-kow
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia renalis ; [POOLE]

Xestia retracta (Hampson, 1903)
Episilia retracta Hampson, 1903; 489, pl. 73, f. 7, TL: Sikkim
Xestia retracta ; [POOLE]

Xestia roseicosta (Boursin, 1963)
Amathes roseicosta Boursin, 1963; 44, pl. 3, f. 35-36, TL: N.Yunnan, A-tun-tse
Xestia roseicosta ; [POOLE]

Xestia stupenda (Butler, 1878)
Ochropleura stupenda Butler, 1878; 166, TL: Yokohama
Noctua stupens Oberthür, 1880; 75, pl. 7, f. 7, TL: Askold
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia stupenda ; [POOLE]

Xestia sublima (Kozhantschikov, 1925)
Rhyacia sublima Kozhantschikov, 1925; 74, TL: Sajan Mtns, Bryba Lake, Irgek Targak
Xestia sublima ; [POOLE]

Xestia tamsi (Wileman & West, 1929)
Agrotis tamsi Wileman & West, 1929; 1, TL: Formosa, Arizan
Xestia tamsi ; [POOLE]

Xestia tenera (Hampson, 1911)
Agrotiphila tenera Hampson, 1911; 415, TL: Tibet, Lanark Valley
Xestia tenera ; [POOLE]

Xestia tenuis (Butler, 1889)
Anchocelis tenuis Butler, 1889; 57, pl. 127, f. 12, TL: Laka
Amathes tenuis nepalensis Boursin, 1964; 16, pl. 1, f. 17, TL: Nepal, Penga, Ustangbhot
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia tenuis ; [POOLE]

Xestia versuta (Püngeler, 1909)
Agrotis versuta Püngeler, 1909; 287, pl. 4, f. 4, TL: Kuku-Noor
Rhyacia invenusta Kozhantschikov, 1926; 81, TL: near Minusinsk, Tagarsky Island
= ; [POOLE]
Agrotis kozhantschikovi Corti & Draudt, 1933; 62 (repl. Rhyacia invenusta Kozhantschikov, 1926), TL: near Minusinsk, Tagarsky Island
= ; [POOLE]
Agrotis agalmona Bryk, 1949; 64, pl. 4, f. 21, TL: Korea, Shuotsu
= ; [POOLE]
Xestia versuta ; [POOLE]

Xestia vidua (Staudinger, 1892)
Agrotis vidua Staudinger, 1892; 409, pl. 7, f. 3, TL: Askold
Xestia vidua ; [POOLE]


8.12.2013 (179)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[ESP]
Heppner, 1981; The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abblidungen... 1776-[1830]; Archives of Natural History (1981) 10 (2): 251-254
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[Jari Kaitila]
Suomen Perhostutkijain Seura
[Karl Hofsäß]
Karl Hofsaess; e-mail: Karl Hofsäß
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MNA27.3]
Lafontaine, 1998; The Moths of America North of Mexico, 27.3; NOCTUOIDEA; Noctuidae (part): 348pp
[MOB12]
Holloway, 1989; The Moths of Bornee, Part 12; Family Noctuidae, trifine subfamilies: Noctuinae, Heliothina, Hadeninae, Acronictinae, Amphipyrinae, Agaristinae
[MOB8]
Holloway, 1998; The Moths of Borneo, Part 8; Families Castniidae, Callidulidae, Drepanidae and Uraniidae
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NE12]
Fibiger, Ronkay, Yela & Zilli, 2010; Noctuidae Europeaea 12; Rivulinae - Euteliinae, and Micronoctuidae and Supplement to Volume 1-11
[NE2]
Fibiger, 1993; Noctuidae Europaeae 2; Noctuinae II
[NE3]
Fibiger, 1997; Noctuidae Europaeae 3; Noctuinae III
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[NOCTS]
Noctuid Search; An Interactive Key to Identify the Noctuidae of North America; e-mail: Thomas D. Eichlin; e-mail: Scott A. Kinnee; Dennis E. Mayhew; Ronald E. Somerby; Charles S. Papp
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[POOLE]
Poole, 1989; Lepidopterorum catalogus (n.s.) 118 - Noctuidae
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Alphéraky, 1887
Diagnosen einiger neuer centralasiatischer Lepidopteren Stettin Ent. Ztg 48 (4-6) : 162-171
Alphéraky, 1892
Lepidoptera nova a Gr. Grum-Grshimailo in Asia Centrali novissime lecta Horae Soc. ent. ross. 26 (3-4) : 444-459
Alphéraky, 1897
Mémoire sur différents Lépidoptéres, tant nouveaux que peu connus, de la faune paléarctique in Romanoff, Mém. Lép. 9 : 185-227
Aurivillius, 1883
Lepidoptera Ent. Tidskr. 4 : 191-194
Aurivillius, 1891
Sveriges, Norges, Danmarks och Finlands. Macrolepidoptera Nordens Fjärilar. Handbok I: 277pp, Lii, 49pls (1888-1891)
Bang-Haas, 1910
Neue oder wenig bekannte palaearktische Macrolepidopteren Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (3) : 27-51, pl. 3-4
Bang-Haas, 1912
Neue oder wenig bekannte palaearktische Makrolepidopteren. (IV-VI) Dt. ent. Z. Iris 26 (2): 103-110 (1912), (3): 139-162 (1912), (4): 229-230, pl. 6 (1913)
Barnes & Benjamin, 1929
Lepidopterological contributions Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 24 : 164-186
Barnes & McDunnough, 1916
A new noctuid genus Can. Ent. 48 (8) : 290-291
Beck, 1960
Die Larval Systematik der Eulen Abhandlunge zur Larvalsystemtik der Insekten, No. 4
Benjamin, 1933
Notes on Phalaenidae from Arctic America supplemented with material from high altitudes Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 53-62
Benjamin, 1933
Notes on Phalaenidae (Lepidoptera) Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 145-150
Boisduval, 1840
Genera et Index Methodicus Europaeorum Lepidopterorum Genera Index Eur. Lepid.: 238pp : 1-238
Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Cinquiéme. Noctuélites. Tome 1 Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 1-407, Atlas (Noctuelites): pl. 1-24 (1858)
Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Sixiéme. Noctuélites. Tome 2 Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 6 (Noct. 2) : 1-443, Atlas (Noctuelites): pl. 1-24 (1858)
Boursin, 1948
Neue palaearktische Agrotis-Arten aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Wien nebst synonymie-notizen Z. Wien. Ent. Ges. 33: 33: 97-136, 14pls
Boursin, 1954
Die "Agrotis"-Arten aus Dr. h.c. H. Höne's China-ausbeuten (Beiträge zur Fauna Sinica) Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 5 (3-4): 213-309, 14pls
Brandt, 1936
Anomogyna rhaetica (Stgr.) fennica subsp. nov. Ent. Z. 49: 459
Bryk, 1942
Zur Kenntnis der Großschmetterlinge der Kurilen Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 56 : 1-90, pl. 1-2
Butler, 1879
Descriptions of new Species of Lepidoptera from Japan Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 4 (23): 349-374, (24): 437-457
Cockayne, 1944
New subspecies and aberrations of British macro-lepidoptera Ent. Rec. J. Var. 56 : 53-56
Cockayne, 1946
Aberrations of British macrolepidoptera Ent. Rec. J. Var. 58 (6): 73-75, (7-8): 91-95, pl. 1-2
Cockayne, 1952
Aberrations of British Macrolepidoptera Ent. Rec. J. Var. 64 : 33-37, pl. 2, : 129-131, pl. 5
Culot, 1910
Noctuelles et Géomètres d'Europe. I. 1909-1913 Noct. et Géom. Europe 1 : 1-212, pl. 1-38
Dannehl, 1925
Beiträge zur Lepidopteren-Fauna Südtirols Ent. Z. 39 : 15 (1925), : 122-123 (1925), : 155-156, 184 (1926)
Doubleday, 1855
A new species of Agrotis Zoologist 13 : 4749
Duponchel in Godart & Duponchel, 1827
Histoire naturelle des Lépidoptères ou Papillons de France. Nocturnes 4 (1) Hist. nat. Lépid. Fr. 7 (1) : 1-528, pl. 101-132
Dyar, 1916
Descriptions of new Lepidoptera from Mexico Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 51 (2139) : 1-37
Esper, 1786
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil III. Die Nachtschmetterlinge Die. Schmett., Th. III (15): 1-32, pl. 1-6 (1782), (16): 33-56, pl. 7-12 (1782), (17): 57-88, pl. 6A, 13-17 (1783), (18): 89-104, pl. 18-23 (1783), (19): 105-136, pl. 24-31 (1784), (20): 137-184, pl. 32-37 (1785), (21): 185-208, pl. 38-43 (1785), (22): 209-240, pl. 44-49 (1785), (23): 241-272, pl. 50-55 (1785), (24): 273-288, pl. 56-61 (1786), (25): 289-312, pl. 62-67 (1786), (26): 313-328, pl. 68-73 (1786), (27): 329-344, pl. 74-79 (1786), (28): 345-396 (1786)
Esper, 1790
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil IV. Die Eulenphalenen Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 1 (29): 1-16, pl. 80-85 (Noct. 1-6) (1786), (30): 17-32, pl. 86-91 (Noct. 7-12) (1786), (31): 33-48, pl. 92-97 (Noct. 13-18) (1787), (32): 49-64, pl. 98-103 (Noct. 19-24) (1787), (33): 65-80, pl. 104-109 (Noct. 25-30) (1787), (34): 81-96, pl. 110-115 (Noct. 31-36) (1787), (35): 97-112, pl. 116-121 (Noct. 37-42) (1787), (36-37): 113-144, pl. 122-133 (Noct. 43-54) (1788), (38): 145-160, pl. 134-139 (Noct. 55-60) (1788), (39): 161-176, pl. 140-145 (Noct. 61-66) (1789), (40): 177-192, pl. 146-151 (Noct. 67-72) (1790), (41): 193-208, pl. 152-155, 99B, 105B (Noct. 73-76) (1790), (42-44): 209-320, pl. 156-167, 117A (Noct. 77-88) (1791), (45-46): 321-352, pl. 168-177, 125B, 125C (Noct. 89-98) (1791), (47): 353-372, pl. 178-183 (Noct. 99-104) (1794)
Esper, 1798; Esper, [1803]
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil IV. Die Eulenphalenen Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 2 (Abs. 1) (48): 373-420, pl. 184-186 (Noct. 105-107) (1796), (Abs. 1) (49-50): 421-464, pl. 187-191 (Noct. 108-112) (1798), (Abs. 1) (51): 465-496, pl. [192],[193] (Noct. 113-114) ([1799-1803]), (Abs. 1) (52): 497-536, pl. 194-195 (Noct. 115-116) (1804), (Abs. 1) (53): 537-632, pl. 196 (Noct. 117) (1804), (Abs. 1) (54): 633-698, pl. 197-198 (Noct. 118-119) (1805), (Abs. 2) (49-50): 1-44 (1798), (Abs. 2) (51): 45-54 ([1799-1803]), (Abs. 2) (52): 55-62 (1804), (Abs. 2) (53): 63-85 (1805)
Eversmann, 1848
Beschreibung einigen neuen falter Russlands Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 21 (3) : 205-232
Eversmann, 1851
Description de quelques nouvelles espéce de Lépidoptéres de la Russie Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 24 (2) : 610-644
Ferguson, 1965
A new North American noctuid of the genus Anomogyna (Insecta: Lepidoptera) Postilla (Yale) 89: 1-11
Fischer von Waldheim, 1820
Entomolographie de la Russe. Entomographia Imperii Russici. Volume 1 Entomographia Imp. ross., 1: 210pp, vii, 25pls
Franclemont, 1980
"Noctua c-nigrum" in eastern North America, the description of two new species of Xestia Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Noctuinae) Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 82 (4) : 576-586
de Freina & Hacker, 1985
Neue Arten und Unterarten der Familie Noctuidae aus Anatolien und Türkisch Kurdistan (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) Entomofauna 6 (19): 241-261
Freyer, 1838
Neuere Beiträge zur Schmetterlingskunde mit Abbildungen nach der Natur. (33-48) Neuere Beitr. Schmett. 3 : 1-20 (1836), : 21-52 (1837), : 53-124 (1838), : 125-166 (1839)
Godman & Salvin, 1889
Biologia Centrali-Americana; or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna of Mexico and Central America. Zoology. Lepidoptera. Heterocera Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 1-490, 3: pl. 1-101
Grote, 1873
Descriptions of Noctuidae principally from California Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 1 : 129-155
Grote, 1874
Remarks on North American Noctuidae with descriptions of new species Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 5 : 89-98
Grote, 1876
On a new Species of Anarta and on an allied Genus, with a note on the genus Adita Ann. Lyc. nat. Hist. N.Y. 11 : 107-109
Grote, 1876
On Noctuidae from the Pasific Coast of North America Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 3 : 77-87
Grote, 1878
Descriptions of Noctuidae, chiefly from California Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv. 4 : 169-187
Grote, 1879
Description of two species of Agrotis, and two of Apatela Can. Ent. 11 (3) : 56-59
Grote, 1879
New Western Noctudae North Amer. Ent. 1 (5): 38-39, (6): 43-46
Grote, 1880
New species of moths North Amer. Ent. 1 (11): 91-95, (12): 97-99
Hampson, 1903
Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 4: i-xx [?], 1-689, pl. 55-77, 5: pl. 78 (f. 1-22)
Hampson, 1913
Descriptions of new Genera and Species of Noctuidae Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 12 (72) : 580-601
Harvey, 1878
New Noctuae Can. Ent. 10 (3) : 55-58
Haworth, 1809
Lepidoptera Britannica, sistens digestimen novam lepidopterorum quae in Magna Britannica reperiunter ... adjunguntur dissertationes variae ad historiam naturalam spectantes Lepid. Britannica (1): 1-136 (1803), (2): 137-376 ([1809]), (3): 377-512 ([1811]), (4): 513-609 (1828)
Hering, 1846
Lepidopterologische beiträge Stettin ent. Z. 7 : 226-238
Herrich-Schäffer, [1849]; Herrich-Schäffer, [1851]
Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu J. Hübner's Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge, Die Schwärmer, Spinner und Eulen, (1843-) 1845 (-1855) Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 2 (1): (v) pl. 1-2, f. 1-18, (viii) pl. 1-2, f. 1-12, (ix) pl. 1-2, f. 1-11 (1843), (2): (vii) pl. 1, f. 1-3, (ix) pl. 3, f. 12-16 (1843), (6): (ii) pl. 1, f. 1-5, (v) pl. 3-6, f. 19-49, (viii) pl. 3-4, f. 13-22 (1844), (7): (v) pl. 7, f. 50-56, (vii) pl. 2, f. 4-6 (1844), (9): (viii) pl. 5-9, f. 23-46, (ix) pl. 4-8, f. 17-40 (1844), (10): (ix) pl. 9-13, f. 41-64 (1845), (11): (ix) pl. 14-23, f. 65-114 (1845), (13): [1], 2-24 (1846), (14): 25-48, (iii) pl. 1, f. 1-6, (v) pl. 8-9, f. 57-70 (1846), (15): (v) pl. 10-11, f. 71-84, (viii) pl. 10-16, f. 47-84, (ix) pl. 24-28, f. 115-140 (1846), (17): 49-88, (vi) pl. 1-8, f. 1-46 (1846), (18): 89-104, (ix) pl. 29-38, f. 141-194 (1846), (19): (ix) pl. 39-52, f. 195-264 (1846), (21): 105-128, (v) pl. 12-13, f. 85-95, (vii) pl. 3-4, f. 7-13, (viii) pl. 17-22, f. 85-123 (1847), (23): 129-152, (ix) pl. 53-62, f. 265-316 (1847), (25): (ix) pl. 63-69, f. 317-356 (1847), (26): 153-166 (1847), (31): (viii) pl. 23-27, f. 124-147 (1848), (32): (vi) pl. 9, f. 47-63 (1848), (35): 167-190 (1848), (37): 191-214, (ix) pl. 70-76, f. 357-393 (1849), (38): 215-238, (ix) pl. 77-82, f. 394-425, pl. 85-87, f. 436-450 (1849), (41): 239-286, (viii) pl. 28, f. 148-150, (ix) pl. 83-84, f. 426-435, pl. 88-92, f. 451-475 (1850), (43): (ix) pl. 93-99, f. 476-511 (1850), (44): 287-326 (1850), (45): 327-334, (ix) pl. 101-102, f. 516-525 (1850), (47): 335-450, (v) pl. 14, f. 96-101, (vi) pl. 10, f. 54-59 (1851), (49): (v) pl. 15-16, f. 102-113, (ix) pl. 100, f. 512-515, pl. 103, f. 526-530 (1851), (50): (viii) pl. 29-31, f. 151-165, (ix) pl. 104-108, f. 527-551 (1851), (51): (iv) pl. 2, f. 7-10, (ix) pl. 109-110, f. 552-562 (1851), (52): (ix) pl. 111-113, f. 563-579 (1851), (54): (ix) pl. 114-118, f. 580-606, pl. 120-121, f. 614-625 (1852), (56): (ix) pl. 119, f. 607-613, pl. 122-124, f. 626-641 (1852), (59): (viii) pl. 32, f. 166-170, (x) pl. 1, f. 1-5 (1853), (67): (index) [1], 2-64 (1855)
Herz, 1903
Lepidopteren-Ausbeute der Lena-Expedition von B. Poppins im Jahre 1901 Öfvers. finska Vetensk.Soc. Förh. 45 (15) : 1-20
Herz, 1903
Verzeichniss der auf der Mammuth-Expedition gesammelten Lepidopteren Ann. Mus. Zool. Acad. Sci. St.-Petersb. 8 (1) : 61-87
Hübner, 1790
Beiträge zur Geschichte der Schmetterlinge, Band 2 (1789) Theil 1-4 Beitr. Ges. Schmett. 2 (1): [1-6], 7-31, [32], 4pls, (2): [33-35], 36-56, 4pls, (3): [57-59], 60-79, [80], 4pls, (4): [81-83], 84-100, 4pls, : [101-103], 104-128 (Nachtrag and suppl.), : [129-134] (index)
Hübner, [1808]; Hübner, [1813]
Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. IV. Noctuae - Eulen ("Dritte Band") Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : 155-194, : pl. 1-74, f. 1-345 (1800-1803), : pl. 75-86, f. 346-405 (1803-1808), : pl. 87-96, f. 406-455 (1808-1809), : pl. 97-134, f. 456-615 (1809-1813), : pl. 135-139, f. 616-638 (1814-1817), : pl. 140-141, f. 639-647 (1818-1819), : pl. 142-150, f. 648-697 (1819-1822), : pl. 151, f. 698-703 (1823), : pl. 152-156, f. 704-732 (1823-1824), : pl. 157, f. 733-736 (1825-1826), : pl. 158-160, f. 737-752 (1827-1828), : pl. 161-162, f. 753-765 (1828-1830), : pl. 163-169, f. 766-802 (1828-1832), : pl. 170-171, f. 803-812 (1832-1833), : pl. 172-176, f. 813-839 (1834), : pl. 177-179, f. 840-853 (1834-1835), : pl. 180, f. 854-858 (1834-1835), : pl. 181, f. 859-863 (1836), : pl. 182, f. 864-868 (1836-1838), : pl. 183, f. 869-873 (1837-1838), : pl. 184-185, f. 874-882 (1838), : [7], 8-24 (1834?)
Hübner, [1821]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hübner, 1818
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 1 [1808-] 1818 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-32, [33-40] (post 22nd December 1818), : pl. [1-2], f. 1-12 (1808 - 1809), : pl. [3-25], f. 13-146 (1809 - 1813), : pl. [26-35], f. 147-200 (1814 - 1818)
Hübner, [1831]
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 3 [1824-] 1825 [-1831] Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 3 : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-40, [41-48] (1827 - 1831), : pl. [70-100], f. 401-582 (1824), : pl. [101-103], f. 583-600 (1825)
Hufnagel, 1766
Fortsetzung der tabelle von den nachtvogein. IV. Fortsetzung der dierten tabell von de Insecten, besonders von denen so genannten nacheulen als der zwoten klasse. Der nachvögel hiesiger gegend Berlin. Magazin, 3 (3) : 279-309
Westwood in Humphreys & Westwood, 1843
British Moths and their Transformations Br. Moths, 1: -
Kalchberg, 1897
Ueber die Lepidopteren-Fauna von Haifa in Syrien Dt. ent. Z. Iris 10 : 161-190
Kononenko, 1984
Some new subspecies of noctuid moths of the genus Xestia Hb. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) from east Siberia and Far East Ent. Obozr. 63: 621-631
Krulikovsky, 1909
[russian] Rev. russ. Ent. 8 (3-4) : 270-276
Lafontaine & Mikkola in Lafontaine, 1998; Lafontaine, 1998
The Moths of America North of Mexico. Noctuoidea, Noctuidae (Part), Noctuini Moths Am. N of Mexico 27.3 [MNA27.3]: 1-348
Lederer, 1853
Lepidopterologisches aus Sibirien Verh. zool.-bot. Ver. Wien 3 : 351-386, pl. 1-7
Lempke, 1939
Catalogus der Nederlandsche Macrolepidoptera. IV Tijdschr. Ent. 82 : 196-263
Lempke, 1962
Catalogus der Nederlandse Macrolepidoptera (Negende Supplement) Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 149-231
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Löberbauer, 1936
Anomogyna rhaetica Stgr. spp. norica, nova subspecies Zeitschr. Wien. Ent. Ges. 37: 165-168
Mabille, 1869
Notices sur lees Lépidoptères de la Corse, avec la Liste des Acidalides de ce pays, la 2e partie de, L'Énumération monographique des eupithécies de la Corse, et la Description de Quatre Eupithecia nouvelles pour la faune Parisienne Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (4) 9 : 53-80
Matsumura, 1925
An ennumeration of the butterflies and moths from Saghalien, with descriptions of new species and subspecies J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 83-196, pl. 8-11
Matsumura, 1927
A list of moths collected on Mt. Daisetsu, with descriptions of new species Ins. Matsumurana 1 (3) : 109-119
McDunnough, 1921
The Canadian species of the genus Anomogyna (Lepid.) Can. Ent. 53 (8) : 176-181
McDunnough, [1929]
A generic Revision of North American Agrotid Moths Nat. Mus. Canada, Bull. 55: 78pp
McDunnough, 1940
Undescribed species and races of Phalaenidae Can. ent. 72: 191-201
Ménétriés, 1851
Lepidoptera in Middendorf, Reise in Sibirien. Zool. 2 (1): 56-59, 75-76, pl. 3
Morrison, 1875
Notes on the Noctuidae, with descriptions of certain new species. No. [I]-II Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 27 : 55-71, : 428-436
Morrison, 1875
Description of new Noctuidae Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 17 : 131-166
Morrison, 1875
Notes on the Noctuidae Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 18 : 114-126
Möschler, 1862
Beiträge zur Schmetterlings-fauna von Labrador Wien. Ent. Monats. 6 : 129-143, pl. 1
Oberthür, 1921
Description de quatre Espèces nouvelles de Noctuelidae Étud. Lépid. Comp. 18 (2) : 15-22, pl. 488-489
Packard, [1867]
View of the lepidopterous fauna of Labrador Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 11 : 32-63
Püngeler, 1900
Neue macrolepidopteren aus Central-Asien Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 12 (1) : 95-106 (1899), (2) : 288-299, pl. 8-9 (1900)
Rebel, 1923
Lepidoptera von Novaja Semlja Rep. Norw. Exp. Novaya Zemlja (7): 15pp
Rothschild, 1914
A preliminary account of the Lepidopterous fauna of Guelt-es-Stel, central Algeria Novit. Zool. 21: 299-357 (1914), 22 (2): 186-191 (1915)
Schultz, 1908
Über einige verdunkelte Lepidopteren-Formen Soc. Ent. 22 (24) : 185-186
Skinner, 1902
A New Moth from Alaska Ent. News 13 (4) : 141-143
Smith, 1890
Contributions to a Monograph of the Insects of the Lepidopterous Family Noctuidae of Temperate North America. Revision of the Species of the Genus Agrotis Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 38 : 1-237, 4pls
Smith, 1891
Notes on some Noctuidae, with descriptions of new genera and species Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 18 : 103-135, 1pl
Smith, 1893
New species of Noctuidae Ent. News, 4 (3) : 98-102, pl. 6
Smith, 1894
Descriptions of new genera and species of Noctuidae Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 21 : 39-88, pl. 1-6
Smith, 1898
Notes on species of _Noctua with descriptions of new forms J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 6 : 98-106, pl. 7
Smith, 1900
A hundred new moths of the family Noctuidae Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22 (1203) : 413-495
Smith, 1902
Three new noctuids from British North America Can. Ent. 34 (2) : 29-32
Smith, 1903
New noctuids for 1903, no. 3 - with notes on some described species Can. Ent. 35 (5) : 127-138
Smith, 1903
New noctuids for 1903, no. 4, with notes on certain described species Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 29 : 191-224, 1pl
Smith, 1905
New species of Noctuidae for 1905, no. 3 J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 13 : 188-211
Smith, 1907
New species of Noctuidae for 1907, no. 1 Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 33 : 125-143
Smith, 1910
New species of Noctuidae for 1910. No. 1 J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 18 : 85-98
Snellen, 1896
Eeenige opmerkingen over de nadere verdeeling van het genut Agrotis Lederer Tijdschr. Ent. 39 : 142-159, pl. 7
Sparre-Schneider, 1883
Fortsatte bidrag til kundskaben om sydavarangers Lepidopterenfauna Ent. Tidskr. 1883: 63-88
Staudinger, 1889
Centralasiatische Lepidopteren Stettin Ent. Ztg 50 (1-3) : 16-60
Staudinger, 1891
Eine neue noctuide aus der Schweiz Soc. Ent. 6: 137-138
Staudinger, 1895
Beschreibungen neuer Lepidopteren aus Tibet Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 300-343 (1896)
Staudinger, 1897
Lepidopteren des Apfelgebirges Dt. Ent. Z. Iris, 10 (2) : 320-344, pl. 9
Rebel in Staudinger & Rebel, 1901; Staudinger in Staudinger & Rebel, 1901
Catalog der Lepidopteren des palaearktischen Faunengebiets. I. Famil. Papilionidae - Hepialidae Cat. Lep. palaearct. Faunengeb. 1 : 1-411
Staudinger in Staudinger & Wocke, 1871
Catalog der Lepidopteren des europaeischen Faunegebiets (Edn. 2): - Cat. Lepid. eur. Faunegeb. (Edn. 2) : 1-421, : 422-426 (Corrigenda et Addenda)
Stephens, 1829
Illustrations of British Entomology; or, a synopsis of indigenous insects: containing their generic and specific distinctions; with an account of their metamorphoses, times of appearance, localities, food, and economy, as far as practicable Ill. Br. Ent. (Haustellata) 2 (1): 1-90, pl. 13-18 (1828), (2): 91-203, pl. 19-24 (1829)
Tschetverikov, 1904
Lepidoptera palearctica nova Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 4 (2-3): 77-79
Turati, 1912
New Species and new Forms of Lepidoptera Ent. Rec. J. Var. 24 : 303-306
Turati, 1919
Nuove forme di lepidotteri Naturalista sicil. 23 (7-12) : 203-351, pl. 1-4
Walker, 1856
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 1-271 (1856)
Walker, 1857
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 9: 1-252 (1856), 10: 253-492 ([1857]), 11: 493-764 (1857), 12: 765-982 ([1858]), 13: 983-1236 ([1858]), 14: 1237-1520 (1858), 15: 1521-1888 (1858)
Zetterstedt, 1839
Insecta Lapponica Insecta Lapponica : 1-1014 ([1839]), : 1015-1140 (1840)


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.