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Parnara Moore, [1881]
Parnara (Hesperiidae)Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 166, TS: Eudamus guttatus Bremer & Grey
Baorynnis Waterhouse, 1932; Austral. Zool. 7 (3) : 201, TS: Pamphila amalia Semper
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 179
Parnara (Hesperiinae) ; [BK, 435]; [AfrL]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 75

Larva on Ozyra sativa, Saccharum officinarum, Zea mays, Bambusa, Colocasia esculenta [BMP]


Parnara guttatus (Bremer & Grey, [1852])
Ceylon, India, Burma, N.China - Himalayas, Afghanistan - Pakistan, Japan, Indonesia. See [About maps] Straight Swift
Eudamus guttatus Bremer & Grey, [1852]; in Motschulsky, Etud. Ent. 1: 60, TL: Beijing, China
Eudamus guttatus Bremer & Grey, 1853; Schmett. N. China: 10, [pl. 3, f. 2]
Parnara guttatus ; [BRU, 132]; [BOW: pl. 188, f. 6]
Parnara guttata ; [MRS, 727]; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181, f. 13
[guttatus-1u.jpg] 800x1041 (~90Kb) upperside Japan: Lake Kawaguchiko, Yamanashi Prefecture, 23.8.2007, Photo ę Peter Payzant [guttatus-1v.jpg] 640x832 (~115Kb) underside Japan: Lake Kawaguchiko, Yamanashi Prefecture, 23.8.2007, Photo ę Peter Payzant [guttatus-2u.jpg] 700x1058 (~88Kb) upperside Japan: Tokyo, 1.9.2007, Photo ę Peter Payzant

Larva on (grasses, rice) [BRU]


N.China - Japan Hesperia fortunei Felder, 1862; 489, TL: Shanghai
= Parnara guttata guttata ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181
Hesperia dalima Pl÷tz, 1883; Stett. ent. Ztg 44 (1-3): 44, TL: "Brazilien"
= Parnara guttata guttata ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181
Parnara kotoshona Sonan, 1936; 214, TL: Formosa
= Parnara guttata guttata ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181
Parnara guttata guttata ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181
P. g. mangala (Moore, [1865])
S.China, W.China - Himalayas, Afghanistan, Pakistan Pamphila mangala Moore, [1865]; 792, TL: N.India
Pamphila philino M÷schler, 1878; 220, TL: Formosa
= Parnara guttata mangala ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181
Hesperia kolantus Pl÷tz, 1885; Berl. ent. Z. 29 (2) : 227, TL: Inida
= Parnara guttata mangala ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181
Pamphila ormuzd Grum-Grshimailo, 1888; Horae Soc. ent. Ross. 22 (3-4) : 307, TL: Kabadian
= Parnara guttata mangala ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181
Parnara guttata ormuzd ;
Parnara guttata mangala ; [MRS, 727]; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181

Parnara batta Evans, 1949
SE.China (Fukien, ...). See [About maps] Parnara guttatus batta Evans, 1949; Cat. Hesp. Europe Asia Australia Brit. Mus. : 433, TL: Fukien
= Parnara guttata guttata ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 181
Parnara batta ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii, 2002, Atalanta 33 (1/2): 150, pl. Va, f. 9-10

Parnara ogasawarensis Matsumura, 1906
Bonin Is. Parnara ogasawarensis Matsumura, 1906; Annot. Zool. Jap. 6 (1) : 13, pl. 1, f. 4, TL: Bonin Is.
Parnara guttata ogasawarensis ; Evans, 1949
Parnara ogasawarensis ; Shir˘zu, 1953; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 182, f. 14

Parnara apostata (Snellen, [1880])
-. See [About maps] Pamphila apostata Snellen, [1880]; Midden-Sumatra, 4 (8) : 27, TL: Borneo, Sarawak
Parnara apostata ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 182
Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, S.Burma, Java, Bali Hesperia haga Pl÷tz, 1886; Stettin ent. Ztg 47 (1-3) : 96, TL: Java
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 182
Hesperia sifa Pl÷tz, 1886; Stettin ent. Ztg 47 (1-3) : 96, TL: Java
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 182
Parnara apostata apostata ; [BMP: 385, pl. 60, f. 3-4]; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 182, f. 1-3, 15-16
P. a. andra Evans, 1949
Borneo Parnara guttatus andra Evans, 1949; Cat. Hesp. Europe Asia Australia Brit. Mus. : 434, TL: Borneo, Sarawak
Parnara apostata andra ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 182, f. 7, 17
P. a. debdasi Chiba & Eliot, 1991
Nepal Parnara apostata debdasi Chiba & Eliot, 1991; Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 183, f. 4-6, 18, TL: Nepal, Kaski District, Pothana
P. a. hulsei Devyatkin & Monastyrskii, 1999
S.Yunnan, ... Parnara apostata hulsei ; Huang & Xue, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 57: 146 (name)

Parnara kawazoei Chiba & Eliot, 1991
Philippines (Luzon), Borneo, Sulawesi. See [About maps] Parnara kawazoei Chiba & Eliot, 1991; Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 183, f. 8-11, 19, 20, TL: Philippines, Luzon
Parnara kawazoei ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 76

Parnara ganga Evans, 1937
S.India - Vietnam - S.China, Malay Peninsula. See [About maps] Continental Swift
Parnara ganga Evans, 1937; Entomologist 70 (4): 83, TL: Manipur
Parnara ganga ; [MRS, 728]; [BMP: 386, pl. 60, f. 5]; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186, f. 21

Parnara bada (Moore, 1878)
Vietnam. See [About maps] Ceylon Swift
Hesperia bada Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 688, TL: Ceylon
Parnara bada, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Parnara bada ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 167, pl. 70, f. 2, 2a; [BMP: 385, pl. 60, f. 1-2]; [MRS, 728]; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186, f. 21; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 76
Parnara naso bada ;
[bada-1v.jpg] 602x729 (~57Kb) underside Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, a small wood at a grassy swamp at the Jomtien beach, between B.O. Guesthouse and Jomtien Metro Condotel, 2nd January, 2006, Photo ę Oleg Kosterin

Larva on Apluda, Bambusa, Leersia, Miscanthus, Oryza, Saccharum, Zea Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 76


Sri Lanka, India, China, Indo-China, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Is., Borneo, Palawan, Philippines, Sulawesi Hesperia quinigera Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 703, TL: Hainan
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186
Gegenes hainanus Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 703, TL: Hainan
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186
Hesperia intermedia Pl÷tz, 1883; Stett. ent. Ztg 44 (1-3): 44, TL: Java
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186
Hesperia daendali Pl÷tz, 1885; 226, TL: Batavia
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186
Hesperia nondoa Pl÷tz, 1886; Stettin ent. Ztg 47 (1-3) : 97, TL: Manila
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186
Baoris distictus Holland, 1887; Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 14 : 123, TL: Hainan
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186
Baoris (Parnara) philotas de NicÚville, 1895; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 9 (4): 402, (3): pl. Q, f. 60, TL: North Kanara; Trevandrum, S.India
= ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186
Parnara bada bada ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 76
P. b. sida (Waterhouse, 1934)
N.Queensland Baoris sida Waterhouse, 1934; 415, TL: N.Queensland
Parnara naso sida ;
Parnara bada sida ; Chiba & Eliot, 1991, Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 186
P. b. borneana Chiba & Eliot, 1991
Borneo (Sabah) Parnara bada borneana Chiba & Eliot, 1991; Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 187, TL: Sabah, Mt Marapok

 

Parnara naso (Fabricius, 1798)
Africa. See [About maps] Hesperia naso Fabricius, 1798; Ent. Syst. (Suppl.): 431, no. 236-7
Hesperia marchalii Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, LÚpid. : 66
Parnara marchalii ; Evans, 1937, Cat. African Hesp. Brit. Mus.: -
Parnara naso ; [AfrL]

Larva on Oryza sativa K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)

Parnara naso naso ; [AfrL]
P. n. poutieri (Boisduval, 1833)
Madagascar Hesperia poutieri Boisduval, 1833; Faun. ent. Madagascar, LÚpid. : 65
Parnara poutieri ; Evans, 1937, Cat. African Hesp. Brit. Mus.: -
Parnara naso poutieri ; [MadL]; [AfrL]
P. n. bigutta Evans, 1937
Parnara naso bigutta ; [AfrL]

Parnara monasi (Trimen, 1889)
Natal, Transvaal, Mošambique. See [About maps] Water Watchman
Pamphila monasi Trimen, 1889; South-African Butts 3 : 317
Parnara anelia Bethune-Baker, 1908; Ann. Mag. nat. hist. (8) 2 (12) : 480, TL: Mawamba-Makala
= ; [NHM]
Parnara monazi[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 130, f. 9]
Parnara monasi ; Evans, 1937, Cat. African Hesp. Brit. Mus.: -
Parnara naso monasi ; [BK: 436, pl. 64, f. 868]
Parnara monasi ; [AfrL]

Larva on Saccharum [BK]


Parnara amalia (Semper, [1879])
Queensland. See [About maps] Pamphila amalia Semper, [1879]; J. Mus. Godeffroy 5 (14) : 183, no. 154
Hesperilla fulgidus Miskin, 1889
Parnara amalia, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Parnara amalis[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 188, f. 5]

Larva on Leersia hexandra, Oryza sativa, O. sp. K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)



Unknown or unplaced taxa

Parnara kuwanoi ?Seok, 1937

Hesperia wambo Pl÷tz, 1886; Stettin ent. Ztg 47 (1-3) : 97, TL: Africa


17.11.2012 (10)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU]
Tuzov, Bogdanov, Devyatkin, Kaabak, Korolev, Murzin, Samodurov, Tarasov, 1997; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae; Volume 1
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Peter Payzant]
Canada; http://www.pbase.com/ppayzant/profile


Some related literature:
Bethune-Baker, 1908
Descriptions of new Rhopalocera from the Upper Congo Ann. Mag. nat. hist. (8) 2 (12) : 469-482
Boisduval, 1833
Faune Entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. LÚpidoptÚres Faun. ent. Madagascar, LÚpid. : 1-122, pl. 1-16, : (Repaged offprint from Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. nat. Paris 2 (2) : 149-270)
Bremer & Grey, [1852]
Diagnoses de LÚpidopterŔres nouveaux, trouvÚs par Mm. Tatarinoff et Gaschkewitch aux environs de Pekin in Motschulsky, Etud. Ent. 1: 58-67
Bremer & Grey, 1853
Beitrńge zur Schmetterlings-Fauna des n÷rdlichen China Schmett. N. China: 23pp, [2 pls]
Chiba & Eliot, 1991
A revision of the genus Parnara Moore (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae) with special reference to the Asian species Ty˘ to Ga 42 (3) : 179-194
de NicÚville, 1895
On new and little-known Butterflies from the Indo-Malayan Region J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 9 (3): 259-321, pl. N-Q, (4): 366-410
Devyatkin & Monastyrskii, 2002
Hesperiidae of Vietnam 12: A further contribution to the Hesperiidae fauna of North and Central Vietnam Atalanta 33 (1/2): 137-155
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Evans, 1937
Indo-Australian Hesperiidae: Description of new Genera, Species and Subspecies Entomologist 70 (1): 16-19 (part 9), (2): 38-40 (part 10), (3): 64-66 (part 11), (4): 81-83 (part 12)
Evans, 1937
A catalogue of the African Hesperiidae. British Museum Cat. African Hesp. Brit. Mus. : 1-212, pl. 1-30
Evans, 1949
A catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia and Australia in the British Museum Cat. Hesp. Europe Asia Australia Brit. Mus. : 1-502, pl. 1-53
Grum-Grshimailo, 1888
Novae species et varietates Rhopalocerum e Pamir Horae Soc. ent. Ross. 22 (3-4) : 303-307
Holland, 1887
Notes upon small collection of Rhopalocera made by Rev. B. C. Henry in the Island of Hainan, together with descriptions of some apparently new species Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 14 : 111-124
Huang & Xue, 2004
A Contribution to the Butterfly Fauna of Southern Yunnan Neue Ent. Nachr. 57: 135-154, pl. 11
Matsumura, 1906
Neue Rhopaloceren Japans Annot. Zool. Jap. 6 (1) : 7-15, pl. 1
Moore, 1878
Descriptions of new Asiatic Hesperidae Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 686-695, pl. 45
Moore, 1878
List of Lepidopterous Insects collected by the late R. Swinhoe in the Island of Hainan Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 695-708
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Pl÷tz, 1883
Die Hesperiinen -- Gattung Hesperia Aut. und ihre Arten. (3) & (4) Stett. ent. Ztg 44 (1-3): 26-64, (4-6): 195-233
Pl÷tz, 1885
Neue Hesperiden des indischen Archipels und Ost-Africa's aus der Collection des Herrn H. Ribbe in Blasewitz-Dresden, gesammelt von den Herren: C. Ribbe auf Celebes, Java un den Aru-Inseln, KŘnstler auf Malacca (Perak); KŘhn auf West-Guinea (Jekar); Menger auf Ceylon Berl. ent. Z. 29 (2) : 225-232
Pl÷tz, 1886
Nachtrag und Berichtigungen zu den Hesperiinen Stettin ent. Ztg 47 (1-3) : 83-117
Semper, [1879]
Beitrag zur Rhopalocerenfauna von Australien J. Mus. Godeffroy 5 (14) : 138-194, pl. 8-9
Snellen, [1880]
Natuurlijke Historie. Achtse afdeeling. Lepidoptera door P. C. T. Snellen, met eene inleiding door Joh. F. Snelleman. Midden-Sumatra Midden-Sumatra, 4 (8) : 1-84, pl. 1-2 (?1880, ?1884, [1886]), : 85-92, pl. 3-5 ([1892])
Trimen, 1889
South-African Butterflies: a monograph of the extra-tropical species. Vol. 3 South-African Butts 3 : 1-438, pl. 10-12
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Waterhouse, 1932
New genera of Australian Hesperiidae and a new subspecies Austral. Zool. 7 (3) : 198-201


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.