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Melanchra Hübner, [1820]
Melanchra Hübner, [1820]; 207, TS: Phalaena persicariae Linnaeus
Melanchra (Hadenini) ; [NACL, 148]
Melanchra (Hadeninae) ; [POOLE]
Melanchra (Hadenini) ; [FE]
Melanchra (Mamestrina) ; [NE4, 18]

fiMelanchra persicariae (Linnaeus, 1761)
EU. See [About maps] Täplätarhayökkönen Dot Flohkrauteule
Phalaena persicariae Linnaeus, 1761
Phalaena (Noctua) persicariae Linnaeus, 1761; 319, TL: Sweden
Phalaena sambuci Hufnagel, 1766; 308, TL: Berlin region
= ; [POOLE]
Phalaena graphica Geoffroy, 1785; 295, TL: Paris
= ; [POOLE]
Phalaena (Noctua) accipitrina Esper, 1788; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 1 (36-37): pl. 129, f. 4 (Noct. 50), TL: Leipzig region
= ; [POOLE]
Phalaena (Noctua) accipitrina Esper, 1796; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 2 (Abs. 1) (48): 393
unicolor Staudinger, 1781
Polia persicariae japonibia Bryk, 1942; 42, TL: Kurile Islands, Karinzawa
= ; [POOLE]
Melanchra persicariae, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Melanchra persicariae, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Melanchra persicariae, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Melanchra persicariae ; [POOLE]; [NE4, 18, 68]
[persicariae-1.jpg] 511x612 (~63Kb) Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Illingen, Bergweg (8°53'E, 48°58'N, 285m), 16.05.2000 (ex ovo), Photo © Karl Hofsäß [persicariae-2l.jpg] 450x625 (~56Kb) larva Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Schönenberg, Röhricht (8°49'E, 48°57'N, 220m), 09.09.1999 (on Urtica dioica), Photo © Karl Hofsäß [persicariae-3l.jpg] 680x430 (~57Kb) larva Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Illingen, Bergweg (8°53'E, 48°58'N, 285m), 31.07.1999 (ex ovo), Photo © Karl Hofsäß
[persicariae-4.jpg] 600x652 (~92Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 15.7.2006 © D. Smirnov [persicariae-4x.jpg] 800x600 (~82Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 15.7.2006 © D. Smirnov [persicariae-5.jpg] 635x700 (~103Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 13.7.2006 © D. Smirnov
[persicariae.jpg] 500x540 (~41Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:539, m 2-6.7.1972, f 3.7.1973, Markku Savela leg.

Flight from beginning of June to July. Some in in August

Larva on Pteridium aquilinum, Betula verrucosa, Alnus incana, Salix spp., S. cinerea, S. phylicifolia, Urtica dioeca, Polygonum undulatum, Spinacia oleracea, Aconitum septentrionale, A. intermedium, Delphinium sp., Aquilegia vulgaris, Actaea spicata, Ribes uva-crispa, R. alpinum, R. rubrum, Rubus idaeus, Sorbus aucuparia, Prunus padus, Lupinus angustifolius, Tropaeolum majus, Impatiens noli-tangere, Lysimachia vulgaris, Calluna vulgaris, Petunia sp., Sambucus racemosa, Vaccinium uliginosum, Phlox sp., Campanula rapunculoides, Solidago virgaurea, Rudbeckia sp., R. laciniata, Tagetes sp., Aegopodium podagraria, Cirsium arvense, Hieracium umbellatum [SPRK]


M. p. cypriaca Hacker & Wimmer, 1990
Melanchra persicariae cypriaca ; [NE4, 68]

Melanchra postalba Sugi, 1982
Japan, .... See [About maps] Melanchra postalba Sugi, 1982; 702, pl. 173, f. 11-12, TL: Japan, Honshu, Gumma Pref., Minaskami, Yubiso
Melanchra postalba ; [POOLE]; [NE4, 68]

Melanchra diabolica Plante, 1990
Melanchra diabolica ; [NE4, 68]

Melanchra dierli Behounek, 1995
Melanchra dierli ; [NE4, 68]

Melanchra granti Warren, 1905
Azores Melanchra granti Warren, 1905; 440, TL: Azores, Caso do Pico
Mamestra freyi Rebel, 1938; , TL: Azors, Pont Delgada, San Miguel
= ; [NE4, 68]
Graphania granti ; [POOLE]
Melanchra granti ; [NE4, 18, 68]

The "NA" species-group

Melanchra adjuncta (Boisduval, 1852)
New York, .... See [About maps] Mamestra adjuncta Boisduval, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 199, TL: New York
Mamestra adjuncta Guenée, 1841; 243 (nom. nud.)
Acronycta declarata Walker, 1856; 61, TL: Canada
= ; [NACL, #10292]; [POOLE]
benjamini (Lemmer, 1937)
= ; [NACL, #10292]
Melanchra adjuncta, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Melanchra adjuncta, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Melanchra adjuncta, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Melanchra adjuncta, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Melanchra adjuncta, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Melanchra adjuncta ; [NACL, #10292]; [POOLE]

Melanchra pulverulenta (Smith, 1888)
Mamestra assimilis var. pulverulenta Smith, 1888; 468, TL: [USA]
= ; [POOLE]
Melanchra pulverulenta, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Melanchra pulverulenta, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Melanchra pulverulenta, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Melanchra pulverulenta, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Melanchra pulverulenta ; [NACL, #10294]; [POOLE]

Melanchra assimilis (Morrison, 1874)
Massachusetts, .... See [About maps] Mamestra assimilis Morrison, 1874; 113, TL: Massachusetts
Melanchra assimilis, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Melanchra assimilis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Melanchra assimilis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Melanchra assimilis ; [NACL, #10295]; [POOLE]


28.7.2009 (8)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[ESP]
Heppner, 1981; The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abblidungen... 1776-[1830]; Archives of Natural History (1981) 10 (2): 251-254
[FE]
Fauna Europaea; Fauna Europaea
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[Karl Hofsäß]
Karl Hofsaess; e-mail: Karl Hofsäß
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NE4]
Hacker, Ronkay & Hreblay, 2002; Noctuidae Europaeae 4; Hadeninae I
[NOCTS]
Noctuid Search; An Interactive Key to Identify the Noctuidae of North America; e-mail: Thomas D. Eichlin; e-mail: Scott A. Kinnee; Dennis E. Mayhew; Ronald E. Somerby; Charles S. Papp
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[POOLE]
Poole, 1989; Lepidopterorum catalogus (n.s.) 118 - Noctuidae
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)


Some related literature:
Boisduval in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Cinquiéme. Noctuélites. Tome 1 Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 5 (Noct. 1) : 1-407, Atlas (Noctuelites): pl. 1-24 (1858)
Esper, 1788
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil IV. Die Eulenphalenen Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 1 (29): 1-16, pl. 80-85 (Noct. 1-6) (1786), (30): 17-32, pl. 86-91 (Noct. 7-12) (1786), (31): 33-48, pl. 92-97 (Noct. 13-18) (1787), (32): 49-64, pl. 98-103 (Noct. 19-24) (1787), (33): 65-80, pl. 104-109 (Noct. 25-30) (1787), (34): 81-96, pl. 110-115 (Noct. 31-36) (1787), (35): 97-112, pl. 116-121 (Noct. 37-42) (1787), (36-37): 113-144, pl. 122-133 (Noct. 43-54) (1788), (38): 145-160, pl. 134-139 (Noct. 55-60) (1788), (39): 161-176, pl. 140-145 (Noct. 61-66) (1789), (40): 177-192, pl. 146-151 (Noct. 67-72) (1790), (41): 193-208, pl. 152-155, 99B, 105B (Noct. 73-76) (1790), (42-44): 209-320, pl. 156-167, 117A (Noct. 77-88) (1791), (45-46): 321-352, pl. 168-177, 125B, 125C (Noct. 89-98) (1791), (47): 353-372, pl. 178-183 (Noct. 99-104) (1794)
Esper, 1796
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil IV. Die Eulenphalenen Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 2 (Abs. 1) (48): 373-420, pl. 184-186 (Noct. 105-107) (1796), (Abs. 1) (49-50): 421-464, pl. 187-191 (Noct. 108-112) (1798), (Abs. 1) (51): 465-496, pl. [192],[193] (Noct. 113-114) ([1799-1803]), (Abs. 1) (52): 497-536, pl. 194-195 (Noct. 115-116) (1804), (Abs. 1) (53): 537-632, pl. 196 (Noct. 117) (1804), (Abs. 1) (54): 633-698, pl. 197-198 (Noct. 118-119) (1805), (Abs. 2) (49-50): 1-44 (1798), (Abs. 2) (51): 45-54 ([1799-1803]), (Abs. 2) (52): 55-62 (1804), (Abs. 2) (53): 63-85 (1805)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.