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Erynnis Schrank, 1801
Duskywings
Erynnis Schrank, 1801; Fauna Boica 2 (1) : 152, 157, TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Thymele Fabricius, 1807; Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 287, TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Thymale Oken, 1815; Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3 (Zool.) (1): 757-758 (unavail.), TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Astycus Hübner, 1822; Syst.-alph. Verz.: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8-10, TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Thanaos Boisduval, [1834]; Icon. hist. Lépid. Europe 1 (23-24): 240, TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Thanatos [Dunning & Pickard], 1858; Accentuated List Brit. Lep.: 6 (unjust. emend.)
Hallia Tutt, [1906]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 8 : 261 (preocc. Hallia Edwards & Haime, 1850), TS: Thanaos marloyi Boisduval
Erynnides Burns, 1964
Thanaos ; Godman & Salvin, [1899], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 455
Erynnis (Pyrgini) ; [NL4A, 47]


[sp-1x.jpg] 900x617 (~75Kb) USA: Near Crystal Mtn, (46°57'51N 121°28'55W), Pierce Co., WA, 27.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-1y.jpg] 700x652 (~66Kb) USA: Near Crystal Mtn, (46°57'51N 121°28'55W), Pierce Co., WA, 27.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-2U.jpg] identification uncertain 500x378 (~51Kb) Venezuela, Parai Tepui near Mount Roraima in the Gran Sabana, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.

[NL4A] introduced subgeneric division, but I don't know how to place the species outside neotropics.



Erynnis montanus (Bremer, 1861)
S.China - Amur, Japan. See [About maps] montanus (Bremer, 1861) (Pyrgus); Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersb. 3 Mélanges biol. St.-Pétersb. 3 (5-6): 556, TL: Bureinsky Mts., Amur region
Thanaos rusticanus Butler, 1866; J. Linn. Soc. Zool. Lond. 9 (34) : 58, TL: Japan, Hakodate
Erynnis montanus; [BOW: pl. 208, f. 9]
Erynnis montanus, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Erynnis montanus, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Erynnis montanus ; [BRU, 106]; [MRS, 705]

Larva on Quercus mongolica [BRU]

Erynnis montanus nigrescens ; [MRS, 705]
Erynnis montanus monta ; [MRS, 705]
E. m. neomontanus Murayama & Yoshisaka, 1959
Formosa Erynnis montanus neomontanus Murayama & Yoshisaka, 1959; Tyô to Ga 10 (1): 14, TL: Poli?, Formosa

Erynnis tages (Linnaeus, 1758)
CEU, SEU, tr, Russia, Siberia, C.Asia, China, Amur. See [About maps] Dingy Skipper Dunkler Dickopffalter Skogssmygare La Grisette Cervantes Powszelatek brunatek
Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 485
morio Scopoli, 1763
geryon Rottenburg, [1775]
Erynnis tages, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Erynnis tages, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Erynnis tages, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Erynnis tages, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Erynnis tages, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Erynnis tages, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Erynnis tages ; [BOW: pl. 11, f. 15]; [BRU, 106]; [MRS, 705]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[tages-1u.jpg] 500x319 (~36Kb) upperside Haldon woods, Devon, UK 21/05/95, Photo © Simon Coombes [tages-2u.jpg] 800x600 (~114Kb) upperside Open pine forest on a hill just NE of the Chita City, Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia. 17th June 1995, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Lotus corniculatus, Eryngium, Coronilla [H&R], Medicago, Hippocrepis [BRU]


E. t. unicolor Freyer, 1852
Transcaucasus
E. t. elbursina (Bytinski-Salz, 1937)
Iran tages elbursina (Bytinski-Salz, 1937) (Thanaos); Ent. Rec. 49: (3)

Erynnis popoviana Nordmann, 1851
Mongolia, N.China, E.China, C.China, Ussuri. See [About maps] popoviana Nordmann, 1851; Bull. Soc. imp. Nat. Moscou 24 (4): 443, TL: Kyakhta, Transbaikalia
sinina Grum-Grshimailo, 1891
Erynnis popoviana, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Erynnis tages popoviana ; [MRS, 705]
Erynnis popoviana ; [BRU, 107]
[popoviana-1u.jpg] 800x600 (~121Kb) upperside Wet ground at the pool in the pine forest called Tsasucheiskii Bor at the village Nizhnii Tsasuchei, Onon District, Chita Province, SE Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia. 22nd June 1995, Photo © Oleg Kosterin


Erynnis marloyi (Boisduval, [1834])
Balkans, Asia Minor, Syria, Iran, Chitral. See [About maps] Inky Skipper
Thanaos marloyi Boisduval, [1834]; Icon. hist. Lépid. Europe 1 (23-24): 241, pl. 47, f. 6-7, TL: Peloponnesos, Greece
sericea Freyer, [1838]
rustan Kollar, [1849]
Erynnis marloyi, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Erynnis marloyi, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Erynnis marloyi ; [BOW: pl. 11, f. 14]; [BRU, 107]; [Otakar Kudrna]

Erynnis pathan Evans, 1949
Ghissar - Chitral, N.Baluchistan. See [About maps] Erynnis pathan Evans, 1949; Cat. Hesp. Europe Asia Australia Brit. Mus. : 168, TL: Chitral, Utzun Valley
Erynnis pathan, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Erynnis pathan ; [BRU, 107]

Erynnis pelias (Leech, 1891)
W.China. See [About maps] Nisoniades pelias Leech, 1891; Entomologist 24 (Suppl.) : 60, TL: Ta-chein-lu; Wa-ssu-kou
Erynnis pelias ; Huang, 2001

Subgenus Erynnis Schrank, 1801
Erynnis Schrank, 1801; Fauna Boica 2 (1) : 152, 157, TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Thymele Fabricius, 1807; Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 287, TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Thymale Oken, 1815; Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3 (Zool.) (1): 757-758 (unavail.), TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Astycus Hübner, 1822; Syst.-alph. Verz.: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8-10, TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Thanaos Boisduval, [1834]; Icon. hist. Lépid. Europe 1 (23-24): 240, TS: Papilio tages Linnaeus
Thanatos [Dunning & Pickard], 1858; Accentuated List Brit. Lep.: 6 (unjust. emend.)
Hallia Tutt, [1906]; Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 8 : 261 (preocc. Hallia Edwards & Haime, 1850), TS: Thanaos marloyi Boisduval

Erymnis ; Rafinesque, 1815, (missp.)
Erinnys ; Ochsenheimer, 1816, (missp.)
Tanaus ; Blanchard, 1840, (missp.)
Thannaos ; Lang, 1884, (missp.)
Thanaus ; Kirby, 1897, in Allen, Nat. Libr., Lepid. 3: 12 (missp.)
Thymela ; Raymundo da Silva, 1907, (missp.)
Thanaes ; Simms, 1920, (missp.)
Thimele ; Hayward, 1933, (missp.)
Astyeus ; Evans, 1953, (missp.)
Thymate ; Hayward, 1973, (missp.)
Prynnis ; Miller, 1992, (missp.)
Thymeles ; Nekrutenko, 2003, (missp.)
Erynnis (Erynnis) ; [NL4A, 47]

Erynnis brizo (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1834])
E.USA, Colorado, Arizona. See [About maps] Sleepy Duskywing
Thanaos brizo Boisduval & Le Conte, [1834]; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (23-26): pl. 66, TL: N.Amer.
Erynnis brizo, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thanaos brizo ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 59
Erynnis brizo ; [NACL, #3946]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnis) brizo ; [NL4A, #751]

Larva on Quercus, less Castanea dentata [NAB]

Mexico, ... briso ; Okano, 1981, (missp.)
Erynnis (Erynnis) brizo brizo ; [NL4A, #751a]
E. b. somnus (Lintner, 1881)
Florida? Nisoniades[?] somnus Lintner, 1881; Papilio 1 (5) : 73
Thanaos somnus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis brizo somnus ; [NACL, #3946a]
E. b. lacustra (Wright, 1905)
Mexico, California brizo lacustra (Wright, 1905) (Nisoniades); , TL: California
Erynnis pacuvius lacustra Wright, 1904;
Erynnis brizo lacustra ; [NACL, #3946c]
Erynnis (Erynnis) brizo lacustra ; [NL4A, #751c]
E. b. burgessi (Skinner, 1914)
Mexico, Arizona brizo burgessi (Skinner, 1914) (Thanaos); , TL: Arizona
Erynnis brizo burgessi, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis brizo burgessi, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis brizo burgessi, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
burgessii ; Klots, 1951, (missp.)
Erynnis brizo burgessi ; [NACL, #3946b]
Erynnis (Erynnis) brizo burgessi ; [NL4A, #751b]
E. b. muelleri (Draudt, 1923)
Mexico brizo muelleri (Draudt, 1923) (Thanaos); , TL: Mexico, Puebla
mulleri ; Hoffmann, 1932, (missp.)
Erynnis (Erynnis) brizo muelleri ; [NL4A, #751d]

Erynnis icelus (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)
New York, ..?.., California. See [About maps] Dreamy Duskywing Aspen Dusky Wing
Nisoniades icelus Scudder & Burgess, 1870; , TL: "New England"
Nisoniades icelus Lintner, 1872; 23 Rept. N.Y. Sta. Cab. Nat. Hist.: 162 (preocc.), TL: New York
Nisoniades bautista Plötz, 1884; , TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #752]
Nisoniades hamamaelidis Scudder, 1889; (nom. nud.), TL: USA
= ; [NL4A, #752]
?Thanaos icelus Lintner, 1872
Erynnis icelus, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Erynnis icelus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis icelus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Erynnis icelus, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Thanaos icelus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
hamamaelides ; Bridges, 1983, (missp.)
Erynnis icelus ; [NACL, #3945]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 36]; [BOC, 51]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnis) icelus ; [NL4A, #752]

Larva on Salix, Populus, Robinia, Betula [NAB]


Erynnis mercurius (Dyar, 1926)
Mexico. See [About maps] Thanaos mercurius Dyar, 1926; , TL: Mexico, Distrito Federal
Erynnis (Erynnis) mercurius ; [NL4A, #753]

Subgenus Erynnides Burns, 1964
Erynnides (Erynnis) ; [NL4A, 47]

Erynnis afranius (Lintner, 1878)
Mexico - Manitoba. See [About maps] Afranius Duskywing Bald Duskywing
Nisoniades afranius Lintner, 1878; 30 Rept. N.Y. Mus. Nat. Hist.: 175, TL: "Colorado"
Erynnis afranius, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Erynnis afranius, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis afranius, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis afranius, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Erynnis afranius, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Thanaos afranius ; Godman & Salvin, [1899], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 459, 3: pl. 91, f. 24-26; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis afranius ; [NACL, #3960]; [BOC, 54]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) afranius ; [NL4A, #754]

Larva on Lupinus, Lotus [NAB], Thermopsis rhombifolia [BOC]


Erynnis funeralis (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)
California, S.Nevada, S.Utah, Colorado, W.Kansas - Texas - Argentina, Chile, Colombia. See [About maps] Funereal Duskywing
Nisoniades funeralis Scudder & Burgess, 1870; Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 293, TL: Texas
Helias clericalis Burmeister, 1875; , TL: Argentina
= ; [NL4A, #755]
Nisoniades australis Mabille, 1883; Bull. Soc. Ent. Belg. 27 : liv [54], TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #755]
Erynnis funeralis, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis funeralis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis funeralis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Erynnis funeralis, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Phlebodes clericalis ; Burmeister, 1878
Erynnis zarucco funeralis ;
Thanaos funeralis ; Godman & Salvin, [1899], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 456, 3: pl. 91, f. 10-14; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis funeralis ; [NACL, #3957]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 34]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) funeralis ; [NL4A, #755]

Larva on Fabaceae [NAB]


Erynnis horatius (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)
E.USA, Florida, Mexico. See [About maps] Horace's Duskywing
Nisoniades horatius Scudder & Burgess, 1870; Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 301, TL: Massachusetts/Texas
Nisoniades virgilius Scudder & Burgess, 1870; , TL: USA
= ; [NL4A, #756]
Nisoniades petronius Mead, 1875; (nom. nud.)
Nisoniades petronius Lintner, 1881; Papilio 1 (5) : 70, TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #756]
Erynnis horatius, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis horatius, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis horatius, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thanaos petronius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Thanaos horatius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Thanaos horatuis ; Draudt, 1923, (missp.)
Erynnis horatius ; [NACL, #3952]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 35]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) horatius ; [NL4A, #756]

Larva on Quercus muehlenbergii, Q. gambelii, Q. texana [NAB]


Erynnis juvenalis (Fabricius, 1793)
E.USA - Rocky Mts.. See [About maps] Juvenal's Duskywing
Hesperia juvenalis Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3: 339, TL: America
Erynnis juvenalis juvenalis, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis juvenalis juvenalis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis juvenalis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thanaos juvenalis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis juvenalis ; [NACL, #3947]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 35 (text)]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) juvenalis ; [NL4A, #757]

Larva on Quercus velutina, Q. rubra, Q. alba [NAB]

Florida, ...? Nisoniades juvenis Hübner, [1819]; (repl. name), TL: America
= Thanaos juvenalis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
= ; [NL4A, #757a]
Nisoniades costalis Westwood, 1852
= ; [NL4A, #757a]
Nisoniades ennius Scudder & Burgess, 1870; , TL: USA
= ; [NL4A, #757a]
Nisoniades plautus Scudder & Burgess, 1870; Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 304, TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #757a]
Erynnis juvenalis plautus ;
Thanaos plautus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 61
Erynnis (Erynnides) juvenalis juvenalis ; [NL4A, #757a]
E. j. clitus (Edwards, 1883)
Arizona, New Mexico, Mexico Thanaos clitus Edwards, 1882; Papilio 2 (9-10) : 180, TL: Arizona
Thanaos maestus Godman, [1899]; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 457, 3: pl. 91, f. 18, TL: Arizona; Mexico, Pinal, Puebla
= ; [NL4A, #757b]
Erynnis juvenalis clitus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis clitus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis juvenalis clitus, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Thanaos clitus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis clitus ; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 34 (text)]
moestus ; Skinner, 1904, (missp.)
Erynnis juvenalis clitus ; [NACL, #3947a]
Erynnis (Erynnides) juvenalis clitus ; [NL4A, #757b]

Erynnis martialis (Scudder, 1869)
NE.USA - Alabama. See [About maps] Mottled Duskywing
Nisoniades martialis Scudder, 1869; Trans. Chicago Acad. Sci. 1 (2): 355, TL: Iowa
Thanaos quercus Butler, 1870; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #758]
Nisoniades ausonius Lintner, 1872; 23 Rept. N.Y. Sta. Cab. Nat. Hist.: 166, TL: New York
= ; [NL4A, #758]
Erynnis martialis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis martialis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thanaos ausonius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Thanaos martialis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis martialis ; [NACL, #3954]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 37]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) martialis ; [NL4A, #758]

Larva on Ceanothus americanus, C. fendleri [NAB]


Erynnis meridianus Bell, 1927
California, Nevada, New Mexico, .... See [About maps] Meridian Duskywing Southern Duskywing
Erynnis meridianus Bell, 1927; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 35 (3): 261, TL: Arizona
Erynnis meridianus meridianus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis meridianus meridianus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis meridianus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Erynnis meridianus, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Erynnis meridianus ; [NACL, #3950]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 35 (text)]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) meridianus ; [NL4A, #759]
Arizona, Mexico, ... meridanus ; Ferris, 1976, (missp.)
Erynnis (Erynnides) meridianus meridianus ; [NL4A, #759a]
E. m. fieldi Burns, 1964
Mexico Erynnis meridianus fieldi Burns, 1964; , TL: Mexico, Michoacán
Erynnis (Erynnides) meridianus fieldi ; [NL4A, #759b]

Erynnis pacuvius (Lintner, 1878)
W.USA, S.USA. See [About maps] Pacuvius Duskywing Dyar's Duskywing Buckthorn Dusky Wing
Nisoniades pacuvius Lintner, 1878; 30 Rept. N.Y. Mus. Nat. Hist.: 172, TL: New Mexico
Erynnis pacuvius pacuvius, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis pacuvius pacuvius, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis pacuvius, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Erynnis pacuvius pacuvius, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Thanaos pacuvius ; Godman & Salvin, [1899], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 458, 3: pl. 91, f. 16-17; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis pacuvius ; [NACL, #3955]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 33 (text)]; [BOC, 53]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) pacuvius ; [NL4A, #760]

Larva on Ceanothus, C. fendleri [NAB]

Mexico, New Mexico Erynnis (Erynnides) pacuvius pacuvius ; [NL4A, #760a]
E. p. lilius (Dyar, 1904)
British Columbia, Washington pacuvius lilius (Dyar, 1904); , TL: Kaslo, British Columbia
Erynnis pacuvius lilius, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis pacuvius lilius ; [NACL, #3955a]; [BOC, 53]

Larva on Ceanothus velutinus [BOC]

E. p. pernigra (Grinnell, 1905)
Erynnis pacuvius pernigra, Butterflies of America [BOA]
?Erynnis persius pernigra ;
Erynnis pacuvius perniger[sic] ; [NACL, #3955b]
E. p. callidus (Grinnell, 1904)
California, Mexico Thanaus callidus Grinnell, 1905; , TL: California
Erynnis pacuvius callidus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis pacuvius callidus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis pacuvius callidus ; [NACL, #3955c]
Erynnis (Erynnides) pacuvius callidus ; [NL4A, #760b]

Erynnis propertius (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)
from (British Columbia - Baja California) - Nevada. See [About maps] Propertius Duskywing Western Oak Dusky Wing
Nisoniades propertius Scudder & Burgess, 1870; Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 298, TL: California
Nisoniades tibullus Scudder & Burgess, 1870; Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 298, TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #761]
?Nisoniades[?] propertius Lintner, 1881; Papilio 1 (5) : 71
Thanaos propertius Lintner, 1881
Erynnis propertius, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis propertius, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Thanaos propertius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Thanaos tibullus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 61
Erynnis propertius ; [NACL, #3949]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 35 (text)]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) propertius ; [NL4A, #761]

Larva on Quercus agrifolia, Q. garryana [NAB]


Erynnis scudderi (Skinner, 1914)
Mexico, Arizona. See [About maps] Scudder's Duskywing
Thanaos scudderi Skinner, 1914; , TL: Arizona
Erynnis scudderi, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis scudderi, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis scudderi, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Erynnis scudderi, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Erynnis scudderi ; [NACL, #3951]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) scudderi ; [NL4A, #762]

Erynnis telemachus Burns, 1960
Arizona. See [About maps] Rocky Mountain Duskywing
Erynnis telemachus Burns, 1960; Wasmann J. Biol. 18 (1): 148, TL: Arizona
Erynnis telemachus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Erynnis telemachus ; [NACL, #3948]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) telemachus ; [NL4A, #763]

Larva on Quercus gambelii [NAB]


Erynnis tristis (Boisduval, 1852)
Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Mexico - Colombia, CA. See [About maps] Mournfull Duskywing
Thanaos tristis Boisduval, 1852; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 311, TL: California
Erynnis tristis tristis, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis tristis tristis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis tristis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Nisoniades tristis ; Scudder & Burgess, 1870, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 303
Thanaos tristis ; Godman & Salvin, [1899], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 457, 3: pl. 91, f. 15; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis tristis ; [NACL, #3953]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) tristis ; [NL4A, #764]

Larva on Quercus [NAB]

Mexico, California, ... tristus ; Ferris, 1977, (missp.)
tritus ; Ferris, 1977, (missp.)
ristis ; Warren, 2000, (missp.)
Erynnis (Erynnides) tristis tristis ; [NL4A, #764a]
E. t. tatius (Edwards, 1882)
Arizona, Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama - Colombia Thanaos tatius Edwards, 1882; Papilio 2 (9-10) : 179, TL: [Arizona]
Thanaos albomarginatus Godman, [1899]; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 458, 3: pl. 91, f. 19-23, TL: Mexico, Cordova; Guatemala, Chisoy Valley; Costa Rica, Irazu; Panama, Chiriqui; Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #764c]
Erynnis tristis tatius, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Erynnis tristis tatius, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis tristis tatius, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
tacitus ; Maynard, 1901, (missp.)
Thanaos tatius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis albomarginatus ; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 33]
tatitus ; Ferris, 1977, (missp.)
Erynnis tristis tatius ; [NACL, #3953a]
Erynnis (Erynnides) tristis tatius ; [NL4A, #764c]
E. t. pattersoni Burns, 1964
Mexico(Baja California Sur) Erynnis tristis pattersoni Burns, 1964; , TL: Mexico(Baja California Sur)
Erynnis (Erynnides) tristis pattersoni ; [NL4A, #764b]

Erynnis zarucco (Lucas, 1857)
Cuba, Texas, Florida. See [About maps] Zarucco Duskywing
Thanaos zarucco Lucas, 1857; , TL: Cuba
Nisoniades terentius Scudder & Burgess, 1870; Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 292, TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #765]
Nisoniades ovidius Scudder & Burgess, 1870; , TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #765]
Nisoniades naevius Lintner, 1881; Papilio 1 (5) : 69, TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #765]
Antigonus diogenes Plötz, 1884; , TL: Cuba
= ; [NL4A, #765]
Erynnis zarucco, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis zarucco, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]

jaruco ; Gundlach, 1881, (missp.)
ferentius ; Plötz, 1884, (missp.)
Thanaos terentius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Thanaos naevius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
jaracco ; Wolcott, 1936, (missp.)
zaruco ; Silva et al., 1968, (missp.)
jarucco ; Beattie, 1976, (missp.)
Erynnis zarucco ; [NACL, #3956]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 35 (text)]; [Opler]
Erynnis (Erynnides) zarucco ; [NL4A, #765]

Larva on Robinia [NAB]


Subgenus ?

Erynnis lucilius (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)
S.USA - Mexico. See [About maps] Columbine Duskywing
lucilius (Scudder & Burgess, 1870) (Nisoniades); Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 287
?lucilius (Lintner, 1872); 23 Rept. N.Y. Sta. Cab. Nat. Hist.: 162
?Thanaos lucilius Lintner, 1872
Erynnis lucilius, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thanaos lucilius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis lucilius ; [NACL, #3958]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 38 (text)]; [Opler]

Larva on Aquilegia canadensis [NAB]


Erynnis baptisiae (Forbes, 1936)
E.USA. See [About maps] Wild Indigo Duskywing
Erynnis baptisiae, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Erynnis baptisiae, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Erynnis baptisiae ; [NACL, #3959]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 38 (text)]; [Opler]

Larva on Rubus chamaemorus [NAB]


Erynnis persius (Scudder, 1863)
USA, Canada. See [About maps] Persius Duskywing Hairy Dusky Wing
persius (Scudder, 1863); Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 170
Erynnis persius, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Erynnis persius, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Thanaos persius ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 60
Erynnis persius ; [NACL, #3961]; [BOW: pl. 21, f. 38]; [BOC, 55]; [Opler]

Larva on Lupinus, Thermopsis [NAB], Lupinus latifolius, L. sericeus, Thermopsis, Astragalus, Lotus [BOC]

E. p. borealis (Cary, 1906)
Thanaus propertius var. borealis Cary, 1906; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 31 (1488) : 455, TL: N.Nahanni R., Mckenzie Dist., NW Terr.
Erynnis persius borealis ; [NACL, #3961a]; [BOC, 55]
E. p. avinoffi (Holland, 1930)
Erynnis persius avinoffi ; [NACL, #3961b]
E. p. fredericki Freeman, 1943
Erynnis persius fredericki Freeman, 1943; Ent. News 54 (3): (72-77) , TL: near Lead, Spearfish Canyon, [Lawrence Co.,] South Dakota
Erynnis persius fredericki ; [NACL, #3961c]
Erynnis persius frederecki[sic] ; [BOC, 55]


31.1.2013 (24)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOC]
Robert Michael Pyle, 2002; The Butterflies of Cascadia
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU]
Tuzov, Bogdanov, Devyatkin, Kaabak, Korolev, Murzin, Samodurov, Tarasov, 1997; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae; Volume 1
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[H&R]
Higgins, L.G, Riley, N.D, 1970; A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[Ilya Osipov]
The insects from former USSR for collectors Web site; e-mail: Ilya Osipov; http://www.osipov.org/insects/
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[SZMN]
Lepidoptera; Siberian Zoological Museum
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk


Some related literature:
Bell, 1927
Description of a new species of Erynnis (Thanaos Auct.) (Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera-Hesperiidae) J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 35 (3): 261-263
Boisduval, [1834]
Icones historique des Lépidoptères nouveaux ou peu connus. Collection, avec Figures coloritées, des Papillons d'Europe nouvellement découverts; ouvrage formant le complément de tous les auteurs iconographes Icon. hist. Lépid. Europe 1 (1-2): 1-24, pl. 1-4 (1832), (3-4): 25-40, pl. 5-8 (1832), (5-6): 41-56, pl. 9-12 (1832), (7-8): 57-72, pl. 13-16 (1832), (9-10): 73-104, pl. 17-20 (1833), (11-12): 105-120, pl. 21-24 (1833), (13-14): 121-144, pl. 25-28 (1833), (15-16): 145-160, pl. 29-32 (1833), (17-18): 161-184, pl. 33-36 (1833), (19-20): 185-208, pl. 37-40 (1834), (21-22): 209-224, pl. 41-44 (1834), (23-24): 225-248, pl. 45-47 (1834), (25-28): 249-252 (1834)
Boisduval, 1852
Lépidoptères de la Californie Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 275-324
Boisduval & Le Conte, [1834]
Histoire générale et iconographie des lépidoptères et des chenilles de l'Amérique septentrionale Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (1): 1-16. pl. 1-3 (1829), (2): 17-24, pl. 4-6 (1829), (3/4): 25-40, pl. 7-12 ([1830]), (5/6): 41-56, pl. 13-18 ([1830]), (7/8): 57-80, pl. 19-24 ([1830]), (9/10): 81-100, pl. 25-30 (1833), (11-22): 101-196, pl. 31-65 ([1835]), (23-26): 197-228, pl. 66-78 ([1837])
Bremer, 1861
Neue Lepidopteren aus Ost-Sibirien und dem Amur-Lande gesammelt von Radde und Maack, bescrieben von Otto Bremer Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersb. 3 : 461-496, Mélanges biol. St.-Pétersb. 3 (5-6): 538-589
Burns, 1960
A new species of oak-eating Erynnis (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) Wasmann J. Biol. 18 (1): 147-160, f. 1-7
Butler, 1866
A list of the diurnal Lepidoptera recently collected by Mr. Whitely in Hakodadi (North Japan) J. Linn. Soc. Zool. Lond. 9 (34) : 50-58
Cary, 1906
On the Diurnal Lepidoptera of the Athabaska and Mackenzie Region, British America Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 31 (1488) : 425-457
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Edwards, 1882
Two new species of Thanaos Papilio 2 (9-10) : 179-180
Evans, 1949
A catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia and Australia in the British Museum Cat. Hesp. Europe Asia Australia Brit. Mus. : 1-502, pl. 1-53
Fabricius, 1807
Systema Glossatorum. Die neueste Gattungs-Eintheilung der Schmetterlinge aus den Linnéischen Gattungen Papilio und Sphinx Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 277-295
Freeman, 1943
New Hesperioidea, with Notes on Some Others from the United States (Lepidotera, Rhopalocera) Ent. News 54 (3) : 72-77
Godman & Salvin, [1899]; Godman in Godman & Salvin, [1899]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Hübner, 1822
Systematisch-alphabetisches Verzeichniss aller bisher bey den Fürbildungen zur Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge angegebenen Gattungsbenennungen; mit Vormerkung auch augsburgischer Gattungen, von Jacob Hübner Syst.-alph. Verz.: [I-III], IV-VI, [1]-2-81
Leech, 1891
New Species of Rhopalocera from Western China Entomologist 24 (Suppl.) : 57-61, 66-68
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Lintner, 1881
On some species of Nisoniades Papilio 1 (5) : 69-74
Mabille, 1883
Description d'hespériens Bull. Soc. Ent. Belg. 27 : li-lxxviii
Murayama & Yoshisaka, 1959
Die neu aus Formosa entdeckte Art Erynnis montanus BREMER [in Japanese] Tyô to Ga 10 (1): 14
Schrank, 1801
Fauna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baiern einheimischen und zahmen Thiere Fauna Boica 2 (1) : 1-374
Tutt, [1906]
A natural history of the British Lepidoptera. A text-book for students and collectors Nat. Hist. Br. Lepid. 8 : 1-479, pl. 1-20


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.