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Drepana Schrank, 1802
Drepana Schrank, 1802; Fauna Boica 2 (2) : 155, TS: Phalaena falcataria Linnaeus
Platypteryx Laspeyres, 1803; Neue Schr. ges. naturf. Fr. Berl. 4: 29, TS: Phalaena falcataria Linnaeus
Drepania Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (10): 149 [unj. emendation]
Syssaura Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (10): 150, TS: Phalaena falcataria Linnaeus
Cleopteryx Gistl, 1848; Naturg. Thiereichs: x [unnec. repl. for Platypterix]
Platypterix ; Ochsenheimer, 1816, Schmett. Eur. 4 : 97 (missp.)
Drepana ; Gaede, 1931, in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 49: 17; Inoue, 1962, Insecta Japonica (2) 1: 20; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 103, f. 200-219, pl. 11, f. 358, 360-365 (part?)

Subgenus Watsonalla Minet, 1985

fiDrepana binaria (Hufnagel, 1767)
SEU, CEU, Asia Minor, S.Russia. See [About maps] Oak Hook-tip Eichensichler Hameçon tölgy-sarlósszövö
hamula (Esper, 1786)
uncula (Hübner, 1800)
meridionalis Millière, 1877²
umbratula Staudinger, 1901²
liliputaria Strand, 1911²
cultrarioides Dannehl, 1929²
obtecta Dannehl, 1929²
Watsonalla binaria, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Watsonalla binaria, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Watsonalla binaria, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Drepana binaria, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Palaeodrepana binaria ; Inoue, 1962, Insecta Japonica (2) 1:
Watsonalla binaria binaria ; de Freina, 1994, Atalanta 25 (1/2): 339
[binaria-1.jpg] 1000x658 (~40Kb) BELGIUM, Namur, Han-Sur-Lessae, ex.o. 3.5.1997 Bart Vanholder, Photo 14.6.1997 © Kimmo Silvonen [binaria-2.jpg] 597x400 (~93Kb) Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [binaria-2l.jpg] 597x400 (~33Kb) larva Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch

Larva on Quercus, Fagus, Alnus, Betula [BSW]



Drepana uncinula (Borkhausen, 1790)
SEU, tr, Near East, NAF. See [About maps] Blauglänzender Eichensichler
oranaria Strand, 1911²
Watsonalla uncinula, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Watsonalla uncinula uncinula ; de Freina, 1994, Atalanta 25 (1/2): 399

Larva on Quercus, Quercus ilex, Q. faginea lusitanica [BSW]


Drepana cultraria (Fabricius, 1775)
SEU, CEU, S.Russia, tr. See [About maps] Barred Hook-tip Buchen-Sichelflügler Buchensichler La Serpette Boksikelvinge bükkfa-sarlósszövö
hamula (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
sicula (Esper, 1786)
unguicola Hübner, 1803²
minor Fuchs, 1884²
Watsonalla cultraria, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Watsonalla cultraria, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Drepana cultraria, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Drepana cultraria, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Palaeodrepana cultraria ; Inoue, 1962, Insecta Japonica (2) 1:
[cultraria-1m.jpg] 409x615 (~67Kb) male Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Ötisheim (8°49'E, 48°58'N, 325m), 30.04.1999, Photo © Karl Hofsäß

Larva on Fagus [BSW]


Subgenus Drepana Schrank, 1802

fiDrepana falcataria (Linnaeus, 1758)
EU, tr, E.Asia. See [About maps] Täpläsirppisiipi Pebble Hook-tip Sichelsspinner la Faucille Ockragul sikelvinge nyárfa-sarlósszövö
Phalaena falcataria Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 519
sicula (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
Bombyx falcula Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 64 [unj. emend.]
obscura Stauder, 1916²
Drepana falcataria var. scotica Bytinski-Salz, 1939; Ent. Rec. 51 : 165, TL: Rannoch, Scotland
Drepana falcataria, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Drepana falcataria, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Drepana falcataria, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Drepana falcataria, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Drepana falcataria, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
[falcataria-1mf.jpg] 500x597 (~48Kb) male female FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 6719:539, m 19.7.1976, f 23.6.1968, Markku Savela leg. [falcataria-2mf.jpg] 500x627 (~47Kb) male female FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 6719:539, m 18-23.8.1974, f 7-13.8.1982, Markku Savela leg. [falcataria-3f.jpg] 900x652 (~78Kb) female FINLAND, V: Bromarv Vettlax 665:27, ex.l 8.1991, Photo 8.9.1991 © Kimmo Silvonen
[falcataria-4.jpg] 596x400 (~68Kb) Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [falcataria-4l.jpg] 596x400 (~43Kb) larva Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [falcataria-5.jpg] 932x516 (~90Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 27.05.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov
[falcataria-6m.jpg] 922x530 (~98Kb) male Russia: Moscow area, 02.08.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov [falcataria-7lU.jpg] identification uncertain 1007x420 (~77Kb) larva Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 12.8.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov

Flight from end of May to beginning of July. Second generation in August

The first generation is usually lighter coloured than the second.

Larva on Betulaceae, Betula sp., B. verrucosa, B. pubescens, B. nana, Alnus glutinosa, A. incana, Quercus robur, Salix sp. [SPRK]



fiDrepana curvatula (Borkhausen, 1790)
. See [About maps] Ruskosirppisiipi Erlensichler Brunaktig sikelvinge égerfa-sarlósszövö
Phalaena curvatula Borkhausen, 1790; Naturges. Eur. Schmett., 3: 460, TL: Germany, Frankfurt
Drepana curvatula f. gaedei Bytinski-Salz, 1939; Ent. Rec. 51 : 166, TL: Kiewice, Wolhynia
knechteli Daniel, 1963
Drepana curvatula, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Drepana curvatula, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Drepana curvatula, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Drepana curvatula, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Drepana curvatula, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Drepana curvatula ; Gaede, 1931, in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 49: 20; Inoue, 1962, Insecta Japonica (2) 1: 21; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 104, pl. 11, f. 358, 363
[curvatula-1f.jpg] 900x644 (~72Kb) female SPAIN, Gerona Puig Ventos, ex.o. 1989, Erhard Bodi leg., Photo 24.9.1989 © Kimmo Silvonen [curvatula-2m.jpg] 940x520 (~89Kb) male Russia, Moscow area, 27.05.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov [curvatula.jpg] 500x364 (~25Kb) FINLAND: St: Reposaari, Iso Katava, 1.7.1967, S. Lauro leg.

Larva on Betula sp., Alnus, A. glutinosa, A. incana, Corylus avellana [SPRK]


Europe Drepana curvatula ; Gaede, 1931, in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 49: 20; Strand, 1911, in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 2: pl. 23h
Drepana curvatula curvatula ; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 104, pl. 11, f. 358
Misidentified/misapplied:

Bombyx sicula Esper; Hübner, [1803], pl. 11, f. 42-43
Bombyx sicula Esper; Hübner, [1809], pl. 11, f. 4
Bombyx sicula Esper; Hübner, [1838], pl. 83, f. 351
Bombyx sicula Esper; Hübner, [1819], 150 ('sicula' Schiffermüller)
D. c. acuta Butler, 1881
Japan, SE.Russia, Kuril Islands, Korea, China (Manchuria) Drepana acuta Butler, 1881; Trans. Ent. Soc. London 1881 (4): 596, TL: Tokei [Tokyo, Japan]
Drepana curvatula japonibia Strand, 1911; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 2: 200, TL: Nikko, [Japan]
= ; Inoue, 1962, Insecta Japonica (2) 1: 21; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 104
Drepana curvatula urupula Bryk, 1942; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 56 : 27, TL: [Kuril Is.] Urup
= ; Inoue, 1962, Insecta Japonica (2) 1: 21; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 105
Dreapana curvatula koreula Bryk, 1942; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 56 : 27, TL: Korea
= ; Inoue, 1962, Insecta Japonica (2) 1: 21; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 105
Falcaria curvatula acuta ; Inoue, 1959, Icon. Ins. Japon. 1: 175
Drepana curvatula acuta ; Inoue, 1962, Insecta Japonica (2) 1: 21; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 104, pl. 11, f. 363

Drepana rufofasciata Hampson, [1893]
Sikkim, China (Tibet). See [About maps] Drepana rufofasciata Hampson, [1893]; Fauna Br. India (Moths) 1 : 334, TL: Sikkim
Drepana rufofasciata ; Warren, 1922, in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 10: 463
Drapana rufofasciata ; Gaede, 1931, in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 49: 27
Drepana rufofasciata ; Watson, 1965, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent) Suppl. 3 : 105, f. 200-202, pl. 11, f. 365

Drepana pallida Moore, 1879
-. See [About maps] Drepana pallida Moore, 1879; Descr. Indian lep. Atkinson (1): 84, TL: Darjeeling
Drepana pallida ; Warren, 1922, in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 10: 463; Gaede, 1931, in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 49: 27; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 105, f. 203-214, pl. 11, f. 260-361
NE.India, N.Burma Drepana pallida ; Warren, 1922, in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 10: pl. 481
Drepana pallida pallida ; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 107, f. 203-207
D. p. cretacea Hampson, 1914
China (Szechwan), Vietnam Drepana cretacea Hampson, 1914; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 14 : 107
Drepana cretacea ; Gaede, 1932, in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 2 (Suppl.) : 168
Drepana pallida cretacea ; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 107, f. 208-209, pl. 11, f. 360
D. p. flexuosa Watson, 1968
China (Fukien, Chekiang) Drepana pallida flexuosa Watson, 1968; Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 107,f. 210-212, pl. 11, f. 361, TL: Fukien, Kuatun, 230m
Taiwan Drepana pallida nicromaculata Okano, 1959; Ann. Rep. Gakugei Fac. Iwate Univ. 14 (2): 38, TL: Formosa, Puli-Nushe
Drepana pallida nicromaculata ; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 109, f. 213-214

Drepana dispilata Warren, 1922
-. See [About maps] Drepana dispilata Warren, 1922; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 10: 463, TL: Knyvett
Drepana dispilata ; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 109, f. 215-219, pl. 11, f. 362, 364
N.India, Sikkim, N.Burma Drepana x-z-nigrum Bryk, 1943; Ark. Zool. 34 (A 13): 11, TL: NE. Burma, Kambaiti, 7000ft
= ; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 109
Drepana dispilata ; Gaede, 1931, in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 49: 26
Drepana dispilata dispilata ; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 109, f. 215-217
D. d. rufata Watson, 1968
China (Yunnan, Shensi) Drepana dispilata rufata Watson, 1968; Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 111, f. 218-219, pl. 11, f. 362, TL: China, S. Shensi, Tapaishan im Tsinlin
China (Szechwan) Drepana grisearia Leech, 1898; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (3) : 365 (preocc. Drepana grisearia Staudinger, 1892)
Drepana grisearipennis Strand, 1911; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 2: 201 (repl. Drepana grisearia Leech, 1898)
Drepana grisearipennis ; Gaede, 1931, in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 49: 26
Drepana dispilata grisearipennis ; Watson, 1968, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 111, pl. 11, f. 364

Subgenus ?

Drepana arcuata Walker, 1855
fabula (Grote, 1862)
genicula (Grote, 1862); (sum. f.)
Drepana arcuata, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Drepana arcuata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Drepana arcuata, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Drepana arcuata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Drepana arcuata, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Drepana arcuata, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Drepana arcuata ; [NACL, #6251]
D. a. siculifer Packard, 1872
Drepana arcuata siculifer ; [NACL, #6251a]
D. a. alaskensis Barnes & Benjamin, 1922
grotei Barnes & Benjamin, 1922; (spring f.)
Drepana arcuata alaskensis ; [NACL, #6251b]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Drepana cyanocera Snellen, 1899; Tijdschr. Ent. 42 : 111, pl. 5B, f. 3, TL: Java


15.5.2012 (9)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BSW]
de Freina & Witt, 1987; Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalearktis; ISBN 3-926285-00-1
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[Karl Hofsäß]
Karl Hofsaess; e-mail: Karl Hofsäß
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[Michael Borsch]
Geesthacht, Germany; contact through; e-mail: Francisco Welter-Schultes
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Borkhausen, 1790
Naturgeschichte der Europäischen Schmetterlinge nach Systematischer Ordnung. 3: Naturges. Eur. Schmett., 3: 476pp
Bryk, 1942
Zur Kenntnis der Großschmetterlinge der Kurilen Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 56 : 1-90, pl. 1-2
Bryk, 1943
Entomological results from the Swedish expedition 1934 to Burma and British India. Lepidoptera: Drepanidae Ark. Zool. 34 (A 13): 1-30, 3pls
Butler, 1881
Descriptions of new Genera and Species of Heterocerous Lepidoptera from Japan Trans. Ent. Soc. London 1881 (1): 1-23, (2): 171-200, (3): 401-426, (4): 579-600
Bytinski-Salz, 1939
New species and forms of palaearctic Bombycine moths Ent. Rec. 51 : 165-167
de Freina, 1994
9. Beitrag zur sytematischen Erfassung der Bombyces- und Sphinges-Fauna Kleinasiens Atalanta 25 (1/2): 317-349
Gaede, 1931
Drepanidae in Strand, Lepid. Cat. 49: 60pp
Gaede, 1932
(Drepanidae) in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 2 (Suppl.) : 167-168 (1932), : 169-170 (1933)
Gistl, 1848
Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs für höhere Schulen Naturg. Thiereichs: -
Hampson, [1893]
The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma 1 Fauna Br. India (Moths) 1 : v-xxii, : 1-527
Hampson, 1914
Descriptions of new genera and species of Drepanidae and Thyrididae Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 14 : 103-117
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Inoue, 1959
Iconographia Insectorum Japonicorum Colore Naturali. Edita 1. Lepidoptera Icon. Ins. Japon. 1: 284pp, 184pls
Inoue, 1962
Lepidoptera: Cyclidiidae, Drepaniidae Insecta Japonica (2) 1: 54pp, 3pls, 128fgs
Leech, 1898
Lepidoptera Heterocera from Northern China, Japan and Corea Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1898 (3) : 261-379
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Moore, 1879
Descriptions of new Indian Lepidopterous Insects from the collection of the late Mr. W.S. Atkinson Descr. Indian lep. Atkinson (1): 1-88, pl. 1-3 (1879), (2): 89-198, pl. 4-5 (1882), (3): 199-299, pl. 6-8 (1888)
Ochsenheimer, 1816
Die Schmetterlinge von Europa. Fierter Band Schmett. Eur. 4 : 1-223
Okano, 1959
New or little known moths from Formosa. (2) Ann. Rep. Gakugei Fac. Iwate Univ. 14 (2): 37-42, 1pl
Schrank, 1802
Fauna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baiern einheimischen und zahmen Thiere Fauna Boica 2 (2) : 1-412
Snellen, 1899
Eenige aanteekeningen over exotische lepidoptera Tijdschr. Ent. 42 : 101-114, pl. 5B
Strand, 1911
Drepanidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 2: 195-206
Watson, 1965
A Revision of the Ethiopian Drepanidae (Lepidoptera) Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent) Suppl. 3 : 3-178, pl. 1-18
Watson, 1968
The taxononomy of the Drepaninae represented in China, with an account of their world distribution (Lepidoptera: Drepanidae) Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 12 : 1-151, pl. 1-14


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.