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Urbanus Hübner, [1807]
Urbanus Hübner, [1807]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : pl. [150], [151], [155], [159], TS: Papilio proteus Linnaeus
Goniurus Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (7): 104, TS: Papilio proteus Linnaeus
Eudamus Swainson, 1831; Zool. Illustr. (2) 2 (11): pl. 48, TS: Papilio proteus Linnaeus
Lyroptera Plötz, 1881; Stettin ent. Ztg 42 (10-12) : 500 (unavail.), TS: Papilio proteus Linnaeus
Urbanus, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]

Goniuris ; Westwood, [1852], Gen. diurn. Lep. (2): 510 (missp.)
Goniaris ; Koch, 1865, (missp.)
Endamus ; Scudder, 1872, (missp.)
Eudamos ; Mabille, 1876, (missp.)
Gonuiurus ; Scudder, 1889, (missp.)
Goniarus ; Mabille, 1891, Bull. Soc. Ent. Belg. 35 (16): lx (missp.)
Eudimus ; Rivers, 1906, (missp.)
Eudamas ; Longstaff, 1908, (missp.)
Eudumus ; Hayward, 1933, (missp.)
Coniurus ; d'Almeida, 1937, (missp.)
Liroptera ; Herrera et al., 1957, (missp.)
Eudamis ; Hemming, 1967, (missp.)
Goiniurus ; J. & W. Zikán, 1968, (missp.)
Eudamus ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 270
Urbanus (Eudamini) ; [NL4A, 40]


[sp-1.jpg] 500x351 (~31Kb) Venezuela, Merida and the Sierra Nevada National Park, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes [sp-2.jpg] 500x402 (~58Kb) Venezuela, Merida and the Sierra Nevada National Park, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.


The "proteus" species-group

Not a complete list!


Urbanus proteus (Linnaeus, 1758)
S.California, Arizona, Texas, Florida, Argentina, CA, SA. See [About maps] Long-tailed Skipper
Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 484, TL: "America"
Urbanus proteus proteus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus proteus proteus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus proteus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Urbanus proteus, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Urbanus proteus, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Goniurus proteus ; Butler & Druce, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (3) : 366
Eudamus proteus ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 277, 3: pl. 75, f. 5; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 56
Urbanus proteus ; [NACL, #3886]; [BOW: pl. 88, f. 5]; [NL4A, #558]; [Opler]

Larva on Dicots, Fabaceae, Brassicaceae, less Canna [NAB]

Mexico Goniurus proteoides Plötz, 1880; , TL: N.Amer.
= ; [NL4A, #558a]
Urbanus fortis Skinner & Ramsden, 1924; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #558a]
porteus ; Poey, 1847, (missp.)
protesides ; Mabille, 1903, (missp.)
proteides ; Hall, 1936, (missp.)
protus ; Hayward, 1966, (missp.)
proteu ; Okano, 1981, (missp.)
Urbanus proteus proteus ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NL4A, #558a]
U. p. domingo (Scudder, 1872)
Saba - Grenada, Haiti proteus domingo (Scudder, 1872) (Thymele); , TL: Haiti
Urbanus proteus domingo ; [NL4A, #558b]

Urbanus pronta Evans, 1952
Mexico, Honduras. See [About maps] Urbanus pronta Evans, 1952; , TL: Honduras
Urbanus pronta, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus pronta, Butterflies of America [BOA]
pronto ; Honey & Scoble, 2001, (missp.)
Urbanus pronta ; [NL4A, #556]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Urbanus pronta (= Urbanus pronus); [NACL, #3887]

Urbanus esmeraldus (Butler, 1877)
Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama, Honduras - Brazil, Colombia. See [About maps] Esmeralda Longtail
Goniurus esmeraldus Butler, 1877; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1877 (2) : 146, TL: Villa Bella [Brazil, Amazonas]
Goniurus platowii Plötz, 1880; , TL: America
= ; [NL4A, #546]
Urbanus esmeraldus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus esmeraldus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus esmeraldus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Eudamus esmeraldus ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 278, 3: pl. 75, f. 6
platowi ; Mabille & Boullet, 1912, (missp.)
Urbanus esmeraldus ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NACL, #3888]; [NL4A, #546]; [Opler]
[esmeraldus-1.jpg] 423x537 (~26Kb) Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey


Urbanus esma Evans, 1952
Brazil(Pará), .... See [About maps] Urbanus esma Evans, 1952; , TL: Brazil, Pará
Urbanus esma ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NL4A, #545]

Urbanus esta Evans, 1952
Mexico, ..., Brazil(São Paulo). See [About maps] Urbanus esta Evans, 1952; , TL: Brazil, São Paulo
Urbanus esta ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NL4A, #547]

Urbanus velinus (Plötz, 1880)
Brazil(Bahia), Guyana, .... See [About maps] Goniurus velinus Plötz, 1880; , TL: Brazil, Bahia
Eudamus acawoios Williams, 1926; , TL: Guyana
= ; [NL4A, #563]
Urbanus velinus ; [NL4A, #563]

Urbanus villus Austin, 1998
Brazil(Rondônia). See [About maps] Urbanus villus Austin, 1998; J. Lep. Soc. 52 (2): 170, f. 3-4, 8, 11, TL: Brazil, Rondonia, 62km S Ariquemes
Urbanus villus ; [NL4A, #564]

Urbanus longicaudus Austin, 1998
Brazil(Rondônia), .... See [About maps] Urbanus longicaudus Austin, 1998; J. Lep. Soc. 52 (2): 172, f. 5-6, 9, 12, TL: Brazil, Rondonia, 62km S Ariquemes
Urbanus longicaudus ; [NL4A, #551]

Urbanus parvus Austin, 1998
Brazil(Rondônia). See [About maps] Urbanus parvus Austin, 1998; J. Lep. Soc. 52 (2): 174, f. 2, 10, TL: Brazil, Rondonia, 62km S Ariquemes
Urbanus parvus ; [NL4A, #553]

Does the name Eudamus parvus Skinner, 1920 (= Urbanus dorantes obscurus) cause any problem?


 

Urbanus albimargo (Mabille, 1875)
Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil. See [About maps] Thymele albimargo Mabille, 1875; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 5 : ccxiii [213], TL: Panama; Colombia?
Goniurus albimargo ; Mabille & Vuillot, 1891, Novit. Lep.: 37, pl. 5, f. 2
Eudamus albimargo ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 274
Doryssus albimargo ; [CATBUR]
Urbanus albimargo ; Freeman, 1969, J. Lep. Soc. 23 (Suppl. 2): 13; [NL4A, #534]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Urbanus albimargo (= Urbanus doryssus?); [NACL, #3895]
[albimargo-1.jpg] 394x501 (~24Kb) Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey

Panama, Costa Rica, Colombia Goniurus dominicus Plötz, 1886
= ; [NL4A, #534a]
Goniurus triptolemus Ehrmann, 1907; , TL: Costa Rica
= ; [NL4A, #534a]
albomargo ; Spitz, 1932, (missp.)
albimagro ; Hayward, 1933, (missp.)
dominicanus ; Miller & Brown, 1981, (missp.)
Urbanus albimargo albimargo ; [NL4A, #534a]
U. a. rica Evans, 1952
Paraguay albimargo rica Evans, 1952; , TL: Paraguay
Urbanus albimargo rica ; [NL4A, #534b]
U. a. takuta Evans, 1952
Guyana albimargo takuta Evans, 1952; , TL: Guyana
Urbanus albimargo takuta ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 160; [NL4A, #534c]

Urbanus ambiguus de Jong, 1983
Surinam. See [About maps] Urbanus ambiguus de Jong, 1983; , TL: Surinam
Urbanus ambiguus ; [NL4A, #535]

Urbanus belli (Hayward, 1935)
Mexico - Bolivia - Argentina. See [About maps] Goniurus belli Hayward, 1935; , TL: Argentina
Urbanus viterboana alva Evans, 1952; , TL: Mexico, Veracruz
= ; [NL4A, #536]
Urbanus belli, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus belli, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus belli, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Urbanus viterboana alba ; Brown & Freitas, 2000, (missp.)
Urbanus belli ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #536]
[belli-1.jpg] 536x573 (~34Kb) Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey


Urbanus carmelita (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)
-. See [About maps] Eudamus carmelita Herrich-Schäffer, 1869; , TL: [Brazil]
Urbanus carmelita ; [NL4A, #537]
Brazil, ... Eudamus clevas Mabille, 1888; , TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #537a]
Urbanus carmelita carmelita ; [NL4A, #537a]
U. c. barra Evans, 1952
Brazil(Bahia), ... carmelita barra Evans, 1952; , TL: Brazil, Bahia
Urbanus carmelita barra ; [NL4A, #537b]
U. c. trebia (Möschler, 1879)
Venezuela, Panama, Colombia, ... carmelita trebia (Möschler, 1879) (Thymele); , TL: Venezuela
?Goniurus nigricauda Mabille
Eudamus nigricauda Godman & Salvin, [1893]; Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 274, TL: Panama,Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #537c]
Urbanus carmelita trebia ; [NL4A, #537c]

Urbanus chalco (Hübner, 1823)
Panama, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina, .... See [About maps] Goniurus chalco Hübner, 1823; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : 22, : f. 313-314, TL: Brazil
Eudamus agesilaus Swainson, 1831; Zool. Illustr. (2) 2 (11): pl. 48, f. 1, TL: Brazil, Bahia
= ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 275; [NL4A, #538]
Eudamus chalco ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 275, 3: pl. 75, f. 4
chaleo ; Weeks, 1901, (missp.)
Urbanus chalco ; [BOW: pl. 87, f. 49]; [NL4A, #538]

Urbanus chales (Godman & Salvin, [1893])
Mexico. See [About maps] Eudamus chales Godman & Salvin, [1893]; Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 274, 3: pl. 74, f. 2-3, TL: Mexico, Guerrero, Acapulco
?Eudamus interruptus Williams, 1926
Urbanus doryssus chales ;
Urbanus chales ; [NL4A, #539]

Urbanus cindra Evans, 1952
Bolivia. See [About maps] Urbanus cindra Evans, 1952; , TL: Bolivia
Urbanus cindra ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NL4A, #540]

Urbanus dorantes (Stoll, [1790])
S.California, S.Arizona, S.New Mexico, S.Texas, S.Florida, Argentina, Antilles, CA, SA. See [About maps] Lilac-banded Longtail
Papilio dorantes Stoll, [1790]; Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (2-5): 172, pl. 39, f. 9, TL: Surinam
Urbanus dorantes dorantes, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus dorantes dorantes, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus dorantes, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Urbanus dorantes, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Urbanus dorantes dorantes, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Goniurus dorantes ; Plötz, 1881, Bull. Soc. Imp. nat. Moscou 55 (3) : 10
Eudamus dorantes ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 278, 3: pl. 75, f. 7; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 731; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 56
Dorantes dorantes ; [CATBUR]
Urbanus dorantes ; [NACL, #3889]; [BOW: pl. 88, f. 3]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #541]

Larva on Phaseolus, Clitoria, Desmodium tortuosum [NAB]

Texas, Mexico, Surinam, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, ... Goniurus torones Hübner, 1821
= ; [NL4A, #541a]
Eudamus atletes C. & R. Felder, 1862; , TL: Brazil,Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #541a]
Eudamus amisus Hewitson, 1867; Descr. One Hundred new Spec. Hesp. (1): 5
= ; [NL4A, #541a]
?Eudamus protillus Herrich-Schäffer, 1868; Prodr. Syst. Lep. 3: 63
Eudamus protillus Herrich-Schäffer, 1869
= ; [NL4A, #541a]
Goniurus retractus Plötz, 1880; , TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #541a]
Goniurus kefersteinii Plötz, 1880; , TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #541a]
Eudamus protillus var. rauterbergi Skinner, 1895; , TL: Texas
= ; [NL4A, #541a]

Eudamus amisus ; Hewitson, 1875, Ill. exot. Butts [5] (Eudamus II-III): [91], pl. [46], f. 10
athletes ; Mabille, 1903, (missp.)
kefersteini ; Godman, 1907, (missp.)
(Goniurus) amissus ; Skinner, 1911, (missp.)
rautenbergi ; Draudt, 1921, (missp.)
(Goniurus) dorantus ; Rocha, 1936, (missp.)
dorante ; Pérez et al., 1999, (missp.)
Urbanus dorantes dorantes ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NL4A, #541a]
U. d. santiago (Lucas, 1857)
Brazil, Jamaica, Haiti, Venezuela, Cuba, Grenada dorantes santiago (Lucas, 1857) (Eudamus); , TL: Cuba
Goniurus cariosa Herrich-Schäffer, 1862; , TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #541f]
Goniuris[sic] corydon Butler, 1870; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 492, TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #541f]
larius (Plötz, 1880) (Goniurus); (repl. name), TL: Cuba
Urbanus dorantes santiago ; [NACL, #3889a]
Urbanus corydon ; [BOW: pl. 88, f. 2]
Urbanus santiago ; [BOW: pl. 88, f. 3 (text)]
Urbanus dorantes santiago ; [NL4A, #541f]
U. d. obscurus (Hewitson, 1867)
Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, Saba, Antigua, Grenada, Barbados dorantes obscurus (Hewitson, 1867) (Eudamus); , TL: [Guadeloupe]
Eudamus brevicaudata Lathy, 1904; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1904 (1) : 453, TL: Dominica
= ; [NL4A, #541e]
Eudamus parvus Skinner, 1920; , TL: Martinique
= ; [NL4A, #541e]
Urbanus dorantes obscurus ; [NL4A, #541e]
U. d. galapagensis (Williams, 1911)
Galapagos Galapagos Skipper
Eudamus galapagensis Williams, 1911; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1: 303, TL: Galapagos
Eudamus galapagensis ; Draudt, 1921, in Seitz, Grosschmett. Erde 5: 853; Beebe, 1923, Zoologica 5: 55; Van Duzee, 1933, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 21 (12) : 144
Urbanus galapagensis ; Williams & Hayward, 1944, Acta Zoologica Lilloana del Instituto Miguel Lillo II: 93
Urbanus dorantes galapagensis ; Evans, 1952, Cat. amer. Hesp. Brit. Mus. 2: 93; Linsley & Usinger, 1966, Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 33: 157; Parkin, Parkin, Ewing & Ford, 1972, 103; Roque-Albelo, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 34, f. 1; [NL4A, #541d]

Larva on Phaseolus atropurpureus, P. mollis, Desmodium incanum, Galactia striata Roque-Albelo, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 34

U. d. calafia (Williams, 1926)
Mexico(Baja California) dorantes calafia (Williams, 1926) (Eudamus); , TL: Mexico, Baja California
Urbanus dorantes calafia, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus dorantes calafia, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus dorantes calafia ; [NL4A, #541b]
U. d. cramptoni Comstock, 1944
Antilles, Puerto Rico, ... dorantes cramptoni Comstock, 1944; , TL: Puerto Rico
Urbanus dorantes cramptoni ; [NL4A, #541c]

Urbanus doryssus (Swainson, 1831)
S.Texas, Argentina, CA, SA. See [About maps] White-tailed Skipper
Eudamus doryssus Swainson, 1831; Zool. Illustr. (2) 2 (11): pl. 48, f. 2, TL: Brazil, Bahia
Urbanus doryssus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus doryssus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus doryssus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Goniurus doryssus ; Plötz, 1881, Bull. Soc. Imp. nat. Moscou 55 (3) : 16
Eudamus doryssus ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 273
Doryssus doryssus ; [CATBUR]
Urbanus doryssus ; [NACL, #3894]; [BOW: pl. 88, f. 4]; [NL4A, #542]; [Opler]
Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Honduras Urbanus brachyus Hübner, [1819]; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #542a]
Goniurus brachius Geyer, 1832; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 4 : 8, : f. 609-610, TL: Brazil
= Eudamus doryssus ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 273
= ; [NL4A, #542a]
Eudamus leucites Mabille, 1888; , TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #542a]
Goniurus cleopatra Ehrmann, 1907; , TL: Venezuela
= ; [NL4A, #542a]
f. interruptus (Williams, 1926s) (Eudamus); , TL: Honduras
= ; [NL4A, #542a]
duryssus ; Draudt, 1921, (missp.)
doryrrus ; Forster, 1949, (missp.)
Urbanus brachius ; [BOW: pl. 87, f. 49 (text)]
Urbanus doryssus doryssus ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 160; [NL4A, #542a]
U. d. albicuspis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)
Colombia, Brazil(Santa Catarina, Rio de Janeiro, ...) ?Eudamus albicuspis Herrich-Schäffer, 1868; Prodr. Syst. Lep. 3: 68
Goniurus nivosus Plötz, 1881; Bull. Soc. Imp. nat. Moscou 55 (3) : 17, TL: Brazil, Santa Catarina
= Eudamus doryssus ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 273
= ; [NL4A, #542b]
Eudamus loxo Mabille, 1903; , TL: Brazil, Santa Catarina
= ; [NL4A, #542b]
Goniurus doryssus f. tenuis Williams, 1926; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #542b]
Urbanus albicuspis ; [BOW: pl. 87, f. 49 (text)]
Urbanus doryssus albicuspis ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 160; [NL4A, #542b]

Urbanus dubius Steinhauser, 1981
Colombia. See [About maps] Urbanus dubius Steinhauser, 1981; , TL: Colombia
Urbanus dubius ; [NL4A, #543]

Urbanus elmina Evans, 1952
Ecuador. See [About maps] Urbanus elmina Evans, 1952; , TL: Ecuador
Urbanus elmina ; [NL4A, #544]

Urbanus evenus (Ménétriés, 1855)
Brazil. See [About maps] Goniuris[sic] evenus Ménétriés, 1855; , TL: Brazil
Urbanus evenus ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NL4A, #548]

Urbanus evona Evans, 1952
Mexico, Guatemala, .... See [About maps] Urbanus evona Evans, 1952; , TL: Guatemala
Urbanus evona, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus evona, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus evona, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Urbanus evona ; [NL4A, #549]

Urbanus huancavillcas (Williams, 1926)
Ecuador. See [About maps] Eudamus huancavillcas Williams, 1926; , TL: Ecuador
huancavillas ; Evans, 1952, (missp.)
Urbanus huancavillcas ; [NL4A, #550]

Urbanus magnus Steinhauser, 1981
Ecuador. See [About maps] Urbanus magnus Steinhauser, 1981; , TL: Ecuador
Urbanus magnus ; [NL4A, #552]

Urbanus procne (Plötz, 1880)
S.Texas, Arizona?, Argentina, Brazil, CA, SA. See [About maps] Brown Longtail
Goniurus procne Plötz, 1880; , TL: Brazil
Urbanus procne, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus procne, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus procne, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Urbanus procne, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Teleus procne ;
Urbanus procne ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NACL, #3893]; [NL4A, #554]; [Opler]

Larva on Cynodon dactylon [NAB]


Urbanus prodicus Bell, 1956
Mexico. See [About maps] Urbanus prodicus Bell, 1956; , TL: Mexico, Veracruz
Urbanus hubbellus Freeman, 1969; J. New York Ent. Soc. 76 (4): (267-277), TL: Sinaloa, Sinaloa, Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #555]
Urbanus prodicus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus prodicus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
hubellus ; Anon., 1972, (missp.)
Urbanus prodicus ; [NL4A, #555]

Urbanus pronus Evans, 1952
CA, , Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay. See [About maps] Pronus Longtail
Urbanus pronus Evans, 1952; , TL: Ecuador
Urbanus plinius Bell, 1956; , TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #557]
Urbanus pronus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Urbanus pronus ; [NL4A, #557]; [Opler]

Urbanus reductus (Riley, 1919)
Brazil(Amazonas). See [About maps] Eudamus reductus Riley, 1919; Entomologist 52 : 201, TL: Brazil, Amazonas
?Urbanus doryssus reductus ;
Urbanus reductus ; [NL4A, #559]

Urbanus simplicius (Stoll, [1790])
Texas - C.America, S.America, Surinam, Brazil, Honduras, Bolivia, .... See [About maps] Plain Longtail
Papilio simplicius Stoll, [1790]; Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (2-5): 171, pl. 39, f. 6, 6E, TL: Surinam
Goniurus pilatus Plötz, 1880; , TL: Brazil, Bahia; Surinam
= ; [NL4A, #560]
Goniurus gracillcauda[?] Plötz, 1881; Bull. Soc. Imp. nat. Moscou 55 (3) : 2, TL: C.America
= ; [NL4A, #560]
Thymele thiemei Ehrmann, 1907; , TL: Honduras
= ; [NL4A, #560]
Thymele borja Ehrmann, 1907; , TL: Bolivia
= ; [NL4A, #560]
Urbanus simplicius, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus simplicius, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus simplicius, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]

sympticius ; Woodworth, 1912, (missp.)
gracilicauda ; Mabille & Boullet, 1912, (missp.)
theimei ; Lindsey et al., 1931, (missp.)
simplicii ; Rocha, 1954, (missp.)
simplicus ; Hughes, 1962, (missp.)
Thymele simplicius ; Scudder, 1872, 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 68
Goniurus simplicius ; Plötz, 1881, Bull. Soc. Imp. nat. Moscou 55 (3) : 2
Eudamus simplicius ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 270, 3: pl. 75, f. 1; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 56
Teleus simplicius ;
Urbanus simplicius ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NACL, #3892]; [BOW: pl. 88, f. 6]; [NL4A, #560]; [Opler]

Urbanus tanna Evans, 1952
Mexico, ..., Colombia. See [About maps] Tanna Longatail
Urbanus tanna Evans, 1952; , TL: Colombia
Urbanus tanna, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus tanna, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus tanna, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Teleus tanna ;
Urbanus tanna ; [NACL, #3891]; [NL4A, #561]; [Opler]

Urbanus teleus (Hübner, 1821)
S.Arizona, S.Texas, CA, SA, French Guiana, Brazil, Argentina. See [About maps] Teleus Longtail
Goniurus teleus Hübner, 1821
Hesperia eurycles Latreille, [1824]; in Godart, Ency. méth. 9 (2) : 730, TL: Brazil
= ; [NL4A, #562]
Goniurus zalanthus Plötz, 1880; , TL: Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul
= ; [NL4A, #562]
Goniurus latipennis Mabille & Vuillot, 1891; , TL: French Guiana
= ; [NL4A, #562]
Urbanus teleus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Urbanus teleus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Urbanus teleus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]

euricles ; Prittwitz, 1868, (missp.)
Goniurus eurycles ; Plötz, 3
Eudamus eurycles ; Godman & Salvin, [1893], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 272
Eudamus simplicius eurycles ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 56
zalandthus ; Mabille, 1903, (missp.)
euryctes ; Hayward, 1933, (missp.)
zelanthus ; Bell, 1946, (missp.)
tellus ; Riley, 1975, (missp.)
telemus ; DeVries, 1983, (missp.)
teleius ; de Jong, 1983, (missp.)
Teleus teleus ;
Urbanus teleus ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 159; [NACL, #3890]; [NL4A, #562]; [Opler]

Urbanus virescens (Mabille, 1877)
French Guiana, Brazil(Rio de Janeiro), Peru. See [About maps] Eudamus virescens Mabille, 1877; , TL: French Guiana
Goniurus herophilus Plötz, 1880; , TL: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
= ; [NL4A, #565]
Eudamus chlorothrix Röber, 1925; , TL: Peru
= ; [NL4A, #565]
virasceus ; Weeks, 1905, (missp.)
Urbanus virescens ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 160; [NL4A, #565]

Urbanus viridis Freeman, 1970
Mexico. See [About maps] Urbanus viridis Freeman, 1970; J. New York Ent. Soc. 78: (88-99), TL: Fortin de los Flores, Veracruz, Mexico
Urbanus viridis ; [NL4A, #566]

Urbanus viterboana (Ehrmann, 1907)
Mexico - Colombia, Ecuador. See [About maps] Thymele viterboana Ehrmann, 1907; , TL: Colombia
Urbanus viterboana, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Urbanus viterboana ; [NL4A, #567]

Urbanus zagorus (Plötz, 1880)
Brazil(Rio Grande do Sul), Argentina, .... See [About maps] Goniurus zagorus Plötz, 1880; , TL: Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul
Goniurus purpurata Hayward, 1933; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #568]
Urbanus zagoras ; Hayward, 1946, (missp.)
Urbanus zagorus ; [NL4A, #568]

The ??? species-group

?Urbanus lucida Plötz²
Colombia. See [About maps] ?Urbanus lucida ; [BOW: pl. 86, f. 24 (text)]

= Quadrus u-lucida Plötz?



Unknown or unplaced taxa

Thymela[sic] anesia Rocha, 1954; (nom. nud.), TL: Brazil, Ceará
anesia ; [NL4A, 41]

Thymela[sic] mirena Rocha, 1954; (nom. nud.), TL: Brazil, Ceará
mirena ; [NL4A, 41]


6.6.2012 (36)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[CATBUR]
The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County; Entomology; Butterfly Collection
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[John Shuey]
e-mail: jshuey at tnc.org; Director of Conservation Science; Indiana Office of The Nature Conservancy; http://www.nature.org
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Austin, 1998
Hesperiidae of Rondônia Brazil: Ridens and the "proteus" group of Urbanus with descriptions of new species J. Lep. Soc. 52 (2): 166-176
Beebe, 1923
Notes on Galápagos Lepidoptera Zoologica 5: 51-59
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera (continued) J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 145-168
Butler, 1870
Descriptions of some new diurnal Lepidoptera, chiefly Hesperiidae Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1870 (4) : 485-520
Butler, 1877
On the Lepidoptera of the Amazons, collected by James W. H. Trail, Esq. during the years 1873 to 1875 Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1877 (2) : 105-156, pl. 3
Butler & Druce, 1874
List of the butterflies of Costa Rica, with descriptions of new species Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (3) : 330-370
Westwood, [1852]
The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson Gen. diurn. Lep. (1): 1-18, pl. A, 1-4 (1-2) (1846), (1): 19-132, pl. 4*, 5-25, 28 (3-14) (1847), (1): 133-200, pl. 1*, 26, 27, 29, 31-44 (15-23) (1848), (1): 201-242, pl. 30, 45-52, 56-58, 60-62, 64 (24-31) (1849), (1): 243-250 [?], (2): 243-326, pl. 53-55, 63, 65, 66 (32-38) (1850), (2): 327-466, pl. 59, 67-77 (39-50) (1851), (2): 467-534, 143, 144, pl. 78-80 (Index) (51-54) (1852)
Draudt, 1921
Die amerikanischen Tagfalter. Lycaenidae and Grypocera in Seitz, Grosschmett. Erde 5: 744-999
Van Duzee, 1933
The Templeton Crocker Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences, 1932. No. 12. The Diurnal Lepidoptera of the Expedition Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 21 (12) : 139-146
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Evans, 1952
A catalogue of the American Hesperiidae indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum. Part II. Pyrginae Section 1. Cat. amer. Hesp. Brit. Mus. 2: 178pp, pls. 10-25
Freeman, 1969
New species and records of Hesperiidae from Mexico (Lepidoptera) J. New York Ent. Soc. 76 (4): 267-277
Freeman, 1969
Records, new species, and new genus of Hesperiidae from Mexico J. Lep. Soc. 23 (Suppl. 2): 62pp
Freeman, 1970
A new genus and eight new species of Mexican Hesperiidae J. New York Ent. Soc. 78: 88-99
Godman & Salvin, [1893]; Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Hewitson, 1875
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [5] : (Systematic Index) V, (Anteros): [1-2], pl. [1] (1867), (Erycina & Necyria): [3-4], pl. [2] (1870), (Erycina Symmachia &c): [5-6], pl. [3] (1875), (Necyria & Esthemopsis): [7-8], pl. [4] (1872), (Calydna): [9-10], pl. [5] (1854), (Calydna II): [11-12], pl. [6] (1859), (Theope): [13-14], pl. [7] (1860), (Symmachia): [15-16], pl. [8] (1867), (Symmachia & Charis II): [17-18], pl. [9] (1871), (Charis): [19-20], pl. [10] (1866), (Emesis): [21-22], pl. [11] (1872), (Nymphidium I): [23-24], pl. [12] (1853), (Nymphidium II-III): [25-28], pl. [13-14] (1865), (Nymphidium IV): [29-30], pl. [15] (1871), (Lemonias I): [31-32], pl. [16] (1853), (Lemonias II): [33-34], pl. [17] (1858), (Lemonias III-IV): [35-38], pl. [18-19] (1863), (Lemonias V): [39-40], pl. [20] (1872), (Lemonias & Baeotis): [41-42], pl. [21] (1875), (Lemonias & Baeotis): [43-44], pl. [22] (1874), (Pachythone & Cremna): [45-46], pl. [23] (1873), (Hades, Uraneis, &c): [47-48], pl. [24] (1870), (Limnas I-II): [49-52], pl. [25-26] (1853), (Limnas & Panara): [53-54], pl. [27] (1875), (Limnas &c): [55-56], pl. [28] (1876), (Limnas & Ithomeis): [57-58], pl. [29] (1870), (Chamaelimnas & Ithomiola): [59-60], pl. [30] (1871), (Hermathena &c): [61-62], pl. [31] (1875), (Ogyris): [63-64], pl. [32] (1853), (Pentila & Liptena): [65-66], pl. [33] (1866), (Pentila & Liptena II): [67-68], pl. [34] (1873), (Lycaena): [69-70], pl. [35] (1876), (Pyrrhopyga I-II): [71-74], pl. [36-37] (1857), (Pyrrhopyga): [75-76], pl. [38] (1869), (Pyrrhopyga II-III): [77-80], pl. [39-40] (1871), (Pyrrhopyga IV): [81-82], pl. [41] (1873), (Pyrrhopyga V & Erycides): [83-84], pl. [42] (1875), (Ismene I-II): [85-88], pl. [43-44] (1867), (Eudamus): [89-90], pl. [45] (1873), (Eudamus II-III): [91-94], pl. [46-47] (1875), (Chaetocneme): [95-96], pl. [48] (1874), (Hesperia I-II): [97-100], pl. [49-50] (1867), (Hesperia III): [101-102], pl. [51] (1868), (Hesperia IV): [103-104], pl. [52] (1869), (Hesperia V): [105-106], pl. [53] (1872), (Hesperia V*-VI): [107-110], pl. [54-55] (1873), (Hesperia VII): [111-112], pl. [56] (1876), (Leucochitonea): [113-114], pl. [57] (1869), (Leucochitonea II): [115-116], pl. [58] (1875), (Pterygospidea): [117-118], pl. [59] (1873), (Cyclopides): [119-120], pl. [60] (1874), (Cyclopides & Hesperilla): [121-122], pl. [61] (1874)
Hewitson, 1867
Descriptions of one Hundred new Species of Hesperidae. (1) Descr. One Hundred new Spec. Hesp. (1): [2] + ii + 25pp (+ 25 sp. no. 6 cynaca)
Hübner, [1807]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 1 (1806 - [1819]) Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [1-4] (1807), : [5-12] (1807-1809), : [13-36] (1823-1824), : pl. [1-2], [5-8], [12], [15], [29], [47] (1806), : pl. [9], [11], [17], [21], [25-27], [32], [35], [43-44], [56], [60], [79], [102], [104], [116], [141], [148], [150-151], [155], [159], [200] (1807), : pl. [19], [39], [57], [73], [82], [114], [157], [167], [170], [173], [187] (1807), : pl. [3], [31], [37], [46], [54], [58], [62], [76], [84], [92], [95], [105], [112-113], [117], [137-138], [146], [154], [158], [180], [209] (1808), : pl. [16], [28], [65], [89], [142], [160], [162], [166], [182], [188], [193] (1809), : pl. [4], [22], [42], [53], [61], [88], [90], [97], [100], [107], [110], [118], [120], [140], [143], [149], [161], [171], [178], [184], [196], [202] (1809), : pl. [10], [18], [30], [41], [51], [80], [144], [172], [189] (1810), : pl. [36], [70], [87], [91], [101], [124], [129], [177], [183], [207], [210] (1811), : pl. [20], [38], [45], [55], [85], [98], [103], [108], [136], [139], [152-153], [156], [163], [179], [186], [190], [205-206] (1812), : pl. [13-14], [40], [48], [50], [67], [74], [86], [119], [121], [130], [135], [175-176], [197-199], [204], [212] (1813), : pl. [72], [75], [77-78], [83], [93], [109], [111], [115], [128], [131], [165], [174], [194] (1813), : pl. [24], [49], [52], [63-64], [66], [68-69], [71], [81], [123], [145], [181], [192] (1814), : pl. [126], [132-134], [168] (1815), : pl. [23], [96], [122], [125], [169], [195] (1816), : pl. [33], [99], [127], [187], [185], [213] (1817), : pl. [59], [106], [147], [164], [208], [211] (1818), : pl. [34], [94], [191], [201] (1819), : (Index Systematicus) [1-4] (1819 - April 1823)
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hübner, 1823
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 2 [1819-] 1823 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-32, [33-40] (1823), : pl. [36-38], f. 201-218 (1819), : pl. [39-66], f. 219-382 (1819 - 1821), : pl. [67-69], f. 383-400 (1821 - 1822)
Geyer, 1832
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 4 [1826]-1832 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 4 : pl. [104-131], f. 601-764 (1826), : pl. [132-137], f. 765-800 (1827 - 1831), : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-48 (1832)
Lathy, 1904
A Contribution towards the Knowledge of the Lepidopter-Rhopalocera of Dominica Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1904 (1) : 450-454
Latreille, [1824]
Encylopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle. Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes in Godart, Ency. méth. 9 (2) : 329-828
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Linsley & Usinger, 1966
Insects of Galápagos islands Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 33: 113-196
Mabille, 1875
[Quelques diagnoses d'Hespériens] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 5 : ccxiii-ccxv,[213-215]
Mabille, 1891
Description d'Hespérides nouvelles Bull. Soc. Ent. Belg. 35 (16): lix-lxxxviii,[59-88], (17): cvi-cxxi,[106-121], (18): clxviii-clxxxvii,[168-187]
Plötz, 1881
Die Hesperiinen-Gattung Eudamus und ihre Arten. [1] Stettin ent. Ztg 42 (10-12) : 500-504
Plötz, 1881
Die Hesperiinen-Gattung Goniurus Hüb. und ihre Arten Bull. Soc. Imp. nat. Moscou 55 (3) : 1-22
Riley, 1919
Some new Rhopalocera from Brazil collected by E. H. W. Wickham, Esq. Entomologist 52 : 181-186, 200-202
Roque-Albelo, 2004
The butterflies (Papilionoidea, Hesperoidea) of the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador: distribution, hostplants and biology J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 33-43
Scudder, 1872
A systematic Revision of some of the American Butterflies; with brief notes on those known to occur in Essex County, Mass. 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 24-83
Stoll, [1790]
Aanhangsel van het Werk, de Uitlandsche Kapellen Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (1): 1-42, pl. 1-8 (1787), (2-5): 43-184, pl. 9-42 (1790)
Swainson, 1831
Zoological illustrations, or original figures and descriptions of new, rare or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged according to their apparent affinities. Second series Zool. Illustr. (2) 1: 1-30, pl. 1-30 (1829), 1: 31-45, pl. 31-45 (1830), 2 (11): 46-50, pl. 46-50, 2 (12): 51-55, pl. 51-55, 2 (13): 56-60, pl. 56-60, 2 (14): 61-65, pl. 61-65, 2 (15): 66-70, pl. 66-70, 2 (16): 71-75, pl. 71-75, 2 (17): 76-80, pl. 76-80, 2 (18): 81-85, pl. 81-85 (1831), 2 (19): 86-90, pl. 86-90, 2 (20): 91, pl. 91 (1832), 3 (21): 92-96, pl. 92-96 (1832), 3 (22): 97-101, pl. 97-101, 3 (23): 102-106, pl. 102-106, 3 (24): 107-111, pl. 107-111, 3 (25): 112-116, pl. 112-116, 3 (26): 117-121, pl. 117-121, 3 (27): 122-126, pl. 122-126, 3 (28): 127-131, pl. 127-131, 3 (29): 132-136, pl. 132-136 (1833)
Williams, 1911
Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galápagos Islands, 1905-1906. II. The butterflies and hawk-moths of the Galápagos Islands Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1: 289-322
Williams & Hayward, 1944
Hesperiidarum rei publicae aequatoris catalogus Acta Zoologica Lilloana del Instituto Miguel Lillo II: 63-246


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.