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Horama Hübner, [1819]
Horama Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (8): 125, TS: Sphinx pretus Cramer
Mastigocera Harris, 1839; Amer. J. Sci. Arts, 36 (2): 289, 315 (preocc. Mastigocera Dejean, [1835] (Coleoptera)), TS: Mastigocera vespina Harris
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 417
Phylloecia Guérin-Méneville, [1844]; Icon. Règne anim. Cuvier 3 (Insectes) : 504, TS: Phylloecia punctata Guérin-Méneville
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 417
Callicarus Grote, 1866; Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 6 : 182, TS: Callicarus pennipes Grote
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 417
Drucea Kirby, 1892; Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1 : 130
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 417

Philloecia ; Guérin-Méneville, [1844], Icon. Règne anim. Cuvier 3 (Insectes) : 504 (missp.)
Phyllaecia ; Walker, 1854, List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 1: 248, 252 (missp.)
Horamia ; Walker, 1854, List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 1: 251 (missp.)
Callicorus ; Kirby, 1892, Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1 : 129 (missp.)
Callicarus ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 48
Mastigocera ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 49
Horama ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 417; Dietz & Duckworth, 1976, Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. 215:

Horama panthalon (Fabricius, 1793)
Venezuela, Brazil, Antilles. See [About maps] Texas Wasp Moth
Zygaena panthalon Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 405
Mastigocera tibialis Butler, 1876; J. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 12 (60-62) : 373, TL: Haiti
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 417
Horama serena Schaus, 1924
= ; [NACL, #8287]
Horama stoneri Lindsey, 1926
= ; [NACL, #8287]
Horama panthalon, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Horama panthalon, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Horama panthalon, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Horama panthalon ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 417, pl. 15, f. 9; [NACL, #8287]; Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 36, f. 120
Misidentified/misapplied:
pretus; Walker, 1856

Likely a Müllerian mimic of Polistes crinitus (Felton) Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 36

H. p. texana (Grote, 1868)
Texas, Mexico, Honduras Horama? texana Grote, 1868; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 2 : 116
?Callicarus texanus Grote, 1866; Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 6 : 184
Horama panthalon texana, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Horama panthalon texana, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Callicarus texanus ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 49
Horama texana ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 418, f. 217; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 77
Horama panthalon texana ; [NACL, #8287a]
Misidentified/misapplied:
plumipes; Clemens, 1866
pretus; Clemens, 1862

Horama oedippus (Boisduval, 1870)
Mexico, Guatemala. See [About maps] Mastogocera oedippus Boisduval, 1870; Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 81, TL: Guatemala
Mastigocera oedipus[sic] ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 49, 3: pl. 6, f. 19
Horama oedippus ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 418

Horama pennipes (Grote, 1866)
Cuba. See [About maps] Callicarus pennipes Grote, 1866; Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 6 : 182, pl. 5, f. 3, TL: Cuba
Horama pennipes ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 419

Horama plumipes (Drury, 1773)
Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua. See [About maps] Sphinx plumipes Drury, 1773; Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2: index, : 47, pl. 27, f. 3
Phylloecia punctata Guérin-Méneville, [1844]; Icon. Règne anim. Cuvier 3 (Insectes) : 504, f. , TL: Baiade Campeche, Mexico
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 419; [NACL, #8288]
Horama jalapensis Neumoegen, 1890; Entom. Amer. 6: 63
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 419; [NACL, #8288]
Horama plumipes, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Horama plumipes, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Callicarus plumipes ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 49
Horama plumipes ; [NACL, #8288]; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 419, f. 218

Horama clavipes (Boisduval, 1870)
Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Venezuela. See [About maps] Mastigocera clavipes Boisduval, 1870; Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 81, TL: Guatemala
Mastigocera calvipes[sic] ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 49, 3: pl. 6, f. 20
Horama clavipes ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 420, f. 219

Horama tarsalis Walker, 1856
Horama tarsalis Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 7: 1633, TL: ?
Horama tarsalis ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 420, f. 220

Horama grotei Butler, 1876
Jamaica Horama grotei Butler, 1876; J. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 12 (60-62) : 374, TL: Jamaica
Horama grotei ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 421, f. 221

Horama diffissa Grote, 1866
Cuba. See [About maps] Horama diffissa Grote, 1866; Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 6 : 181, : 310, pl. 5, f. 2
Horama pretellus Herrich-Schäffer, 1866; CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 20 (8): 113, TL: Cuba
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 421
Horama diffissa ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 421

Horama pretus (Cramer, [1777])
West Indies, Venezuela. See [About maps] Sphinx pretus Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 121, pl. 175, f. E, F, TL: West Indies, St. Thomas
Zygaena eunolphus Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 505
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 422
Mastigocera vespina Harris, 1839; Amer. J. Sci. Arts, 36 (2): 315, TL: West Indies, St. Thomas
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 422
Horama pretus, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Horama pretus ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 422, f. 222; Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 36, f. 121

Larva on Cassinae xylocarpa

Presumable a Müllerian mimic of Polister major Palisot de Beavois Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 36


Horama margarita McCabe, 1992
Cuba. See [About maps] Horama margarita McCabe, 1992; Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 94 (2) : 244, TL: Cuba

Horama rawlinsi McCabe, 1992
Dominican Republic Horama rawlinsi McCabe, 1992; Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 94 (2) : 245, TL: Dominican Republic, Pedernales, 26km N Cabo Rojo, 18-06N, 71-38W, 730m


29.12.2009 (11)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[Pierre Zagatti]
WWW pages; Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the French Antilles; e-mail: Pierre Zagatti


Some related literature:
Becker & Miller, 2002
The large moths of Guana Island, British Virgin Islands: a survey of efficient colonizers J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 9-44
Boisduval, 1870
Considerations sur des Lépidoptères envoyés du Guatemala à M. de l'Orza Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 100pp
Butler, 1876
Notes on the Lepidoptera of the family Zygaenidae, with descriptions of new genera and species J. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 12 (60-62) : 342-407, pl. 27-28
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Dietz & Duckworth, 1976
A rewiev of the genus Horama Hübner and reestablishment of the genus Poliopastea Hampson (Lepidoptera: Ctenuchidae) Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. 215: 1-53
Drury, 1773
Illustrations of natural history; wherein are exhibited ... Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2 : 1-90, pl. 1-50
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Godman & Salvin, 1884
Biologia Centrali-Americana; or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna of Mexico and Central America. Zoology. Lepidoptera. Heterocera Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 1-490, 3: pl. 1-101
Grote, 1866
Notes on the Zygaenidae of Cuba. I & II Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 6 : 173-189, : 297-334
Grote, 1868
On the Synonomy, etc. of certain species of America Lepidoptera Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 2 : 115-122
Guérin-Méneville, [1844]
Iconographie du Règne Animal de G. Cuvier. Insectes. Icon. Règne anim. Cuvier 3 (Insectes) : pl. 3-12 (1829), : pl. 13-14,21-24 (1830), : pl. 25-30,42-46,52-55,60,62,76,24-25,25bis,28bis (1831), : pl. 77-92,99,84bis (1832), : pl. 31,36-39,47-49,59,101,39bis (1833), : pl. 32-35,50,61,64-66,49bis (1834), : pl. 15-20,40,51,56-58,67-75,93-98 (1835), : pl. 100,102-104 (1836), : pl. 1-2,41,63 (1837), : 1-576 (1844)
Hampson, 1898
Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum. 1: Syntomidae Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : i-xxi, 1-559, pl. 1-17
Harris, 1839
Descriptive catalogue of the North American insects belonging to the Linnean genus Sphinx in the cabinet of Thaddeus William Harris Amer. J. Sci. Arts, 36 (2): 282-320
Herrich-Schäffer, 1866
Die Schmetterlinge der Insel Cuba CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 20 (7): 103-109, (8): 113-120, (9): 130-136
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Kirby, 1892
A synonymic catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera (Moths). Sphinges and Bombyces Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1 : 1-951
McCabe, 1992
Caribbean Horama (Lepidopera: Arctiidae: Ctenuchinae) with new species and notes on mimicry Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 94 (2) : 243-248
Neumoegen, 1890
New beauties from near and far Entom. Amer. 6: 61-64
Walker, 1854; Walker, 1856
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 1: 1-278 (1854), 2: 279-581 (1854), 3: 583-775 (1855), 4: 777-976 (1855), 5: 977-1258 (1855), 6: 1259-1508 (1855), 7: 1509-1808 (1856)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.