[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Hesperioidea < Hesperiidae < Hesperiinae
Ochlodes Scudder, 1872
Ochlodes Scudder, 1872; 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 78, TS: Hesperia nemorum Boisduval
Ochlodes, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Ochloedes ; Elrod & Malley, 1906, (missp.)
Ochledes ; Brues & Melander, 1935, (missp.)
Ochlodes ; Chiba & Tsukiyama, 1996, Butterflies 14 (1): (3-13)
Ochlodes (Hesperiinae) ; [NL4A, 74]


[sp-1.jpg] 500x511 (~33Kb) USA: Robinson Canyon Rd, (47°01'00N 120°43'40W), Kittitas Co., WA, 26.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-2.jpg] 600x623 (~36Kb) USA: Taneum Creek, Wenatchee National Forest, (47°06'24N 120°54'44W), Kittitas Co., WA, 29.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-3.jpg] 700x581 (~36Kb) USA: Table Mtn, (~ 47°19N 120°42W), Kittitas Co., WA, 30.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela
[sp-4.jpg] 600x615 (~55Kb) USA: FR9708, Table Mtn (47°18'28N 120°41'25W), Kittitas Co., WA, 19.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



fiOchlodes sylvanus (Esper, 1777)
EU, Temperate Asia, China. See [About maps] Piippopaksupää Large Skipper Stor ängssmygare Ängssmygare le Sylvain Dorada orla ancha Karłątek kniejnik
Papilio sylvanus Esper, 1777; Die Schmett. Th. I, Bd. 1 (9): 343, (6): pl. 36, f. 1 ♀
faunus (Turati, 1905)
?hyrcana (Christoph, 1893)
Papilio melicerta Bergsträsser, 1780
Ochlodes alexandra Hemming, 1934
Ochlodes esperiverity Hemming, 1934
Ochlodes sylvanus, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Ochlodes sylvanus, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Ochlodes sylvanus, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Ochlodes sylvanus, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Ochlodes venata faunus ;
Ochlodes sylvanus ; [BRU, 130]; [Otakar Kudrna]
Misidentified/misapplied:
?Ochlodes venatus; [BOW: pl. 11, f. 23]
[sylvanus-1f.jpg] 822x745 (~118Kb) female Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 14.6.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov [sylvanus-2u.jpg] 599x738 (~108Kb) upperside Russia, Moscow area, 3.7.2010 (36°25'E, 56°00'N), Photo © D. Smirnov

[faunus-1u.jpg] 500x427 (~73Kb) upperside Luckett, Cornwall, UK 04/06/95, Photo © Simon Coombes [faunus-1v.jpg] 500x408 (~64Kb) underside Luckett, Cornwall, UK 04/06/95, Photo © Simon Coombes [faunus-2u.jpg] 500x433 (~17Kb) upperside Finland, Tampere, Hervanta, 681:33, 7/1997, Photo © Tero Piirainen
[faunus-2v.jpg] 500x458 (~20Kb) underside Finland, Tampere, Hervanta, 681:33, 7/1997, Photo © Tero Piirainen [faunus-3fu.jpg] 600x682 (~46Kb) upperside female FINLAND: Ka: Miehikkälä, 673:53-54, 30.6.1997, Photo © Markku Savela [faunus-4mv.jpg] 543x750 (~35Kb) underside male Sipoo 670:39, 03.07.1981, Photo © Pertti Pakkanen
[faunus-5.jpg] 1200x799 (~194Kb) Italy, Ravenna, September 2002, Photo © Maurizio Elia [faunus-6f.jpg] 816x612 (~71Kb) female Finland, Mouhijärvi, Ryömälä, 4.7.2004, Photo © Harri Arkkio [faunus-7mu.jpg] 518x454 (~85Kb) upperside male Russia, Moscow area, 11.06.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov
[faunus-7mv.jpg] 474x495 (~75Kb) underside male Russia, Moscow area, 11.06.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov [faunus-8mu.jpg] 651x604 (~82Kb) upperside male Russia, Moscow area, 17.06.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov [faunus.jpg] 1000x766 (~79Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, Virojoki 671:53, 20.6.1998, Photo © Markku Savela

It appears, that what has been called O. venatus is actually O. faunus (or O. sylvanus). And the real O. venatus does not occur in Europe (but in Russian Far East).

Larva on Gramineae, Phalaris arundinacea, Alopecurus pratensis, Calamagrostis purpurea, Deschampsia flexuosa, Phragmites communis, Roegneria canina [SPRK]


O. s. esperi Verity, 1934
W.Siberia, C.Siberia
[esperi-1mfv.jpg] 800x600 (~87Kb) underside male female An edge of a birch grove, the settlement Gornyi surroundings, Toguchin District, Novosibirsk Province, West Siberia, Russia. 12th June 1995, Photo © Oleg Kosterin


Ochlodes venata (Bremer & Grey, 1853)
E.Asia, Amur - SE.China, Korea, Japan. See [About maps] venata (Bremer & Grey, 1853); in Motschulsky, Etud. Ent. 1: 61, TL: Beijing, China
Ochlodes venata, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Ochlodes venata, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Ochlodes venata ; [BRU, 129]; [MRS, 732]
Pamphila selas Mabille, 1878
Pamphila herculea Butler, 1881; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 7 (38) : 140, TL: Japan
Ochlodes tochrana Heyne, 1895
Augiades sylvanus f. amurensis Mabille, 1909
Augiades sylvanus chosensis Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3 (4) : 156, TL: Korea
Ochlodes venata similis ; [MRS, 732]
Ochlodes venata sagitta ; [MRS, 732]
O. v. majuscula (Elwes & Edwards, 1897)

Ochlodes ochracea (Bremer, 1861)
Amur, SE.China, Japan. See [About maps] ochracea (Bremer, 1861); Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersb. 3 : 473, TL: "Ussuri-Mündung"
rikuchina Butler, 1878
Ochlodes ochracea, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Ochlodes ochracea ; [BRU, 129]; [MRS, 733]

Larva on Carex, Calamagrostis, Brachypodium [BRU]


Ochlodes subhyalina (Bremer & Grey, 1853)
Mongolia - Korea, Japan, E.India - N.Burma - Taiwan. See [About maps] subhyalina (Bremer & Grey, 1853); in Motschulsky, Etud. Ent. 1: 61, TL: Beijing, China
Ochlodes subhyalina, Extracts from [BRU] by [Ilya Osipov]
Ochlodes subhyalina ; [BOW: pl. 208, f. 18]; [BRU, 129]; [MRS, 733]
N.China, Japan, Korea, S.China, Sichuan, N.Burma Ochlodes subhyalina subhyalina ; [NEN51]
O. s. chayuensis Huang, 2001
Ochlodes subhyalina chayuensis Huang, 2001; Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 67, f. 3, pl. 1, f. 3-4, TL: Chayu, Tibet, 2300
O. s. pasca Evans, 1949
Khasi Hills, Assam, Sikkim Ochlodes subhyalina pasca ; Huang, 2001, Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 67 (note)
O. s. formosana (Matsumura, 1919)
Taiwan Ochlodes subhyalina formosana ; [MRS, 733]

Ochlodes asahinai Shirozu, 1964
Japan (Ruykyu Is.). See [About maps] Ochlodes asahinai Shirozu, 1964; : 167, TL: Yonehara, Ishigaki Is., Yaeyama Group, Ryukyus

Ochlodes thibetana (Oberthür, 1886)
Batang, Mangkang, Chawalong. See [About maps] Pamphila thibetana Oberthür, 1886; Étud. d'Ent. 11 : 28
Ochlodes thibetana ; [NEN51]
Yunnan, ...? Ochlodes thibetana thibetana ; Huang, 2003, Neue Ent. Nachr. 55: 74 (note)

Ochlodes sylvanoides (Boisduval, 1852)
ENA. See [About maps] Woodland Skipper
Hesperia sylvanoides Boisduval, 1852; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 313, TL: N Fork Feather R. Canyon, Plumas Co., California
Ochlodes sylvanoides, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Ochlodes sylvanoides sylvanoides, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Ochlodes sylvanoides sylvanoides, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Ochlodes sylvanoides, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Ochlodes sylvanoides, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anthomaster sylvanoides ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 51
Ochlodes sylvanoides ; [BOW: pl. 22, f. 19]; [NACL, #4054]; [BOC, 99]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1853]
Misidentified/misapplied:
agricola; Plötz, 1883
[sylvanoides-1mu.jpg] 600x677 (~47Kb) upperside male USA: Colliding Rivers, Umpqua and Little River (43°17'52N 123°06'08W ±0.5km), Douglas Co. OR, 4.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela [sylvanoides-1mv.jpg] 600x717 (~42Kb) underside male USA: Colliding Rivers, Umpqua and Little River (43°17'52N 123°06'08W ±0.5km), Douglas Co. OR, 4.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela [sylvanoides-2.jpg] 600x738 (~51Kb) USA: Susan Creek and North Umpqua River, (43°17'57N 122°54'22W ±0.5km), Douglas Co. OR, 4.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela
[sylvanoides-3m.jpg] 500x649 (~35Kb) male USA: FR 6520 /Johnson Ridge, Mt. Baker Snoqualmie Nat. Forest (47°19'58N 121°42'43W), Snohomish Co., WA, 7.8.2001, Photo © Markku Savela

Larva on Poaceae [NAB]


California, Mexico Hesperia pratincola Boisduval, 1852; , TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #1853a]
Hesperia francisca Plötz, 1883; , TL: California,Mexico
= ; [NL4A, #1853a]
slyvanoides ; Hoffmann, 1941, (missp.)
pratinicola ; Tilden, 1971, (missp.)
partincola ; Beattie, 1976, (missp.)
Ochlodes sylvanoides sylvanoides ; [NL4A, #1853a]
O. s. pratincola (Boisduval, 1852)
Hesperia pratincola Boisduval, 1852; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 315
Anthomaster pratincola ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 51
Ochlodes sylvanoides pratincola ; [NACL, #4054a]
Misidentified/misapplied:
nemorum; Wright, 1905
O. s. napa (Edwards, 1865)
napa (Edwards, 1865); Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 4 : 202
amanda (Plötz, 1883)
Erynnis napa ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 50
Ochlodes sylvanoides napa ; [NACL, #4054b]
Misidentified/misapplied:
milo; Wright, 1905
O. s. bonnevilla Scott, 1981
Nevada Bonneville Skipper
Ochlodes sylvanoides bonnevilla Scott, 1981; , TL: Ruby Mtns., Elko Co., Nevada
O. s. orecoasta Scott, 1981
Oregon Oregon Coast Skipper
Ochlodes sylvanoides orecoasta Scott, 1981; , TL: Cullaby Lake, Clatsop Co., Oregon
O. s. santacruza Scott, 1981
N.California Ochlodes sylvanoides santacruza Scott, 1981; , TL: N. California coast and islands
O. s. omnigena Austin, 1998
Nevada, Great Basin Ochlodes sylvanoides omnigena Austin, 1998; , TL: Kingston Canyon, Toiyabe Mtns, Lander Co., Nevada
O. s. catalina Emmel & Emmel, 1998

Ochlodes agricola (Boisduval, 1852)
-. See [About maps] Rural Skipper Farmer Skipper California Skipper
Hesperia agricola Boisduval, 1852; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 314, TL: E of Sausolito, Marin Co., California
Ochlodes agricola agricola, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Ochlodes agricola agricola, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Ochlodes agricola, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Anthomaster agricola ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 51
Ochlodes agricola ; [BOW: pl. 22, f. 19 (text)]; [NACL, #4055]; [BOC, 98]; [NL4A, #1850]; [Opler]

Larva on Poaceae [NAB]

California - Washington Hesperia yrika Weidemeyer, 1864; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #1850a]
Hesperia yreka Edwards, 1866; Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 6 (4) : 207, TL: San Francisco, California
= ; [NL4A, #1850a]
Pamphila milo Edwards, 1883; Can. Ent. 15 (2) : 34, TL: ;Washington [Oregon?]
= ; [NL4A, #1850a]
agricolor ; Skinner, 1904, (missp.)
Anthomaster milo ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 51
Ochlodes agricola agricola ; [NL4A, #1850a]
O. a. verus (Edwards, 1881)
California agricola verus (Edwards, 1881); Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 9 : 4
Anthomaster verus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 51
Ochlodes agricola verus ; [NACL, #4055a]
O. a. nemorum (Boisduval, 1852)
California Hesperia nemorum Boisduval, 1852; Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 314, TL: N Fork Feather R. Cyn, Plumas Co., California
pratincola (Boisduval, 1852); ♀
Anthomaster nemorum ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 51
Ochlodes agricola nemorum ; [NL4A, #1850b]; [NACL, #4055b]
Misidentified/misapplied:
milo Seitz, 1924; (not Edwards, 1883)

Ochlodes yuma (Edwards, 1873)
California - W.Colorado. See [About maps] Yuma Skipper Giant-Reed Skipper
Hesperia yuma Edwards, 1873; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 4 : 346, TL: California
Ochlodes yuma, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Ochlodes yuma ; [NACL, #4057]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1854]
[yuma-1mu.jpg] 700x888 (~72Kb) upperside male USA: Dry Falls / Sun Lakes State Park, Grant Co., WA, 9.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela [yuma-2mu.jpg] 900x702 (~59Kb) upperside male USA: Dry Falls / Sun Lakes State Park, Grant Co., WA, 9.7.2000, Photo © Markku Savela

Larva on Phragmites australis [BOC]


California Pamphila scudderi Skinner, 1899; Ent. News. 10 (5) : 111, TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #1854a]
Erynnis scudderi ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 50
Ochlodes yuma yuma ; [NL4A, #1854a]
O. y. lutea Austin, 1998
Ochlodes yuma lutea Austin, 1998; , TL: Bowman Creek, Toiyabe Mtns, Lander Co., Nevada

Ochlodes samenta Dyar, 1914
Mexico. See [About maps] Ochlodes samenta Dyar, 1914; , TL: Mexico, Guerrero; Jalisco
Ochlodes samenta ; [NL4A, #1852]

Ochlodes batesi (Bell, 1935)
Haiti Poanes batesi Bell, 1935; , TL: Haiti
Ochlodes batesi ; [NL4A, #1851]

 

Ochlodes bouddha (Mabille, 1876)
China. See [About maps] Pamphila bouddha Mabille, 1876; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 6 : lvi
Ochlodes bouddha ; [BOW: pl. 208, f. 17]; [MRS, 734]

Ochlodes brahma (Moore, 1878)
NW.Himalaya. See [About maps] Pamphila brahma Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 691, pl. 45, f. 8, TL: Masuri, 7000ft, NW.Himalaya

Ochlodes flavomaculata Draeseke & Reuss, 1905²

Ochlodes hasegawai Chiba & Tsukiyama, 1996²

Ochlodes klapperichii Evans, 1940
Ochlodes klapperichii ; [MRS, 734]

Ochlodes linga Evans, 1939²

Ochlodes nittakana Sonan, 1936²

Ochlodes crataeis (Leech, 1893)
Ochlodes crateis[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 208, f. 17 (text)]
Ochlodes crataeis ; [MRS, 734]

Ochlodes siva (Moore, 1878)
Pamphila siva Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 692, TL: Khasia Hills
Ochlodes siva; [MRS, 734]
O. s. karennia Evans, 1932
O. s. tarsa Evans, 1949
Ochlodes siva tarsa ; [MRS, 734]
O. s. yuchingkina Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963
Ochlodes siva yuchingkina Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963; Tyô to Ga 13 (3): 53, f. 27-28, TL: Mt. Sylvia
Ochlodes siva niitakana ; [MRS, 734 (note)]

Ochlodes lanta Evans, 1939
Yunnan, ...?. See [About maps] Ochlodes lanta ; Huang, 2003, Neue Ent. Nachr. 55: 74 (note)


16.3.2013 (21)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOC]
Robert Michael Pyle, 2002; The Butterflies of Cascadia
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU]
Tuzov, Bogdanov, Devyatkin, Kaabak, Korolev, Murzin, Samodurov, Tarasov, 1997; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae; Volume 1
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[ESP]
Heppner, 1981; The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abblidungen... 1776-[1830]; Archives of Natural History (1981) 10 (2): 251-254
[Harri Arkkio]
Finland; For the time being these pictures are only for this site. Other usage not allowed.
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[Ilya Osipov]
The insects from former USSR for collectors Web site; e-mail: Ilya Osipov; http://www.osipov.org/insects/
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[Maurizio Elia]
Ravenna, Italy; e-mail: Maurizio Elia
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[Pertti Pakkanen]
e-mail: Pertti Pakkanen; Butterfly and moth observations from Finland
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Tero Piirainen]
Tampere, Finland; e-mail: Tero Piirainen
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Boisduval, 1852
Lépidoptères de la Californie Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. (2) 10 : 275-324
Bremer, 1861
Neue Lepidopteren aus Ost-Sibirien und dem Amur-Lande gesammelt von Radde und Maack, bescrieben von Otto Bremer Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersb. 3 : 461-496, Mélanges biol. St.-Pétersb. 3 (5-6): 538-589
Bremer & Grey, 1853
Diagnoses de Lépidopterères nouveaux, trouvés par Mm. Tatarinoff et Gaschkewitch aux environs de Pekin in Motschulsky, Etud. Ent. 1: 58-67
Butler, 1881
On a Collection of Butterflies from Nikko, Central Japan Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 7 (38) : 132-140
Chiba & Tsukiyama, 1996
A review of the genus Ochlodes Scudder, 1872, with special reference to Eurasian species Butterflies 14 (1): 3-16
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Edwards, 1865
Descriptions of certain species of Diurnal Lepidoptera, found within the limits of the United States and British America. No. 4 Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 4 : 201-204
Edwards, 1866
Descriptions of certain species of Diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and British America. No. 5 Proc. ent. Soc. Philad. 6 (4) : 200-208
Edwards, 1873
Descriptions of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 4 : 343-348
Edwards, 1881
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 9 : 1-8
Edwards, 1883
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in British America and the United States Can. Ent. 15 (2) : 32-36
Esper, 1777
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil I. Die Tagschmetterlinge. Band 1 Die Schmett. Th. I, Bd. 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-6 (1776), (2): 41-72, pl. 7-12 (1776), (3): 73-104, pl. 13-18 (1777), (4): 105-120, pl. 19-24 (1777), (5): 121-144, pl. 25-30 (1777), (6): 145-176, pl. 31-36 (1777), (7): 177-200, pl. 37-46 (1778), (8): 201-216, pl. 43-48 (1778), (9): 217-388, pl. 49-50 (1779)
Huang, 2001
Report of H. Huang's 2000 Expedition to SE. Tibet for Rhopalocera Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 51: 65-152
Huang, 2003
A list of butterflies collected from Nujiang (Lou Tse Kiang) and Dulongiang, China with descriptions of new species, and revisional notes Neue Ent. Nachr. 55: 3-114
Mabille, 1876
[Hespérides] Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 6 : ix-xi,[9-11], : xxv-xxvii,[25-27], : liv-lvii,[54-57], : clii-cliii,[152-153], : cxcvii-ccii
Matsumura, 1929
Some new butterflies from Korea received from Mr. T. Takamuku Insecta Matsumurana 3 (4) : 152-156
Moore, 1878
Descriptions of new Asiatic Hesperidae Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 686-695, pl. 45
Murayama & Shimonoya, 1963
On some interesting butterflies from Formosa, with descriptions of 2 new species, 2 new races, and 7 new aberrant forms [in Japanese] Tyô to Ga 13 (3): 51-59
Oberthür, 1886
Espèces Nouvelles de Lépidoptères du Thibet / Nouveaux Lépidoptères du Thibet Étud. d'Ent. 11 : 13-38, pl. 1-7
Scudder, 1872
A systematic Revision of some of the American Butterflies; with brief notes on those known to occur in Essex County, Mass. 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 24-83
Skinner, 1899
Notes on Butterflies, with Descriptions of New Species Ent. News. 10 (5) : 111-112


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.