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Taractrocera Butler, [1870]
Grass Darts
Taractrocera Butler, [1870]; Cat. diurn. Lep. Fabricius: 279, TS: Hesperia maevius Fabricius
Bibla Mabille, 1904; in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 17 (B): 113, 122, TS: Hesperia papyria Boisduval
Taractrocera (Hesperiidae) ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 172
Taractrocera (Hesperiinae) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 71

Taractrocera ardonia (Hewitson, 1868)
Malaya, Borneo, Celebes. See [About maps] Ancyloxipha ardonia Hewitson, 1868; Descr. One Hundred new Spec. Hesp. (2): 45
Taractrocera ardonia ; [BOW: pl. 189, f. 4, 5]; [BMP: 379, pl. 59, f. 1]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 71
Sulawesi, Sangihe, Salayar Taractrocera ardonia ardonia ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 71
T. a. lamia Evans, 1934
Taractrocera sumatrensis Evans, 1949

Taractrocera tilda Evans, 1934
tilda Evans, 1934; Entomologist 67 (7): 149

Taractrocera archias (Felder, 1860)
Malaya, Philippines. See [About maps] Pamphila archias Felder, 1860; Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40 (11): 462, TL: Amboina
Thymelicus ziclea Plötz, 1884; Stett. ent. Ztg 45 (7-9) : 289
= ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 260
Hesperia dschaka Plötz, 1885; 227, TL: Java, Batavia
= ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 261
?Taractrocera talantus turica Seitz, 1927; 1076, TL: java
= ?; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 261
= ?Taractrocera nigrolimbata ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 263
Taractrocera ziclea aurea Evans, 1932; 398 (nom. nud.)
= ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 261
Taractrocera ziclea ikramana Fruhstorfer, 1910; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (5): 94, TL: E.Java
= ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 261
Taractrocera archias ; [BOW: pl. 189, f. 3]; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 260
Taractrocera archias archias ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 262
T. a. bavius Mabille, 1891
Taractrocera bavius Mabille, 1891; clxxxiv, TL: Timor
Taractrocera archias bavius ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 263
T. a. quinta Swinhoe, [1912]
Burma Taractrocera quinta Swinhoe, [1912]; in Moore, Lepidoptera Indica 10 : 122, TL: Burma
Taractrocera archias quinta ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 261; [BMP: pl. 59, f. 3-4]
T. a. kisaga Fruhstorfer, 1910
Lombok Taractrocera archias kisaga Fruhstorfer, 1910; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (5): 95, TL: Lombok
Taractrocera archias kisaga ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 262
T. a. samadha Fruhstorfer, 1910
Burma Taractrocera ziclea samadha Fruhstorfer, 1910; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (5): 94, TL: Burma, Thayetmyo
Taractrocera archias samadha ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 261

Taractrocera nigrolimbata (Snellen, 1876)
-. See [About maps] Thymelicus nigrolimbata Snellen, 1876; 165, pl. 7, f. 5, TL: Java
Hesperia aliena Plötz, 1883; Stett. ent. Ztg 44 (4-6): 228, TL: Java
= ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 263
Thymelicus myconius Plötz, 1885; 230, TL: Sulawesi
= ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 263
Taractrocera archias godhania Fruhstorfer, 1910; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (5): 95, TL: Sumba
= ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 263
Taractrocera nigrolimbata ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 263; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 72
Taractrocera aliena aliena ; [BMP: 379, pl. 61, f. 16]
Taractrocera nigrolimbata nigrolimbata ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 263
T. n. talanta (Plötz, 1885)
Sulawesi Thymelicus talantus Plötz, 1885; 230, TL: Sulawesi, Bonthain
Taractrocera nigrolimbata talanta ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 264
Taractrocera nigrolimbata talantus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 72

Taractrocera luzonensis (Staudinger, 1889)
-. See [About maps] Pamphila luzonensis Staudinger, 1889; 145, TL: Luzon
Taractrocera luzonensis ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 259; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 71
Philippines (Luzon) Taractrocrea luzonensis luzonensis ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 259
T. l. tissara Fruhstorfer, 1910
Sumatra Taractrocera ziclea tissara Fruhstorfer, 1910; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (5): 95, TL: W.Sumatra
Taractrocera luzonenis tissara ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 260
T. l. dongala Evans, 1932
Sulawesi, Banggai, Sula Is. Taractrocera ziclea dongala Evans, 1932; 398, TL: Sulawesi, Dongala
Taractrocera luzonensis dongala ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 72
T. l. zenia Evans, 1934
Burma Taractrocera ziclea zenia Evans, 1934; Entomologist 67 (7): 149, TL: Burma, Mergui
Taractrocera luzonensis zenia ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 260
Taractrocera ziclea zenia ; [BMP: 379, pl. 59, f. 2]
T. l. stella Evans, 1934
Borneo Taractrocera ziclea stella Evans, 1934; 149, TL: Borneo
Taractrocera luzonensis stella ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 260
T. l. bessa Evans, 1949
Salayar, Tukangbesi, Tanahjampea Taractrocera ziclea bessa Evans, 1949; 361, TL: Toekan Bessi
Taractrocera luzonensis bessa ; de Jong, 1992, Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 260; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 72

Taractrocera anisomorpha (Lower, 1911)
AU. See [About maps] Bibla anisomorpha Lower, 1911
Taractrocera anisomorpha, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]

Larva on Cenchrus ciliaris K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)


Taractrocera ceramas (Hewitson, 1868)
W.Ghats - Bombay, S.India (hills), N.Burma. See [About maps] Tamil Grass Dart
ceramas ; [BIR, 475]

Taractrocera danna (Moore, 1865)
Kashmir - Bhutan. See [About maps] Himalayan Grass Dart
Pamphila danna Moore, 1865; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 508, pl. 30
Taratrocera danna ; [BIR, 475]; [BOW: pl. 189, f. 6]

Taractrocera dolon (Plötz, 1884)
AU. See [About maps] Apaustus dolon Plötz, 1884
Taractrocera diomedes Waterhouse, 1933

Larva on Sorghum verticilliflorum K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)


Taractrocera ilia Waterhouse, 1932
AU. See [About maps] Taractrocera ilia, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]

Taractrocera ina Waterhouse, 1932
AU. See [About maps] Taractrocera iola Waterhouse, 1933
Taractrocera ina, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]

Larva on Brachiaria decumbens, Cymbopogon citratus, Oryza sativa, Paspalum conjugatum, P. dilatatum, P. urvillei, Sorghum verticilliflorum, S. spp., (Unidentified grasses) K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)


Taractrocera maevius (Fabricius, 1793)
India, Ceylon, Burma. See [About maps] Common Grass Dart
Hesperia maevius Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 352, TL: "India" [Tranquebar]
Hesperia flaccus Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 434
= ; [NHM]
Taractrocera lineata Druce, 1874; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (1) : 109, pl. 16, f. 7, TL: Nahconchaisee
= ; [NHM]
Taractrocera maevius ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 172, pl. 70, f. 5; [BIR, 475]; [BOW: pl. 189, f. 7]
T. m. sagara (Moore, [1866])
maevius sagara (Moore, [1866]); , TL: Darjeeling, India
= Taractrocera maevius maevius (Fabricius, 1793); [Torben B. Larsen]
Taractrocera sagara ;

Taractrocera flavoides Leech, 1893
W.China. See [About maps] Taractrocera flavoides ; [BOW: pl. 208, f. 37]; [MRS, 744]

Taractrocera papyria (Boisduval, [1832])
Australia, Tasmania. See [About maps] Hesperia papyria Boisduval, [1832]; in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 166
Taractrocera celaeno Cox, 1873
Hesperilla fumosa Guest, 1882
Apautus alix Plötz, 1884
Ancyloxipha agraulia Hewitson, 1868
Apaustus minimus Miskin, 1889
Taractrocera papyria, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Taratrocera papyria ; [BOW: pl. 189, f. 8]

Larva on Cynodon dactylon, Danthonia sp., Echinopogon caespitosus, Imperata sp., Microlaena stipoides, Oryza sativa, Paspalum dilatatum, Pennisetum clandestinum, Phragmites australis, Poa spp., Carex gaudichaudiana K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)



Unknown or unplaced taxa

Taractrocera kamia Evans, 1934; Entomologist 67 (7): 148


1.7.2012 (14)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[NBC]
Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis; NBC naturalis
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index


Some related literature:
Boisduval, [1832]
Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829, sous le commandément de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. Lépidoptčres in d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe (Faune ent. Pacif.) 1 : 1-267, pl. 1-5
Butler, [1870]
Catalogue of diurnal Lepidoptera described by Fabricius in the Collection of the British Museum Cat. diurn. Lep. Fabricius: (1869) 303pp, 3pls
Druce, 1874
A List of the Lepidopterous Insects collected by Mr. L. Layard at Chentaboon and Nahconchaisee, Siam, with Descriptions of new Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (1) : 102-109, pl. 16
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Evans, 1934
Indo-Australian Hesperiidae: Description of new Genera, Species and Subspecies Entomologist 67 (2): 33-36 (part 1), (3): 61-65 (part 2), (7): 141-151 (part 3), (8): 181-184 (part 4), (9): 206-209 (part 5), (10): 231-234 (part 6)
Felder, 1860
Lepidopterorum Amboienensium species novae diagnosibus Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40 (11): 448-462
Fruhstorfer, 1910
Neue Hesperiden des Indo-Malayischen Faunengebietes und Besprechung verwandter Formen Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (3): 58 (1 March), (4): 59-74 (1 April), (5): 75-104 (1 May)
Hewitson, 1868
Descriptions of one Hundred new Species of Hesperidae. (2) Descr. One Hundred new Spec. Hesp. (2): [2] + pp. 25 (from sp. 7 hypaepa)-56
de Jong, 1992
A note on three species of Taractrocera Butler (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) Zool. Meded. Leiden 65 (19): 257-265 [1991]
Mabille, 1904
Genera Insectorum. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera. Fam. Hesperidae in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 17 (A): 1-78 (1903), (B): 79-142 (1904), (C): 143-182 (1904), (D): 183-210 (1904)
Moore, 1865
List of diurnal Lepidoptera collected by Capt. A.M. Lang in the N. W. Himalayas Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 486-509, pl. 30-31
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Plötz, 1883
Die Hesperiinen -- Gattung Hesperia Aut. und ihre Arten. (3) & (4) Stett. ent. Ztg 44 (1-3): 26-64, (4-6): 195-233
Plötz, 1884
Die Hesperiinen-Gattung Thymelicus Hüb. und ihre Arten Stett. ent. Ztg 45 (7-9) : 284-290
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.