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Caltoris Swinhoe, 1893
Caltoris Swinhoe, 1893; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1893 (3) : 323, TS: Hesperia kumara Moore
Caltoris (Hesperiinae) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 78

Caltoris kumara (Moore, 1878)
Ceylon, W.Ghats - N.Kanara, Palnis, Nilgiris, Bangalore, High Wavys, Calcutta, Sikkim - Assam, Burma. See [About maps] Blank Swift
Hesperia kumara Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 687, TL: N.Kanara, India
Hesperia kumara Moore, 1857; in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1 : 255 (nom. nud)
Baoris kumara ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 166, pl. 69, f. 2, 2a
Caltoris kumara ; [BIR, 484]
C. k. moorei (Evans, 1926)
Burma, S.Yunnan kumara moorei (Evans, 1926); , TL: Sikkim
C. k. elongata (Evans, 1926)
Sumatra, Borneo

Caltoris brunnea (Snellen, 1876)
Dark Branded Swift
Pamphila brunnea Snellen, 1876; Tijdschr. Ent. 19 (3) : 164, pl. 7, f. 4, TL: Java
Chapra brunnea ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 144
C. b. caere (de Nicéville, 1891)
Chapra caere de Nicéville, 1891; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 6 (3) : 388, pl. G, f. 33, TL: Thaungyin, Myanmar
Caltoris brunnea caere ; [BMP: 391, pl. 60, f. 22-23]

Larva on Bambusa, Imperata cylindrica [BMP]


Caltoris sirius (Evans, 1926)
Baoris sirius Evans, 1926; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 (3): 633, no. I.115.10G
C. s. chimdroa (Evans, 1926)
Tibet? sirius chimdroa (Evans, 1926) (Baoris); J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 (3): 633
C. s. fusca (Evans, 1932)
Baoris fusca Evans, 1932; Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): 412, no. I.97.6G
Caltoris sirius fusca ; [BMP: 391, pl. 60, f. 24-25]

Caltoris aurociliata (Elwes & Edwards, 1897)
Sikkim, Assam. See [About maps] Parnara aurociliata Elwes & Edwards, 1897
Parnara aurociliata ; Evans, 1915, 546

Caltoris bromus (Leech, 1894)
S.China, Okinawa, Taiwan. See [About maps] Parnara bromus Leech, 1894; Butts China Japan Corea (2): 614, pl. 42, f. 10
Caltoris bromus ; [BOW: pl. 185, f. 25]; [MRS, 727]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 78

Larva on Bambusa Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 78

S.Yunnan, India, China, Indo-China, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Is., Borneo, Palawan, Philippines Caltoris bromus bromus ; Eliot, 1959, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 7 (8) : 390; [BMP: 390, pl. 60, f. 28-29]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 78
C. b. yanuca (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
Formosa Parnara yanuca Fruhstorfer, 1911; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 25 (4): 55, TL: Formosa
Caltoris bromus yanuca ; [MRS, 727]

Caltoris cahira (Moore, 1877)
India - Malaya - S.China. See [About maps] Colon Swift
Hesperia cahira Moore, 1877; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 593, pl. 58, f. 8, TL: Andamans
Caltoris cahira ; [BOW: pl. 185, f. 26]; [MRS, 727]
C. c. carina (Evans, 1937)
Yunnan, ...? Baoris carina Evans, 1937; Entomologist 70 (2): 39
Caltoris cahira carina ; [MRS, 727]
C. c. austeni (Moore, [1884])
S.Yunnan, ...? cahira austeni (Moore, [1884]); , TL: Khasi Hills
Caltoris onchisa Swinhoe, 1893; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1893 (3) : 323, TL: Shillong
Caltoris cahira austeni ; [BMP: 391, pl. 60, f. 30]; [MRS, 727]

Caltoris cormasa (Hewitson, 1876)
India - Malaya, Philippines. See [About maps] Full Stop Swift
Hesperia cormasa Hewitson, 1876; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 18 (108) : 457, TL: Borneo
Caltoris cormasa ; [BMP: 391, pl. 60, f. 26-27]; [BOW: pl. 185, f. 27]; [MRS, 727]

Caltoris malaya (Evans, 1926)
Baoris malaya Evans, 1926; J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 (3): 634, no. I.115.14D
Caltoris malaya ; [BMP: 391, pl. 60, f. 33-34]

Caltoris tulsi (de Nicéville, [1884])
India - Malaya - S.China. See [About maps] Purple Swift
Parnara tulsi de Nicéville, [1884]; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 52 Pt.II (2/4) : 86, pl. 10, f. 1 ♂, TL: Sikkim
Caltoris tulsi ; [BOW: pl. 185, f. 29]
Caltoris tulsi tulsi ; Eliot, 1959, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 7 (8) : 391; [BMP: 391, pl. 60, f. 35-36]

Caltoris plebeia (de Nicéville, 1887)
Sikkim - Borneo. See [About maps] Parnara plebeia de Nicéville, 1887; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1887 (3) : 466, pl. 40, f. 2, TL: Sikhim
Caltoris plebeia ; [BMP: 391, pl. 60, f. 31-32]

Caltoris philippina (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)
India, Ceylon, Malaya - New Guinea, Solomons. See [About maps] Cobalus philippina Herrich-Schäffer, 1869; CorrespBl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 23 (12): 201, no. 48
?Cobalus pilippina Herrich-Schäffer, 1868; Prodr. Syst. Lep. 3: 81
Hesperia seriata Moore, 1878; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 688, TL: Ceylon
= ; [NHM]
Baoris seriata ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 166, pl. 69, f. 4, 4a
?Prenes philippina ; Godman & Salvin, [1900], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 510, 3: pl. 96, f. 8-9 (Panama [??!])
Caltoris philippina ; [BOW: pl. 185, f. 28]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 78
Sri Lanka, India, Malay Peninsula, Nias, Palawan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Talaud, Sangihe, Sula Caltoris philippina philippina ; [BMP: 391, pl. 60, f. 37-38]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 78
C. p. subfenestrata (Röber, 1891)

 

Caltoris beraka (Plötz, 1885)
Sulawesi, Sangihe, Sula. See [About maps] Hesperia beraka Plötz, 1885; Berl. ent. Z. 29 (2) : 227
Caltoris beraka ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 78

Caltoris boisduvalii (C. & R. Felder, [1867])
Papua. See [About maps] Hesperia boisduvalii C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 514
Parnara hasoroides Elwes & Edwards, 1897; Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 14 (4) : 284, pl. 21, f. 11, TL: Batchian; Halmaheira
Parnara hasaroides[sic] ; Rothschild, 1915, Novit. Zool. 22 (3): 399

Caltoris canaraica (Moore, [1884])
Coorg, N.Kanara, Wynaad Kanara Swift
Panara canaraica Moore, [1884]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (4) : 534
Caltoris canaraica ; [BIR, 484]

Caltoris confusa (Evans, 1932)
Burma. See [About maps] Baoris confusa Evans, 1932; Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): 413

Caltoris mehavagga (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
Sulawesi, Sula, Buru. See [About maps] Parnara mehavagga Fruhstorfer, 1911; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 25 (4): 51, TL: S.Celebes, Lompo-Batta
Caltoris mehavagga ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 78

Caltoris nirwana (Plötz, 1882)
Java - W.China. See [About maps] Hesperia nirwana Plötz, 1882; Stettin ent. Ztg 43 (10-12): 436
Caltoris nirwana ; [BOW: pl. 185, f. 25 (text)]

Caltoris septentrionalis Koiwaiya, 1996˛

Caltoris tenuis (Evans, 1932)
Thailand, Burma, N.Laos. See [About maps] Baoris tenuis Evans, 1932; Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): 413


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Hesperia moolata Moore, [1879]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (4) : 843, TL: Ahsown


7.5.2013 (19)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[NHM]
Natural History Museum; The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
[˛]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
de Nicéville, [1884]
On new and little known Rhopalocera from the Indian Region J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 52 Pt.II (2/4) : 65-91, pl. 1, 9-10
de Nicéville, 1887
Descriptions of some new or little-known Butterflies from India, with some Notes on the seasonal Dimorphism obtaining in the Genus Melanitis Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1887 (3) : 448-467, pl. 39-40
de Nicéville, 1891
On new and little-known butterflies from the Indo-Malayan region J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 6 (3) : 341-398, pl. F-G
Eliot, 1959
New or little known Butterflies from Malaya Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 7 (8) : 371-391, 7fgs., pl. 10
Elwes & Edwards, 1897
A Revision of the Oriental Hesperiidae Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 14 (4) : 101-324, pl. 18-27
Evans, 1926
The Identification of Indian Butterflies (9-11) J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31 (1): 49-83, pl. 30, (2): 427-446, pl. 31, (3): 615-637, pl. 32
Evans, 1932
The Identification of Indian Butterflies (edn. 2) Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): x + 454pp, 9 figs, 32 pls
Evans, 1937
Indo-Australian Hesperiidae: Description of new Genera, Species and Subspecies Entomologist 70 (1): 16-19 (part 9), (2): 38-40 (part 10), (3): 64-66 (part 11), (4): 81-83 (part 12)
C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Fruhstorfer, 1911
Neue Hesperiden des Indo-Malayischen Faunengebietes und Besprechung verwandter Formen Dt. ent. Z. Iris 25 (2): 9-24 (1 February), (3): 25-40 (1 March), (4): 41-56 (1 April), (5): 57-72 (1 May), (6): 73-79, pl. 1 (1 June)
Godman & Salvin, [1900]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Herrich-Schäffer, 1869
Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterlinge CorrespBl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 23 (4): 56-64, (5): 67-77, (9): 130-141, (11): 163-172, (12): 184-204
Hewitson, 1876
Descriptions of twenty-five new Species of Hesperidae from his own Collection Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 18 (108) : 449-457
Leech, 1894
Butterflies from China, Japan, and Corea Butts China Japan Corea (1): 1-297, pl. 1-28 (1892-1894), (2): 297-681, pl. 29-43 (1893-1894)
Moore, 1857
A Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1: : 1-278, pl. 1-12,1a,2a,3a,4a,5a,6a
Moore, 1877
The Lepidopterous Fauna of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 580-632, pl. 58-60
Moore, 1878
Descriptions of new Asiatic Hesperidae Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (3) : 686-695, pl. 45
Moore, [1879]
A list of the Lepidopterous Insects collected by Mr. Ossian Limborg in Upper Tenasserim, with Descriptions of new Species Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878 (4) : 821-859, pl. 51-53 (1879)
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Moore, [1884]
Descriptions of new Asiatic diurnal Lepidoptera Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883 (4) : 521-535, pl. 48-49
Plötz, 1882
Die Hesperiinen-Gattung Hesperia Aut. und ihre Arten Stettin ent. Ztg 43 (7-9): 314-344, (10-12): 436-456
Plötz, 1885
Neue Hesperiden des indischen Archipels und Ost-Africa's aus der Collection des Herrn H. Ribbe in Blasewitz-Dresden, gesammelt von den Herren: C. Ribbe auf Celebes, Java un den Aru-Inseln, Künstler auf Malacca (Perak); Kühn auf West-Guinea (Jekar); Menger auf Ceylon Berl. ent. Z. 29 (2) : 225-232
Rothschild, 1915
On the Lepidoptera in the Tring Museum sent by Mr. A. S. Meek from the Admiralty Islands, Dampier and Vulcan Islands Novit. Zool. 22 (2): 192-208, (3): 387-402
Rothschild, 1915
On Lepidoptera from the islands of Ceram (Seran), Buru, Bali, and Misol Novit. Zool. 22 (1): 105-144, (2): 209-227
Snellen, 1876
Lepidoptera van Batavia. Beschrijving der nieuwe soorten Tijdschr. Ent. 19 (3) : 159-167, pl. 7
Swinhoe, 1893
A List of the Lepidoptera of the Khasi Hills. Part I Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1893 (3) : 267-330
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.