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Ctenucha Kirby, 1837
Ctenucha Kirby, 1837; in Richardson, Fauna Boreal Amer.: 305, TS: Ctenucha latreillana Kirby
Compsoprium Blanchard, 1852; in Gay, Hist. Chile, (Zool.) 7 : 67, TS: Compsoprium vittigerum Blanchard
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 523
Philoros Walker, 1854; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 2: 283, TS: Ctenucha venosa Walker
Caralisa Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 7: 1660, TS: Caralisa editha Walker
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 523
Euctenucha Grote, 1873; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 1 : 33, TS: Apistosia multifaria Walker
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 523
Philorus Zerny, 1912; in Wagner, Lepid. Cat. 7: 152 (emend., preocc. Philorus Kellog, 1903 (Diptera), TS: Ctenucha venosa Walker
Consoprium ; Walker, 1856, List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 7: 1644 (missp.)
Philoros ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 81; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 532
Ctenucha ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 82; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 523

Ctenucha togata (Druce, 1884)
Mexico, Guatemala, Panama, Costa Rica. See [About maps] Acreagris togata Druce, 1884; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 73, 3: pl. 6, f. 8, TL: Guatemala
Lycomorpha augusta H. Edwards, 1887; Ent. Amer. 3 : 91
Ctenucha togata ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 525

Ctenucha cyaniris Hampson, 1898
Ecuador. See [About maps] Ctenucha cyaniris Hampson, 1898; Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 525, pl. 17, f. 5, TL: Ecuador, Topo

Ctenucha aymara (Schaus, 1892)
Peru. See [About maps] Gangamela aymara Schaus, 1892; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1892 : 285, TL: Peru
Ctenucha aymara ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 525

Ctenucha braganza (Schaus, 1892)
Brazil (Rio de Janeiro). See [About maps] Melanchroia braganza Schaus, 1892; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1892 : 288
Ctenucha braganza ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 526

Ctenucha circe (Cramer, [1780])
Nicaragua, Ecuador, Venezuela, Brazil (Para). See [About maps] Bombyx circe Cramer, [1780]; Uitl. Kapellen 3 (22): pl. 263, f. D, (23-24): pl. 274, f. E
Evagra affinis Boisduval, 1870; Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 88, TL: Guatemala
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 526
Iosia circe ; Walker, 1854, List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 2: 311
Leucopsumis circe ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 83
Ctenucha circe ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 526

Ctenucha palmeira (Schaus, 1892)
Brazil (Rio de Janeiro). See [About maps] Melanchroia palmeira Schaus, 1892; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1892 : 288, TL: Brazil, Rio Janeiro, Palmeira
Ctenucha palmeira ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 526

Ctenucha semistria (Walker, 1854)
Brazil. See [About maps] Dioptis semistria Walker, 1854; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 2: 321
Ctenucha semistria ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 527, pl. 17, f. 4

Ctenucha editha (Walker, 1856)
Haiti Caralisa editha Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 7: 1661, TL: Haiti
Ctenucha editha ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 527, pl. 17, f. 10

Ctenucha vittigerum (Blanchard, 1852)
Chile, Argentina. See [About maps] Compsoprium vittigerum Blanchard, 1852; in Gay, Hist. Chile, (Zool.) 7 : 67
Ctenucha nivosa Walker, 1869; Characters undescr. Lepid. Heterocera : 6, TL: Argentina
= Ctenucha vittigera ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 527
Ctenucha vittigera ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 527

Ctenucha devisum (Walker, 1856)
Brazil (São Paulo), Argentina. See [About maps] Compsoprium devisum Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 7: 1644
Philoros marita Schaus, 1896; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 4 : 133
Ctenucha divisa[sic] ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 527, pl. 17, f. 25

Ctenucha venosa Walker, 1854
Mexico, Texas, Colorado, Guatemala, Panama;venezuela. See [About maps] Ctenucha (Philoros) venosa Walker, 1854; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 2: 284
Ctenucha tigrina Strecker, 1899
Ctenucha venosa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Ctenucha venosa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Ctenucha venosa, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Philoros venosa ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 82
Ctenucha venosa ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 528; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 78; [NACL, #8260]
Ecuador Ctenucha venosa ssp.1 ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 528

Ctenucha ruficeps Walker, 1854
Mexico. See [About maps] Ctenucha (Philorus) ruficeps Walker, 1854; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 2: 284, TL: Mexico
Philorus ruficeps ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 82, 3: pl. 9, f. 8
Ctenucha ruficeps ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 528

Ctenucha cressonana Grote, 1863
Rocky Mountains. See [About maps] Ctenucha cressonana Grote, 1863; Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. 2 : 64, pl. 8, f. 5
= Ctenucha venosa ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 528
Ctenucha sanguinaria Strecker, 1878; in Ruffner, Ann. Rep. Chief of Engineers, App. SS for 1878: 1858, pl. 2, f. 2
Ctenucha cressoana var. lutea Grote, 1902; Can. Ent. 34 (4) : 104
Ctenucha cressonana, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Ctenucha cressonana, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Ctenucha cressonana, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Ctenucha sanguinaria ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 528
Ctenucha cressonana sanguinaria ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 78
Ctenucha cressonana lutea ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 78
Ctenucha cressonana ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 78; [NACL, #8261]

Ctenucha virginica (Esper, 1794)
Virginia Ctenucha
Sphinx virginica Esper, 1794; Mag. Neu Ausl. Ins. 1: 4
Sphinx virginica Charpentier, 1830; in Esper, Ausl. Schmett. 2 (Suppl.): pl. 2, f. 3-4
Ctenucha latreillana Kirby, 1837; in Richardson, Fauna Boreal Amer.: 305, TL: Nova Scotia
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 530
Ctenucha virginica, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Ctenucha virginica, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Ctenucha virginica, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Ctenucha virginica, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Ctenucha virginica, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Ctenucha virginica ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 530, f. 278; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 79; [NACL, #8262]

Ctenucha multifaria (Walker, 1854)
California. See [About maps] Apistosia multifaria Walker, 1854; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 2: 479, TL: California
Ctenucha multifaria var. luteoscapus Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 1 : 106
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 529
Ctenucha multifaria, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Ctenucha multifaria, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Ctenucha multifaria ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 529
Ctenucha multifaria luteoscapus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 78
Ctenucha multifaria ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 78; [NACL, #8263]

Ctenucha rubroscapus (Ménétriés, 1857)
W.USA. See [About maps] Claucopis rubroscapus Ménétriés, 1857; Cat. lep. Petersb. 2: 142, pl. 14, f. 7
Ctenucha ochroscapus Grote & Robinson, 1868; Trans. Amer. ent. Soc. 1 : 330
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 529
Ctenucha corvina Boisduval, 1869; Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 12 : 71
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 529
Ctenucha walsinghamii H. Edwards, 1873; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 5 : 112
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 529
Ctenucha rubroscapus, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Ctenucha rubroscapus, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Ctenucha rubroscapus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Ctenucha rubroscapus ochroscapus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 78
Ctenucha rubroscapus ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 529; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 78; [NACL, #8264]

Ctenucha brunnea Stretch, 1872
California. See [About maps] Ctenucha brunnea Stretch, 1872; Illust. Zygaenidae & Bombycidae 1 : 30, TL: California
Ctenucha brunnea, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Ctenucha brunnea, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Ctenucha brunnea ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 529; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 78; [NACL, #8265]

Ctenucha affinis Druce, 1884
Guatemala. See [About maps] Ctenucha affinis Druce, 1884; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 83 (preocc. Evagra affinis Boisduval, 1870), TL: Guatemala, San Gerónimo
Ctenucha affinis ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 530

Ctenucha clavia (Druce, 1883)
Ecuador. See [About maps] Hoplarctia clavia Druce, 1883; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 : 383, TL: Ecuador
Ctenucha clavia ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 531, pl. 17, f. 27

Ctenucha laura (Hampson, 1898)
Bolivia. See [About maps] Philoros laura Hampson, 1898; Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 533, pl. 17, f. 23, TL: Bolivia, Bueyes

Ctenucha rubriceps Walker, 1854
Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro), Uruguay. See [About maps] Ctenucha (Philoros) rubriceps Walker, 1854; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 2: 283
Ctenucha opaca Boisduval, 1870; Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 84, TL: Guatemala
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 533
Ctenucha scepsiformis H. Edwards, 1887; Ent. Amer. 3 : 91
= ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 533
Philoros rubriceps ; Godman & Salvin, 1884, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 82; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 533, f. 281

Ctenucha neglecta (Boisduval, 1832)
Peru. See [About maps] Tipulodes neglecta Boisduval, 1832; in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 195, pl. 3, f. 8, TL: Peru, Arica, Callao
Philoros neglecta ; Hampson, 1898, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : 533

Ctenucha projecta Dognin²
Paraguay, .... See [About maps] Ctenucha albolineata Druce, 1904; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 13 (76) : 241, TL: Paraguay
= ; [NHM]


2.3.2013 (23)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Boisduval, 1832
Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829, sous le commandément de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. Lépidoptères in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 1-267, pl. 1-5
Boisduval, 1869
Lépidoptères de la Californie Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 12 : 5-28,37-94
Boisduval, 1870
Considerations sur des Lépidoptères envoyés du Guatemala à M. de l'Orza Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 100pp
Cramer, [1780]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 3 (17-21): 1-104, pl. 193-252 (1779), (22): 105-128, pl. 253-264 ([1780]), (23-24): 129-176, pl. 265-288 (1780)
Druce, 1883
Descriptions of new species of Zygaenidae and Arctiidae Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 : 372-384, pl. 39-40
Druce, 1904
Descriptions of some new Species of Lepidoptera Heterocera from Tropical South America Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 13 (76) : 241-250
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
H. Edwards, 1873
Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. - No. 1. Description of some new of imperfectly known Heterocera Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 5 : 109-161
H. Edwards, 1887
Apparently New Species of Mexican Heterocera Ent. Amer. 3 : 89-92
Druce in Godman & Salvin, 1884; Godman & Salvin, 1884
Biologia Centrali-Americana; or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna of Mexico and Central America. Zoology. Lepidoptera. Heterocera Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 1-490, 3: pl. 1-101
Grote, 1863
Additions to the catalogue of U.S. Lepidoptera, No. 3-5 Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. 2 : 30-32 (1863), : 64-68 (1863), : 273-276 (1863)
Grote, 1873
Catalogue of the Zygaenidae of North America Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 1 : 29-36
Grote, 1902
Note on Ctenucha cressoana Can. Ent. 34 (4) : 104
Grote & Robinson, 1868
Descriptions of American Lepidoptera. - No. 1-3 Trans. Amer. ent. Soc. 1 : 1-30, pl. 1-2, : 171-192, pl. 4, : 323-360, pl. 6-7
Hampson, 1898
Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum. 1: Syntomidae Cat. Lep. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 1 : i-xxi, 1-559, pl. 1-17
Kirby, 1837
Fauna Boreali-Americana or the Zoology of the northern parts of British America in Richardson, Fauna Boreal Amer.: 325pp, 8pls
Ménétriés, 1857
Enumeratio corporum animalium Musei Imperialis Academiae Scientiarum Petropilitanae. Classis Insectorum, Ordo Lepidopterorum Cat. lep. Petersb. 1: 1-66, pl. 1-6, (supplement) 67-112 (1855), 2: 67-97,99-144, pl. 7-14 (1857), 3: 145-161, pl. 15-18 (1863)
Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893
A preliminary revision of the Bombyces of America North of Mexico [1] J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 1 : 97-118, : 153-180
Schaus, 1892
Descriptions of new Species of Lepidoptera Heterocera from Brazil, Mexico, and Peru. Part I & II Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1892 : 272-291, : 318-341
Schaus, 1896
New species of American Heterocera J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 4 : 130-145
Strecker, 1878
Annual report of Lieutenant E. H. Ruffner, Corps of Engineers, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878. Explorations and surveys in the Department of the Missouri. Report of the Secretary of War for the Year 1878 2 in Ruffner, Ann. Rep. Chief of Engineers, App. SS for 1878: 1847-1872
Stretch, 1872
Illustrations of the Zygaenidae & Bombycidae of North America Illust. Zygaenidae & Bombycidae 1 : 1-242, pl. 1-10
Walker, 1854; Walker, 1856
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 1: 1-278 (1854), 2: 279-581 (1854), 3: 583-775 (1855), 4: 777-976 (1855), 5: 977-1258 (1855), 6: 1259-1508 (1855), 7: 1509-1808 (1856)
Zerny, 1912
Syntomidae in Wagner, Lepid. Cat. 7: 179pp


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.