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Gangara Moore, [1881]
Gangara (Hesperiidae)Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 164, TS: Papilio thyrsis Fabricius
Paduka Distant, 1886; Rhopalocera Malayana : 369, 375, TS: Paduka glandulosa Distant
Gangara (Hesperiinae) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 68

Gangara thyrsis (Fabricius, 1775)
Ceylon, S.India - Bombay, Calcutta, Sikkim - Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Giant Redeye
Papilio thyrsis Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 532, no. 383, TL: "America" [= error, Tranquebar, S.India]
?Goniloba clothilda Herrich-Schńffer, 1869; CorrespBl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 23 (12): 195, TL: ?Ceylon
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Gangara thyrsis ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 165, pl. 66, f. 3, 3a; [BOW: pl. 186, f. 25]; [MRS, 737]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 68

Larva on Palmaceae [MRS], Arenga, Calamus, Caryota, Cocos, Eugeissona, Korthalsia, Licuala, Livistona, Metroxylon, Nypa, Phoenix, Roystonea, Trachycarpus, Musa, Philydrum Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 68

S.India, NW.India - Burma, Andamans, S.Nicobars, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Hainan, S.China, Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka, Nias, Palawan, Sulawesi Hesperia pandia Moore, [1858]; in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1 : 254, pl. 7, f. 10, 10a, TL: Calcutta
Gangara thyrsis pandia Fruhstorfer, 1910; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (5): 102, TL: Java
Gangara thyrsis yasodara Fruhstorfer, 1910; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (5): 103, TL: Andamans
Gangara hainana Sonan, 1938; Trans. nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 28: 37, TL: Hainan
Hesperia pandia ; Moore, [1866], Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 790
Gangara thyrsis thyrsis ; Inoue & Kawazoe, 1970, Ty˘ to Ga 21 (1/2): 1, f. 131; [BMP: 372, pl. 58, f. 1-2]

Larva on Eugeissona tristis [BMP]


Gangara sanguinocculus (Martin, 1895)
Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra. See [About maps] Erionota sanguinocculus Martin, 1895; Einige neue Tagschmetterlinge von Nordost Sumatra [1]: 5, TL: NE.Sumatra
Gangara sanguinocculus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Gangara sanguinocculus ; [BMP: 373, pl. 58, f. 16-17]

Gangara lebadea (Hewitson, 1868)
India, Ceylon, Malaya, Indo-China, Borneo. See [About maps] Hesperia lebadea Hewitson, 1868; Ill. exot. Butts [5] (Hesperia III): [101], pl. [51], f. 22-23, TL: Borneo
Gangara lebadea lebadea, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Gangara lebadea ; [BOW: pl. 186, f. 26]; [MRS, 737]
Sikkim - Burma, Thailand, Laos, N.Vietnam, Yunnan, Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Bawean, Bali, Palawan Paduka glandulosa Distant, 1886; Rhopalocera Malayana : 376, pl. 35, f. 5, TL: Malaysia
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; [BMP: 373, pl. 58, f. 3-4]
G. l. subfasciata (Moore, 1878)
Ceylon Ismene subfasciata Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 686, TL: Ceylon
Matapa subfasciata ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 164, pl. 64, f. 3a-b
Gangara lebadea subfasciata ; [NHM]
G. l. andamanica (Wood-Mason & de NicÚville, 1881)
Andamans Ismene lebadea var. andamanica Wood-Mason & de NicÚville, 1881; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 50 Pt.II (4) : 254, TL: Andamans

Gangara tumpa de Jong, 1992
Sulawesi. See [About maps] Gangara tumpa ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 69


24.11.2012 (4)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM


Some related literature:
Distant, 1886
Rhopalocera Malayana: a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula Rhopalocera Malayana : 1-481, pl. 1-27,27A,27B,28-44
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Fruhstorfer, 1910
Neue Hesperiden des Indo-Malayischen Faunengebietes und Besprechung verwandter Formen Dt. ent. Z. Iris 24 (3): 58 (1 March), (4): 59-74 (1 April), (5): 75-104 (1 May)
Herrich-Schńffer, 1869
Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterlinge CorrespBl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 23 (4): 56-64, (5): 67-77, (9): 130-141, (11): 163-172, (12): 184-204
Hewitson, 1868
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson Ill. exot. Butts [5] : (Systematic Index) V, (Anteros): [1-2], pl. [1] (1867), (Erycina & Necyria): [3-4], pl. [2] (1870), (Erycina Symmachia &c): [5-6], pl. [3] (1875), (Necyria & Esthemopsis): [7-8], pl. [4] (1872), (Calydna): [9-10], pl. [5] (1854), (Calydna II): [11-12], pl. [6] (1859), (Theope): [13-14], pl. [7] (1860), (Symmachia): [15-16], pl. [8] (1867), (Symmachia & Charis II): [17-18], pl. [9] (1871), (Charis): [19-20], pl. [10] (1866), (Emesis): [21-22], pl. [11] (1872), (Nymphidium I): [23-24], pl. [12] (1853), (Nymphidium II-III): [25-28], pl. [13-14] (1865), (Nymphidium IV): [29-30], pl. [15] (1871), (Lemonias I): [31-32], pl. [16] (1853), (Lemonias II): [33-34], pl. [17] (1858), (Lemonias III-IV): [35-38], pl. [18-19] (1863), (Lemonias V): [39-40], pl. [20] (1872), (Lemonias & Baeotis): [41-42], pl. [21] (1875), (Lemonias & Baeotis): [43-44], pl. [22] (1874), (Pachythone & Cremna): [45-46], pl. [23] (1873), (Hades, Uraneis, &c): [47-48], pl. [24] (1870), (Limnas I-II): [49-52], pl. [25-26] (1853), (Limnas & Panara): [53-54], pl. [27] (1875), (Limnas &c): [55-56], pl. [28] (1876), (Limnas & Ithomeis): [57-58], pl. [29] (1870), (Chamaelimnas & Ithomiola): [59-60], pl. [30] (1871), (Hermathena &c): [61-62], pl. [31] (1875), (Ogyris): [63-64], pl. [32] (1853), (Pentila & Liptena): [65-66], pl. [33] (1866), (Pentila & Liptena II): [67-68], pl. [34] (1873), (Lycaena): [69-70], pl. [35] (1876), (Pyrrhopyga I-II): [71-74], pl. [36-37] (1857), (Pyrrhopyga): [75-76], pl. [38] (1869), (Pyrrhopyga II-III): [77-80], pl. [39-40] (1871), (Pyrrhopyga IV): [81-82], pl. [41] (1873), (Pyrrhopyga V & Erycides): [83-84], pl. [42] (1875), (Ismene I-II): [85-88], pl. [43-44] (1867), (Eudamus): [89-90], pl. [45] (1873), (Eudamus II-III): [91-94], pl. [46-47] (1875), (Chaetocneme): [95-96], pl. [48] (1874), (Hesperia I-II): [97-100], pl. [49-50] (1867), (Hesperia III): [101-102], pl. [51] (1868), (Hesperia IV): [103-104], pl. [52] (1869), (Hesperia V): [105-106], pl. [53] (1872), (Hesperia V*-VI): [107-110], pl. [54-55] (1873), (Hesperia VII): [111-112], pl. [56] (1876), (Leucochitonea): [113-114], pl. [57] (1869), (Leucochitonea II): [115-116], pl. [58] (1875), (Pterygospidea): [117-118], pl. [59] (1873), (Cyclopides): [119-120], pl. [60] (1874), (Cyclopides & Hesperilla): [121-122], pl. [61] (1874)
Inoue & Kawazoe, 1970
Hesperiid butterflies from South Vietnam (5) Ty˘ to Ga 21 (1/2): 1-14
Moore, [1858]
A Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1: : 1-278, pl. 1-12,1a,2a,3a,4a,5a,6a
Moore, [1866]
On the Lepidopterous Insects of Bengal Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (3) : 755-823, pl. 41-43
Moore, 1878
Descriptions of new Asiatic Hesperidae Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 686-695, pl. 45
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Wood-Mason & de NicÚville, 1881
Second List of Rhopalocerous Lepidoptera from Port Blair, Andaman Islands, with Descriptions of and Notes on new and little-known Species and Varieties J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 50 Pt.II (4) : 243-262, pl. 4, 14


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.