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Hesperopsis Dyar, 1905
Hesperopsis Dyar, 1905; J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 13 : 118, TS: Thanaos alpheus Edwards
Hesperopsis (Pyrgini) ; [NL4A, 49]

Hesperopsis alpheus (Edwards, 1876)
New Mexico, Arizona, Mexico. See [About maps] Saltbush Sootywing
Thanaos alpheus Edwards, 1876; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 5 : 206, TL: New Mexico
Hesperopsis alpheus alpheus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Hesperopsis alpheus alpheus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Hesperopsis alpheus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
?Pholisora aepheus[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 22, f. 23]
Pholisora alpheus ; Godman & Salvin, [1897], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 442, 3: pl. 90, f. 15; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 59; [NACL, #3980]
Hesperopsis alpheus ; [NL4A, #809]; [Opler]

Larva on Atriplex canescens [NAB]

New Mexico, Mexico alphaeus ; Dyar, 1905, (missp.)
Hesperopsis alpheus alpheus ; [NL4A, #809a]
H. a. oricus (Edwards, 1879)
Nevada, Arizona Pholisora alpheus oricus Edwards, 1879; (?1876), TL: Carson Valley, Douglas Co., Nevada
Hesperopsis arizonensis Mabille & Boullet, 1917; , TL: Arizona
= ; [NL4A, #809b]
Pholisora alpheus oricus ; [NACL, #3980a]
Hesperopsis alpheus oricus ; [NL4A, #809b]
H. a. texana (Scott, 1981)
Mexico Pholisora alpheus texana Scott, 1981
Hesperopsis alpheus texana, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Hesperopsis alpheus texana, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Hesperopsis alpheus texana ;

Hesperopsis gracielae (MacNeill, 1970)
Mexico (Baja?), California. See [About maps] 'McNeil's' Saltbush Sootywing
Pholisora gracielae MacNeill, 1970; Ent. News 81 (7): (177-184) , TL: California
Hesperopsis gracielae, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Hesperopsis gracielae, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Hesperopsis gracielae, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Hesperopsis alpheus gracielae ;
graciliae ; Wiesenborn, 1997, (missp.)
Pholisora gracielae ; [NACL, #3981]
Hesperopsis gracielae ; [NL4A, #810]; [Opler]

Hesperopsis libya (Scudder, 1878)
Nevada - California, Mexico. See [About maps] Mojave Sootywing Great Basin Sootywing Lena Sooty Wing Mohave Sootywing
Heteropterus libya Scudder, 1878; Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv. 4 (1) : 258, TL: Arizona
Hesperopsis libya libya, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Hesperopsis libya, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Hesperopsis libya, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Hesperopsis libya libya, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Pholisora libya ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 59; [BOW: pl. 22, f. 23 (text)]; [NACL, #3979]
Hesperopsis libya ; [BOC, 63]; [NL4A, #811]; [Opler]

Larva on Atriplex canescens [NAB]

Arizona, ... Hesperopsis libya libya ; [NL4A, #811a]
H. l. lena (Edwards, 1882)
Ancyloxypha lena Edwards, 1882; Can. Ent. 14 (1) : 5, TL: Miles City
Pholisora lena ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 59
Pholisora libya lena ; [NACL, #3979a]
Hesperopsis libya lena ; [BOC, 63]
H. l. joaquina Emmel, Emmel & Mattoon, 1998
California Hesperopsis libya joaquina Emmel, Emmel & Mattoon, 1998; , TL: Kern Co., California

27.7.2008 (3)

[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
Robert Michael Pyle, 2002; The Butterflies of Cascadia
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.

Some related literature:
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Dyar, 1905
A review of the Hesperiidae of the United States J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 13 : 111-141
Edwards, 1876
Description of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States and British North America Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 5 : 202-208
Edwards, 1882
Descriptions of two new species of North American butterflies Can. Ent. 14 (1) : 2-6
Godman & Salvin, [1897]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
MacNeill, 1970
A new Pholisora with notes on P. alpheus (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) Ent. News 81 (7) : 177-184
Scudder, 1878
Notice of the butterflies collected by Dr. Edward Palmer in the arid regions of southern Utah and northern Arizona during the summer of 1877 Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv. 4 (1) : 253-258

If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.