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Pelopidas Walker, 1870
Millet Skippers
Pelopidas Walker, 1870; Entomologist 5 (76): 56, TS: Pelopidas midea Walker
Chapra (Hesperiidae)Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 169, TS: Hesperia mathias Fabricius
Pelopidas (Hesperiinae) ; [BK, 431]; [AfrL]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 77


[sp-1a.jpg] 600x400 (~31Kb) India: Melghat, 6.10.2008, Photo © Kedar Tokekar [sp-1b.jpg] 600x400 (~33Kb) India: Melghat, 6.10.2008, Photo © Kedar Tokekar [sp-2v.jpg] 600x400 (~39Kb) underside India: Melghat, 7.10.2008, Photo © Kedar Tokekar

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



Pelopidas mathias (Fabricius, 1798)
Tropical Africa, Arabia, India, Ceylon, Burma, Madagascar. See [About maps] Small Branded Swift Lesser Millet Skipper Black Branded Swift
Hesperia mathias Fabricius, 1798; Ent. Syst. (Suppl.): 433, no. 289-90, TL: Tranquebar, S.India
Hesperia julianus Latreille, [1824]; in Godart, Ency. méth. 9 (2) : 763
= ; [NHM]
chaya (Moore, [1866]) (Hesperia); Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 791
= ; [NHM]
Pamphila umbrata Butler, 1879; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 191, TL: Johanna I.
= ; [NHM]
Chapra mathias ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 169, pl. 70, f. 1, 1a; de Nicéville, 1889, J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 4 (3) : 176, pl. B, f. 7
Baoris mathias ; [BIR, 486]
Pelopidas mathias ; [BOW: pl. 188, f. 11]; [MRS, 729]; [BK: 431, pl. 64, f. 854]; [MadL]; [AfrL]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 77

Larva on Ehrharta erecta [PBSA], Andropogon, Cymbopogon, Digitaria, Dinochloa, Imperata, Miscanthus, Oryza, Paspalum, Saccharum, Sorghum, Zea Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 77

Africa, Sri Lanka, India, Indo-China, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Is., Borneo, Palawan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Banggai, Tanahjampea, Kalao Pelopidas mathias mathias ; [BMP: 387, pl. 60, f. 9-10]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 77

Larva on Oryza sativa, Imperata cylindrica, Saccharum officinarum, Cymbopogon nardus [BMP]

Pelopidas mathias oberthueri ; [MRS, 729]
[oberthueri-1.jpg] 725x596 (~117Kb) "Dragonfly Kingdom", Nakamura, Kochi-ken, Shikoku-chiho, Japan. 9th August 2002, Photo © Oleg Kosterin [oberthueri-3.jpg] 617x536 (~119Kb) The Seosicheum River bank, Gurye County, Jeonnam Province, S Korea, 28th July 2002, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Miscanthus sinensis, M. floridulum, Brachiaria mutica, Imperata cylindrica, Paspalum conjugatum [MRS]


P. m. repetita (Butler, 1882)
Admiraly I., Dampier I., Vulcan I. Pamphila repetita Butler, 1882; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 10 (56): 155, TL: Duke-of-York I.
Parnara parvimacula Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (3): 399, TL: Dampier Island

Pelopidas thrax (Hübner, [1821])
Tropical Africa - India. See [About maps] Millet Skipper White Branded Swift
Gegenes thrax Hübner, [1821]; Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. [150]
Pelopidas midea Walker, 1870; Entomologist 5 (76): 56
Pelopidas thrax ; [AfrL]; [Otakar Kudrna]
P. t. inconspicua (Bertolini, 1850)
South Africa - Kenya, ? Hesperia inconspicua Bertolini, 1850; Atti. Accad. Sci. 1st Bologna Memorie 2: 179
Pamphila mohopaani Wallengren
Pelopidas thrax inconspicua ; [BK: 432, pl. 64, f. 855]

Larva on Imperata arundinacea, Ehrharta erecta [PBSA], Oryza, Imperata [BK]

P. t. masta Evans, 1949

 

Pelopidas assamensis (de Nicéville, 1882)
Madhya Pradesh, Ganjam, Kasauli - Assam, Burma, Malaya. See [About maps] Great Swift
Parnara assamensis de Nicéville, 1882; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 51 Pt.II (2-3) : 65, TL: Sikkim
Baoris assamensis ; [BIR, 485]
Pelopidas assamensis ; [BOW: pl. 188, f. 9]; [BMP: 388, pl. 58, f. 28]; [MRS, 729]

Pelopidas conjuncta (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)
Peninsular India, Dun - Assam, Burma, Malaya, Philippines. See [About maps] Conjoined Swift
Goniloba conjuncta Herrich-Schäffer, 1869; CorrespBl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 23 (12): 195, no. 45
Baoris conjuncta ; [BIR, 485]
Pelopidas conjuncta ; [BOW: pl. 188, f. 10]; [MRS, 729]
Pelopidas conjunctus ;
N.Vietnam, Laos, Thailand Pelopidas conjunctus conjunctus ; [BMP: 388, pl. 58, f. 27]

Larva on Zea mays, Saccharum officinarum, Andropogon, Bambusa [BMP]

P. c. narooa (Moore, 1878)
Bombay, Ceylon Hesperia narooa Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 687, pl. 45, f. 4, TL: Bombay; Ceylon
Parnara narooa ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 167, pl. 69, f. 3a-b

Pelopidas jansonis (Butler, 1878)
Japan. See [About maps] Pelopidas jansonis ; [BOW: pl. 208, f. 24]
Pelopides[sic] jansonis ; [MRS, 729]

Pelopidas sinensis (Mabille, 1877)
Ceylon, Palnis, Nilgiris, Coorg, N.Kanara, Kangra - Assam, S.Shan States, Bengal. See [About maps] Chinese Swift Large Branded Swift
Gegenes sinensis Mabille, 1877; Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 2 (3) : 232, TL: Shangai, China
prominens (Moore, 1882) (Chapra[?]); Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 261
Pamphila similis Leech, 1890; Entomologist 23 : 48, TL: Chang Yang
Baoris sinensis ; [BIR, 485]
Pelopidas sinensis ; [BOW: pl. 188, f. 12]; [MRS, 728]

Pelopidas agna (Moore, [1866])
-. See [About maps] Bengal Swift
Hesperia agna Moore, [1866]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 791, TL: Bengal
Pamphila similis Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 169 (nom. nud., Mabille MS)
Chapra mathias niasica Fruhstorfer, 1911; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 25 (4): 50, TL: Nias
= ; [NHM]
Pelopidas dingo Evans, 1949
Pelopidas agna, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Chapra agna ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 169
Pelopidas agna ; [MRS, 728]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 77

Larva on Ischaemum australe, Panicum maximum, Paspalum paniculatum, Sorghum verticilliflorum, (Unidentified grasses) K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140) Imperata, Ischaemum, Microstegium, Oryza, Paspalum, Saccharum, Sorghum Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 77

Sri Lanka, India, Indo-China, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Is., Borneo, Palawan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Talaud Is., Sangihe, Banggai, Sula, Tukangbesi Pelopidas agna agna ; [BMP: 387, pl. 60, f. 7-8]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 77
P. a. larika (Pagenstecher, 1884)
agna larika (Pagenstecher, 1884) (Pamphila); Jahrb. Nassau. Ver. Naturk. 37 : 207, TL: Amboina
Parnara conjuncta stictica Fruhstorfer, 1911; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 25 (4): 50, TL: Amboina
= ; [NHM]

Pelopidas flava (Evans, 1926)
Baoris flava Evans, 1926; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 (3): 632, no. I.115.4
Pelopidas flavus ; [BMP: 388, pl. 61, f. 33]

Pelopidas subochracea (Moore, 1878)
Large Branded Swift
Pamphila subochracea Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 691, pl. 45, f. 8, TL: Calcutta, India
Pelopidas subochracea ; [MRS, 729]
P. s. barneyi (Evans, 1937)
Pelopidas subochracea barneyi ; [MRS, 729]

Pelopidas lyelli (Rothschild, 1915)
AU. See [About maps] Parnara lyelli Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (3): 400, TL: Dampier I.
Pelopidas lyelli, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]

Larva on Oryza sativa, Paspalum dilatatum, Sorghum spp. K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)



Unknown or unplaced taxa

Pelopidas nidea Walker, 1870; Entomologist 5 (76): 56, no. 58


1.7.2012 (10)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Kedar Tokekar]
India
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978


Some related literature:
Butler, 1879
On a Collection of Lepidoptera from the Island of Johanna Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 3 (15) : 186-192
Butler, 1882
Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera, chiefly from Duke of York Island and New Britain Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 10 (55): 36-43, (56): 149-160, (57): 226-238
de Nicéville, 1882
Second List of Butterflies taken in Sikkim in October 1882, with Notes on Habits J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 51 Pt.II (2-3) : 54-66
de Nicéville, 1889
On new and little-known Butterflies from the Indian Region, with Revision of the Genus Plesioneura of Felder and of Authors J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 4 (3) : 163-194, pl. A-B
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Evans, 1926
The Identification of Indian Butterflies (9-11) J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 (1): 49-83, pl. 30, (2): 427-446, pl. 31, (3): 615-637, pl. 32
Fruhstorfer, 1911
Neue Hesperiden des Indo-Malayischen Faunengebietes und Besprechung verwandter Formen Dt. ent. Z. Iris 25 (2): 9-24 (1 February), (3): 25-40 (1 March), (4): 41-56 (1 April), (5): 57-72 (1 May), (6): 73-79, pl. 1 (1 June)
Herrich-Schäffer, 1869
Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterlinge CorrespBl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 23 (4): 56-64, (5): 67-77, (9): 130-141, (11): 163-172, (12): 184-204
Hübner, [1821]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 2 ([1819] - [1827]) Samml. exot. Schmett. 2 : pl. [90], [180], [223] (1819), : pl. [2], [12], [16], [78], [141], [182] (1820), : pl. [11], [13], [24], [77], [83], [97], [102-103], [108-109], [116-117], [122], [147], [150], [164], [183], [195], [197], [212-214] (1821), : pl. [14], [18-19], [26], [38-39], [43], [68], [70-71], [74], [84], [86], [92], [94-95], [106], [114], [121], [161], [169], [174], [177-178], [184], [194], [200], [204-205], [207-208], [210] (1821), : pl. [33], [72], [76], [115], [131], [138-139], [153], [198], [211], [218], [220] (1822), : pl. [32], [75], [81], [93], [105], [129] (1822), : pl. [1], [6], [22-23], [25], [27], [29-31], [34-37], [40-42], [48], [50-53], [56], [58-59], [64-66], [69], [73], [87], [89], [91], [96], [98-101], [110], [124], [128], [130], [132-137], [142], [155-158], [160], [162-163], [165-167], [170-173], [175-176], [187-188], [196], [199], [201-202], [206], [215-216], [219], [222], [224] (1823), : pl. [54], [118], [143], [149], [159] [179], [181], [185], [203], [217] (1824), : pl. [3-5], [8-10], [15], [20], [45], [49], [55], [60], [62-63], [67], [79-80], [88], [104], [111-113], [120], [125], [127], [140], [144-146], [148], [151-152], [154], [168], [189-193], [221], [225] (1825), : pl. [7], [17], [21], [28], [44], [46-47], [57], [61], [82], [123], [126] (1826), : pl. [85], [119], [186], [209] (1827), : (Index Systematicus) [1-4] (1827-1832)
Latreille, [1824]
Encylopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle. Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes in Godart, Ency. méth. 9 (2) : 329-828
Leech, 1890
New species of Lepidoptera from China Entomologist 23 : 26-50, 81-83, : 109-114, : 187-192, pl. 1
Mabille, 1877
Catalogue des Lépidoptères du Congo. [1] Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 2 (3) : 214-240
Moore, [1866]
On the Lepidopterous Insects of Bengal Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 755-823, pl. 41-43
Moore, 1878
Descriptions of new Asiatic Hesperidae Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 686-695, pl. 45
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Moore, 1882
List of the Lepidoptera collected by the Rev. J.H. Hocking, chiefly in the Kangra Discrict, N.W Hiamalaya; with Descriptions of new Genera and Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882 (1) : 234-263, pl. 11-12
Pagenstecher, 1884
Beiträge zur Lepidopteren-Fauna von Amboina Jahrb. Nassau. Ver. Naturk. 37 : 149-326
Rothschild, 1915
On the Lepidoptera in the Tring Museum sent by Mr. A. S. Meek from the Admiralty Islands, Dampier and Vulcan Islands Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192-208, (3): 387-402
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Walker, 1870
A list of the Butterflies collected by J.K. Lord Esq. in Egypt, along the African shore of the Red Sea, and in Arabia; with descriptions of the Species new to Science Entomologist 5 (76): 48-57, (80-81): 123-134, (82): 151-155


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.