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Piruna Evans, 1955
Piruna Evans, 1955; Cat. amer. Hesp. Brit. Mus. 4: 10, 11, TS: Pholisora pirus Edwards
Piruna (Heteropterinae) ; [NL4A, 60]

Piruna aea (Dyar, 1912)
S.Arizona - Mexico - Guatemala. See [About maps] Many-spotted Skipperling
Butleria aea Dyar, 1912; , TL: Mexico(Guerrero/Oaxaca)
Piruna aea aea, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna aea aea, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna aea, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Piruna aea ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1275]
Mexico, Guatemala Piruna sombra Evans, 1955
Piruna cingo Evans, 1955; , TL: Mexico, Guerrero
= Piruna aea (Dyar, 1912); Warren, 2000
= ; [NL4A, #1275a]
cingo sombra Evans, 1955; , TL: Guatemala
= ; [NL4A, #1275a]
Piruna cingo, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Piruna aea aea ; [NL4A, #1275a]
P. a. mexicana Freeman, 1979
Mexico Piruna mexicana Freeman, 1979; Bull. Allyn Mus. 52: (1-13), TL: 9 miles E of Querétaro, Querétaro, Mexico
Piruna aea mexicana, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna aea mexicana, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna aea mexicana ; [NL4A, #1275b]

Piruna ajijiciensis Freeman, 1970
Mexico. See [About maps] Piruna ajijiciensis Freeman, 1970; , TL: Mexico(Jalisco)
Piruna ajijiciensis ; [NL4A, #1276]

Piruna ceracates (Hewitson, 1874)
Mexico. See [About maps] Cyclopides ceracates Hewitson, 1874; Ill. exot. Butts [5] (Cyclopides): [119], pl. [60], f. 6-7, TL: Mexico
Piruna ceracates, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna ceracates, Butterflies of America [BOA]
caracates ; Kirby, 1877, (missp.)
Butleria ceracates ; Godman & Salvin, [1900], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 464
Piruna ceracates ; [NL4A, #1278]

Piruna dampfi (Bell, 1942)
Mexico. See [About maps] Dalla dampfi Bell, 1942; , TL: Mexico(Guerrero)
Piruna dampfi ; [NL4A, #1280]

Piruna gyrans (Plötz, 1884)
Mexico. See [About maps] Cyclopides gyrans Plötz, 1884; Stettin. ent. Ztg 45 (11-12): , TL: Mexico
Achlyodes? anomala Mabille, 1889; Le Naturaliste 11 / (2) 3 : 239, TL: Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #1281]
Butleria leucospila Godman, [1900]; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 3: pl. 92, f. 4-6 (unavail.), TL: Mexico, Guerrero; Jalisco
= ; [NL4A, #1281]
Piruna sticta Evans, 1955; , TL: Mexico(Jalisco)
= ; [NL4A, #1281]
Piruna gyrans, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna gyrans, Butterflies of America [BOA]
gygrans ; Draudt, 1923, (missp.)
Butleria anomala ; Godman & Salvin, [1900], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 464
Piruna gyrans ; [BOW: pl. 85, f. 12]; [NL4A, #1281]

Piruna jonka Steinhauser, 1991
Mexico. See [About maps] Piruna jonka Steinhauser, 1991; , TL: Mexico, Oaxaca
Piruna jonka ; [NL4A, #1283]

Piruna maculata Freeman, 1970
Mexico. See [About maps] Piruna maculata Freeman, 1970; J. New York Ent. Soc. 78: (88-99), TL: Durango - Villa Unión Hwy, Rte 40, 6500', Sinaloa, Mexico
Piruna maculata ; [NL4A, #1285]

Piruna microsticta (Godman, [1900])
SW.Mexico. See [About maps] Small-spotted Skipperling
Butleria microsticta Godman, [1900]; in Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 464, 3: pl. 92, f. 1-3, TL: Mexico, Guerrero
Piruna ajijiciensis Freeman, 1970; J. New York Ent. Soc. 78: (88-99), TL: Ajijic, Jalisco, Mexico
Piruna microsticta, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna microsticta, Butterflies of America [BOA]
macrosticta ; Smith et al., 1903, (missp.)
microstita ; Okano, 1981, (missp.)
microstica ; Bridges, 1988, (missp.)
Piruna microsticta ; [NL4A, #1286]

Piruna millerorum Steinhauser, 1991
Mexico. See [About maps] Piruna millerorum Steinhauser, 1991; , TL: Mexico(Sinaloa)
Piruna millerorum, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna millerorum, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna millerorum ; [NL4A, #1287]

Piruna mullinsi Freeman, 1991
Mexico (Oaxaca). See [About maps] Piruna mullinsi Freeman, 1991; J. Lep. Soc. 45 (1): 42, f. 1-3, TL: Mexico, Oaxaca, 8km N of Oaxaca, Hwy 175, ca. 1800m
Piruna mullinsi, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna mullinsi, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna mullinsi ; [NL4A, #1288]

Piruna penaea (Dyar, 1918)
Mexico. See [About maps] Small-spotted Skipperling
Butleria penaea Dyar, 1918; Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 54 (2239) : 338, TL: Siera de Guerrero, Mexico
Piruna milpa Freeman, 1970; J. New York Ent. Soc. 78: (88-99), TL: Milpillas, Guerrero, Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #1289]
Piruna penaea, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna penaea, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna penaea, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Piruna penaea ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1289]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Piruna microstictus; [NACL, #3985]

Piruna polingii (Barnes, 1900)
Arizona, New Mexico, Mexico. See [About maps] Four-spotted Skipperling Spotted Skipperling
Pyrgus polingii Barnes, 1900; Can. Ent. 32 (2) : 44, TL: USA(Arizona)
Piruna polingii, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna polingii, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna polingii, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Piruna polingi, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Hesperia polingii ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 62
polingi ; Barnes & McDunnough, 1917, (missp.)
Piruna polingi ;
Piruna polingii ; [NACL, #3984]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1291]

Piruna purepecha Warren & González, 1999
Mexico. See [About maps] Piruna purepecha Warren & González, 1999; , TL: Mexico(Michoacán)
Piruna purepecha, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna purepecha, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna purepecha ; [NL4A, #1292]

Piruna roeveri (Miller & Miller, 1972)
Mexico. See [About maps] Dalla roeveri Miller & Miller, 1972; , TL: Mexico(Morelos)
Piruna roeveri, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna roeveri, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna roeveri ; [NL4A, #1293]

Piruna sina Freeman, 1970
Mexico. See [About maps] Piruna sina Freeman, 1970; J. New York Ent. Soc. 78: (88-99), TL: Durango - Villa Unión Hwy, Rte. 40, 6500', Sinaloa, Mexico
Piruna sina, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna sina, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna sina ; [NL4A, #1294]

The "brunnea" species-group

Piruna brunnea (Scudder, 1872)
Mexico, Guatemala. See [About maps] Ancyloxypha brunnea Scudder, 1872; 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 74, TL: Guatemala
Butleria brunnea ; Godman & Salvin, [1900], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 465
Piruna brunnea ; [NL4A, #1277]

Piruna cyclosticta (Dyar, 1920)
Mexico. See [About maps] Butleria cyclosticta Dyar, 1920; , TL: Mexico(Distrito Federal)
Piruna cyclosticta ; [NL4A, #1279]

Piruna pirus (Edwards, 1878)
Rocky Mountains. See [About maps] Russet Skipperling
Pholisora pirus Edwards, 1878; Field & Forest 3: 119, TL: USA(Colorado)
var. semicaeca (Mabille & Boullet, 1917) (Pholisora); , TL: USA(Utah)
= ; [NL4A, #1290]
Piruna pirus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Piruna pirus, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
piurus ; Okano, 1981, (missp.)
Pholisora pirus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 59
Piruna pirus ; [NACL, #3983]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1290]

Piruna kemneri Freeman, 1990
Mexico (Oaxaca). See [About maps] Piruna kemneri Freeman, 1990; J. Lep. Soc. 44 (1): 28, f. 1-3, TL: Mexico, Oaxaca, 5 miles N of Oaxaca, Hwy. 175, ca. 1800m
Piruna kemneri, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna kemneri, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna kemneri ; [NL4A, #1284]

Piruna haferniki Freeman, 1970
Texas, Mexico. See [About maps] Chisos Skipperling
Piruna haferniki Freeman, 1970; J. Lep. Soc. 24 (4): (247-249), TL: Green Gulch, Big Bend National Park, Brewster Co., Texas
Piruna haferniki, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Piruna haferniki, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Piruna haferniki, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Piruna haferniki ; [NACL, #3986]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1282]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Piruna inimica Stafford & Opler, 1993; (nom. nud.), TL: Mexico(Nuevo León)
inimica ; [NL4A, 60]


24.12.2011 (20)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.


Some related literature:
Barnes, 1900
New species and varietes of North American Lepidoptera Can. Ent. 32 (2) : 42-48
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Dyar, 1918
Descriptions of new Lepidoptera from Mexico Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 54 (2239) : 335-372
Edwards, 1878
Descriptions of new species of North American Lepidoptera Field & Forest 3: 115-119, 142-144
Evans, 1955
A Catalogue of the American Hesperiidae, indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum. Part IV. Hesperiinae and Megathyminae Cat. amer. Hesp. Brit. Mus. 4: 499pp, pls. 54-88
Freeman, 1970
A new genus and eight new species of Mexican Hesperiidae J. New York Ent. Soc. 78: 88-99
Freeman, 1970
A new species of Piruna from Texas J. Lep. Soc. 24 (4): 247-249
Freeman, 1979
Nine new species and seven new records of Mexican Hesperiidae Bull. Allyn Mus. 52: 1-13
Freeman, 1990
A new species of Piruna from Mexico J. Lep. Soc. 44 (1): 28-31
Freeman, 1991
A new species of Piruna from Mexico J. Lep. Soc. 45 (1): 42-45
Godman & Salvin, [1900]; Godman in Godman & Salvin, [1900]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Hewitson, 1874
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [5] : (Systematic Index) V, (Anteros): [1-2], pl. [1] (1867), (Erycina & Necyria): [3-4], pl. [2] (1870), (Erycina Symmachia &c): [5-6], pl. [3] (1875), (Necyria & Esthemopsis): [7-8], pl. [4] (1872), (Calydna): [9-10], pl. [5] (1854), (Calydna II): [11-12], pl. [6] (1859), (Theope): [13-14], pl. [7] (1860), (Symmachia): [15-16], pl. [8] (1867), (Symmachia & Charis II): [17-18], pl. [9] (1871), (Charis): [19-20], pl. [10] (1866), (Emesis): [21-22], pl. [11] (1872), (Nymphidium I): [23-24], pl. [12] (1853), (Nymphidium II-III): [25-28], pl. [13-14] (1865), (Nymphidium IV): [29-30], pl. [15] (1871), (Lemonias I): [31-32], pl. [16] (1853), (Lemonias II): [33-34], pl. [17] (1858), (Lemonias III-IV): [35-38], pl. [18-19] (1863), (Lemonias V): [39-40], pl. [20] (1872), (Lemonias & Baeotis): [41-42], pl. [21] (1875), (Lemonias & Baeotis): [43-44], pl. [22] (1874), (Pachythone & Cremna): [45-46], pl. [23] (1873), (Hades, Uraneis, &c): [47-48], pl. [24] (1870), (Limnas I-II): [49-52], pl. [25-26] (1853), (Limnas & Panara): [53-54], pl. [27] (1875), (Limnas &c): [55-56], pl. [28] (1876), (Limnas & Ithomeis): [57-58], pl. [29] (1870), (Chamaelimnas & Ithomiola): [59-60], pl. [30] (1871), (Hermathena &c): [61-62], pl. [31] (1875), (Ogyris): [63-64], pl. [32] (1853), (Pentila & Liptena): [65-66], pl. [33] (1866), (Pentila & Liptena II): [67-68], pl. [34] (1873), (Lycaena): [69-70], pl. [35] (1876), (Pyrrhopyga I-II): [71-74], pl. [36-37] (1857), (Pyrrhopyga): [75-76], pl. [38] (1869), (Pyrrhopyga II-III): [77-80], pl. [39-40] (1871), (Pyrrhopyga IV): [81-82], pl. [41] (1873), (Pyrrhopyga V & Erycides): [83-84], pl. [42] (1875), (Ismene I-II): [85-88], pl. [43-44] (1867), (Eudamus): [89-90], pl. [45] (1873), (Eudamus II-III): [91-94], pl. [46-47] (1875), (Chaetocneme): [95-96], pl. [48] (1874), (Hesperia I-II): [97-100], pl. [49-50] (1867), (Hesperia III): [101-102], pl. [51] (1868), (Hesperia IV): [103-104], pl. [52] (1869), (Hesperia V): [105-106], pl. [53] (1872), (Hesperia V*-VI): [107-110], pl. [54-55] (1873), (Hesperia VII): [111-112], pl. [56] (1876), (Leucochitonea): [113-114], pl. [57] (1869), (Leucochitonea II): [115-116], pl. [58] (1875), (Pterygospidea): [117-118], pl. [59] (1873), (Cyclopides): [119-120], pl. [60] (1874), (Cyclopides & Hesperilla): [121-122], pl. [61] (1874)
Mabille, 1889
Diagnoses de Lépidoptčres nouveaux Le Naturaliste 11 / (2) 3 : 25,59,67-68,99,127,133-134,144-145,173-174,216-217,239
Plötz, 1884
Die Gattung Cyclopides Hübn., und ihre Arten Stettin. ent. Ztg 45 (11-12) : 389-397
Scudder, 1872
A systematic Revision of some of the American Butterflies; with brief notes on those known to occur in Essex County, Mass. 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 24-83


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.