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Gegenes Hübner, [1819]
Pygmy Skippers, Hottentots
Gegenes Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (7): 107, TS: Papilio pumilo Hoffmannsegg
Philoodus Rambur, 1840; Faune ent. Andal. 2 (5): 308, TS: Hesperia nostrodamus Fabricius
Gegenes (Hesperiinae) ; [BK, 436]; [AfrL]

Gegenes nostrodamus (Fabricius, 1793)
SEU, N.Africa(Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt), Asia Minor, Turkestan, N.India. See [About maps] Mediterranean Skipper Veloz de las Rieras Dingy Swift
Hesperia nostrodamus Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 328, no. 246, TL: "Barbaria" [NW.Africa]
proclea Walker, 1870
Hesperia karsana Moore, [1875]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (4) : 576, pl. 67, f. 6, TL: Rawul Pindi, N.Punjab
nostradamus; [BIR, 488]
Gegenes nostrodamus, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Philoodus nostrodamus ; Rambur, 1840, Faune ent. Andal. 2 (5): 308
Gegenes nostrodamus ; [BOW: pl. 11, f. 16, 17]; [BRU, 132]
Genenes nostrodamus ; [BMAT: 98, pl. 31, f. 58-61]
Gegenes nostrodamus ; [AfrL]; [Otakar Kudrna]

Larva on Gramineae [H&R], (in Sinai) Aeluropus sp., Panicum sp. [BMAT]


Gegenes pumilio (Hoffmannsegg, 1804)
SEU, Morocco, Iran, Himalaya, AF. See [About maps] Pigmy Skipper Dark Hottentot
Papilio pumilio Hoffmannsegg, 1804; Mag. f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 3: 202, TL: Africa
aetna Boisduval, 1840
Philoodus lefebvrii Rambur, 1840; Faune ent. Andal. 2 (5): 308, TL: Sicily and Sardinia
ursula (Holland, 1896) (Pamphila); Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 (1) : 64
= ; [NHM]
occulta (Trimen, 1891) (Pamphila); Proc. zool. soc. Lond. 1891 : 103
= ; [NHM]
Gegenes pumilio, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Gegenes pumilio, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Gegenes ursula ; [BOW: pl. 129, f. 17]
Gegenes lefebvrei[sic] ; [BOW: pl. 11, f. 13 (text)]
Genenes pumilio ; [BMAT: 98, pl. 31, f. 54-57]
Gegenes pumilio ; [AfrL]; [Otakar Kudrna]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Papilio pygmaeus; Cyrilli, 1787, (misid.)

Larva on Gramineae [H&R], (in S.Africa) Ehrharta erecta [BMAT]

Gegenes pumilio pumilio ; [AfrL]
G. p. gambica (Mabille, 1878)
Africa, Arabia - Lebanon, Turkey - N.India Pamphila gambica Mabille, 1878; Petites Nouvelles ent. 2 (197): 233, TL: Senegambia
Gegenes pumilio gambica ; [BK: 436, pl. 64, f. 869]; [AfrL]
G. p. monochroa (Rebel, 1907)
Gegenes pumilio monochroa ; [AfrL]

Gegenes niso (Linnaeus, 1764)
Africa. See [About maps] Papilio niso Linnaeus, 1764; Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 339
letterstedti Wallengren, 1857²
Gegenes niso ; [AfrL]

Larva on Ehrharta erecta, Pennisetum clandestinum [PBSA], Ehrharta, Pennisetum, Zea [BK]

Gegenes niso niso ; [AfrL]
G. n. brevicornis (Plötz, 1884)
Plain Hottentot
Gegenes niso brevicornis ; [BK: 437, pl. 64, f. 871]; [AfrL]

Gegenes hottentota (Latreille, 1824)
Africa, SW.Arabia. See [About maps] Hottentot Skipper Common Hottentot
Hesperia hottentota Latreille, 1824; in Godart, Ency. méth. 9 (2) : 777
Gegenes hottentota ; [BOW: pl. 129, f. 15, 16]; [BK: 436, pl. 64, f. 870]; [AfrL]

Larva on Ehrharta erecta, Pennisetum clandestinum [PBSA]

Cape

Larva on Themeda triandra [PBSA]



14.3.2013 (4)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU]
Tuzov, Bogdanov, Devyatkin, Kaabak, Korolev, Murzin, Samodurov, Tarasov, 1997; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Satyridae; Volume 1
[H&R]
Higgins, L.G, Riley, N.D, 1970; A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Holland, 1896
A Preliminary Revision and Synonymic Catalogue of the Hesperiidae of Africa and the adjacent Islands, with Descriptions of some apparently new species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1896 (1) : 2-107, pl. 1-5
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Latreille, 1824
Encylopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle. Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes in Godart, Ency. méth. 9 (2) : 329-828
Linnaeus, 1764
Museum S'ae R'ae M'tis Ludovicae Ulricae Reginae Svecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque Mus. Lud. Ulr.: vi + 720 + [2]
Mabille, 1878
Descriptions de Lépidoptères nouveaux de la famille des Hespérides Petites Nouvelles ent. 2 (197): 233-234, (198): 237-238
Moore, [1875]
Descriptions of new Asiatic Lepidoptera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1874 (4) : 565-579, pl. 66-67
Rambur, 1840
Faune entomologique de l'Andalusie. 1837-1840 (Vol. 2) Faune ent. Andal. 2 (1): pl. 14-15, 18 (1837), 2 (2): 1-16, pl. 1-4 (1838), 2 (3): 17-96, pl. 6-7, 9, 11 (1838), 2 (4): 97-176, pl. 5, 8, 10, 12, 17 (1839), 2 (5): 177-336 (1840)
Trimen, 1891
On Butterflies collected in tropical South-Western Africa, by Mr. A. W. Eriksson Proc. zool. soc. Lond. 1891 : 59-107, pl. 8-9


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.