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Choaspes Moore, [1881]
Choaspes (Hesperiidae)Moore, [1881]; Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 158, TS: Hesperia benjaminii Guérin-Méneville
Choaspes (Coeliadinae) ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 59

Larva on Sabia, Meliosma [BMP]


Choaspes benjaminii (Guérin-Méneville, 1843)
Ceylon, India (Palnis, Nilgiris, Coorg, Kulu) - Assam, N.Burma, Japan. See [About maps] Indian Awlking
Hesperia benjaminii Guérin-Méneville, 1843; in Delessert, Souvenirs Voy. Inde 2 (2): 79, pl. 22, f. 2, TL: Nilgiris, S.India
Choaspes benjamini ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (4): 159, pl. 64, f. 1a-b
Choaspes benjaminii ; [BOW: pl. 186, f. 7]; [MRS, 698]

Larva on Sabia campanulata, Meliosma pugnens, M. rhoifolia, M. rigida [MRS]

C. b. japonica (Murray, 1875)
Choaspes benjaminii japonica ; [MRS, 698]
C. b. formosana (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
Formosa Rhopalocampta benjaminii formosana Fruhstorfer, 1911; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 25 (6): 78, TL: Formosa
Choaspes benjaminii formosana, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Choaspes benjaminii formosana ; Eliot, 1959, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 7 (8) : 383; Shirôzu, 1962, Tyô to Ga 12 (3): 58; [MRS, 698]
Choaspes benjaminii formosanus ;

Larva on Meliosma rhoifolia, M. rigida, M. squamulata [MRS]

C. b. flavens Eliot, 1992
Malaysia Choaspes benjaminii flavens Eliot, 1992; in Corbet & Pendlebury, Butterflies Malay Peninsula (4th edn): 437, f. 340 (g), pl. 52, f. 31, TL: W.Malaysia, Cameron Highlands

Choaspes estrella de Jong, 1980
Philippines. See [About maps] estrella de Jong, 1980; Luzon

Choaspes hemixanthus Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Sulawesi, Halamahera, New Guinea. See [About maps] Choaspes hemixanthus Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 10 (3) : 482, pl. 11, f. 3
Choaspes hemixantha ; [MRS, 698]
Choaspes hemixanthus ; [BOW: pl. 186, f. 9]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 60

Larva on Rhyticaryum, Meliosma, Pycnarrhena, Sabia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 60

C. h. wallacei Tsukiyama & Chiba, 1991
Sulawesi Choaspes hemixanthus wallacei Tsukiyama & Chiba, 1991; Tyô to Ga 42 (4): 256, TL: Indonesia, Sulawesi, Palopo
Choaspes hemixanthus wallacei ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 60

Choaspes furcatus Evans, 1932
Nepal - Burma, Thailand, Laos, Hainan, Malay Peninsula, Palawan. See [About maps] Choaspes furcata Evans, 1932; Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): 321, no. I.4.5, TL: Sikkim
Choaspes furcata, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Choaspes hemixanthus furcatus ; [BMP]
Choaspes hemixantha furcata ; [MRS, 698]

Choaspes illuensis (Ribbe, 1900)
New Guinea. See [About maps] Choaspes illuensis ; [BOW: 186, pl. 8]
C. i. ornatus Rothschild, 1903

Choaspes plateni (Staudinger, 1888)
Java. See [About maps] Ismene plateni Staudinger, 1888; in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (19): 293
Choaspes plateni ; [BOW: pl. 186, f. 10 (text)]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 59

Larva on Meliosma, Pometia Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 59

Sulawesi Choaspes plateni plateni ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 59
C. p. adhara (Fruhstorfer, 1911)
Philippines (Mindanao) Rhopalocampta plateni adhara Fruhstorfer, 1911; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 25 (6): 79, TL: Mindanao
C. p. caudatus Evans, 1932
S.Burma, Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, Nias, Bangka, Palawan Choaspes caudata Evans, 1932; Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): 320, no. I.4.1B, TL: Mergui, S.Burma
Choaspes plateni caudatus, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Choaspes plateni caudatus ; [BMP: 337, pl. 52, f. 29-30]
C. p. stigmata Evans, 1932
Sikkim, Assam, Laos, N.Vietnam, Hainan Choaspes plateni stigmata Evans, 1932; Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): 320, TL: Assam
Choaspes plateni stigmata, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Choaspes stigmata ;
Choaspes plateni stigmatus ;
C. p. visaya de Jong, 1980
Leyte
C. p. negrosa de Jong & Treadaway, 1993
Negros Choaspes plateni negrosa de Jong & Treadaway, 1993; , TL: Negros
C. p. boreus de Jong & Treadaway, 1993
Luzon Choaspes plateni boreus de Jong & Treadaway, 1993; , TL: Luzon

Choaspes subcaudata (C. & R. Felder, [1867])
Malaya - Java, Celebes. See [About maps] Ismene subcaudata C. & R. Felder, [1867]; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (3): 526, pl. 72, f. 20-21
Choaspes subcaudata ; [BOW: pl. 186, f. 10]
C. s. crawfurdi (Distant, 1882)
S.Burma, Thailand, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Nias Ismene crawfurdi Distant, 1882; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 10 (57) : 247, TL: Wellesley, Malaysia
Choaspes subcaudatus crawfurdi, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Choaspes subcaudatus crawfurdi ; [BMP: 337, pl. 52, f. 32]

Choaspes xanthopogon (Kollar, [1844])
Kashmir - Nepal, Sikkim, Assam, W.China, Burma?, Borneo?. See [About maps] Hesperia xanthopogon Kollar, [1844]; in Hügel, Kaschmir und das Reich der Siek, 4: 453, pl. 18, TL: Himalaya
Choaspes similis Evans, 1932; Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): 320,321, TL: Assam
Choaspes xanthopogon, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Choaspes xanthopogon ; [BOW: pl. 186, f. 7 (text)]; [MRS, 698]


7.5.2013 (8)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[CiNii]
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM


Some related literature:
Eliot in Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992
The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Fourth Edition revised by J. N. Eliot with plates by Bernard D'Abrera Butterflies Malay Peninsula (4th edn): 595pp, pl. 1-69
Distant, 1882
Undescribed Rhopalocera from the Malay Peninsula Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 10 (57) : 245-248
Eliot, 1959
New or little known Butterflies from Malaya Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 7 (8) : 371-391, 7fgs., pl. 10
Evans, 1932
The Identification of Indian Butterflies (edn. 2) Indian Butterflies (edn. 2): x + 454pp, 9 figs, 32 pls
C. & R. Felder, [1867]
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Fruhstorfer, 1911
Neue Hesperiden des Indo-Malayischen Faunengebietes und Besprechung verwandter Formen Dt. ent. Z. Iris 25 (2): 9-24 (1 February), (3): 25-40 (1 March), (4): 41-56 (1 April), (5): 57-72 (1 May), (6): 73-79, pl. 1 (1 June)
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Some new or unfigured Lepidoptera Novit. Zool. 10 (3) : 481-487, pl. 11-12
Shirôzu, 1962
Notes on two Hesperiid butterflies from Yaeyama Group of the Ryukyu [in Japanese] Tyô to Ga 12 (3): 54-57
Staudinger, 1888
Exotische Tagfalter in sysmatischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten in Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1 (1): 3-6, pl. 1-5 (1884), (2): 7-10, pl. 6-10 (1884), (3): 11-14, pl. 11-15 (1884), (4): 15-22, pl. 16-20 (1884), (5): 23-30, pl. 21-25 (1884), (6): 31-38, pl. 26-30 (1884), (7): 39-46, pl. 31-35 (1885), (8): 47-58, pl. 30-40 (1885), (9): 59-82, pl. 41-50 (1885), (10): 83-102, pl. 51-60 (1885), (11): 103-122, pl. 61-65 (1886), (12): 123-138, pl. 66-70 (1886), (13): 139-158, pl. 71-75 (1886), (14): 159-174, pl. 76-80 (1886), (15): 175-194, pl. 81-85 (1887), (16): 195-214, pl. 86-90 (1887), (17): 215-234, pl. 91-95 (1887), (18): 235-270, pl. 96-98 (1888), (19): 1-2,271-333, pl. 99-100 (1888)
Tsukiyama & Chiba, 1991
A New Species and Subspecies of Skippers from Sulawesi, Indonesia Tyô to Ga 42 (4): 255-260
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.